Photography Tips, Tricks & Fixes Vol. 2

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  • Creative photography

    projects

    Master manual

    settings

    GUIDE

    P S A

    650essential

    hints & tips

    OverShoot a range of subjects

    Unlock the potential of your photographs

    Landscapes Portraits Black and white Macro

    PhotographyVolume 2

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  • Welcome to

    If you want to develop your photography skills then Photography Tips, Tricks & Fixes will give you all of the essential and practical advice youll need to master

    the art of photography. Alongside our 50 photography tips and tricks feature, our in-depth Tips section explores nine of the most popular photographic genres,

    including portrait, landscape, black and white and tips for lighting your subjects. Each genre has advice on the best kit, subjects, settings and composition as well as simple step-by-step tutorials so that you can capture the best photos of each subject every time. Once youve mastered the basics, the Tricks section invites

    you to take your photographs to the next level with several creative projects. From creating a levitation effect to shooting zoom bursts and setting up your own home

    studio, there is an array of fun shooting techniques for everyone. As hard as we try to take perfect photos in-camera, sometimes the end results dont match our expectations. Our Fixes tutorials show you how to use image-editing software to

    improve and enhance your photos. Follow the step-by-step tutorials to recompose photos, improve close-ups, brighten dull skies and much more. There is even a feature on rescuing old photos. Weve also got a free CD at the back of the book SDFNHGZLWKOHVDQGUHVRXUFHVWRKHOS\RXFRPSOHWHWKHSURMHFWVDORQJZLWKYLGHRtutorials so that you can further your image-editing skills. Photography Tips, Tricks

    & Fixes will ensure that you are shooting and editing like a pro in no time.

    GUIDE

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  • Imagine Publishing LtdRichmond House33 Richmond Hill

    BournemouthDorset BH2 6EZ

    +44 (0) 1202 586200Website: www.imagine-publishing.co.uk

    Twitter: @Books_ImagineFacebook: www.facebook.com/ImagineBookazines

    Head of PublishingAaron Asadi

    Head of DesignRoss Andrews

    Production EditorHannah Kelly

    Senior Art EditorGreg Whitaker

    DesignLauren Debono-Elliot

    Printed byWilliam Gibbons, 26 Planetary Road, Willenhall, West Midlands, WV13 3XT

    Distributed in the UK & Eire by Imagine Publishing Ltd, www.imagineshop.co.uk. Tel 01202 586200

    Distributed in Australia by Gordon & Gotch, Equinox Centre, 18 Rodborough Road, Frenchs Forest,

    NSW 2086. Tel + 61 2 9972 8800

    Distributed in the Rest of the World by Marketforce, Blue Fin Building, 110 Southwark Street, London, SE1 0SU.

    DisclaimerThe publisher cannot accept responsibility for any unsolicited material lost or damaged in the

    post. All text and layout is the copyright of Imagine Publishing Ltd. Nothing in this bookazine may be reproduced in whole or part without the written permission of the publisher. All copyrights are

    recognised and used specifically for the purpose of criticism and review. Although the bookazine has endeavoured to ensure all information is correct at time of print, prices and availability may change.

    This bookazine is fully independent and not affiliated in any way with the companies mentioned herein.

    Photoshop is either a registered trademark or trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries and is used with express permission.

    Photography Tips, Tricks & Fixes 2014 Imagine Publishing Ltd

    ISBN 978-1909758636

    bookazine series

    Part of the

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  • ContentsTips22 Capture stunning landscapes28 Shoot beautiful portraits34 Master macro photography40 Capture perfect still life shots46 Shoot action photography52 Master wildlife photography60 Get creative shooting water66 Take beautiful black & white photos72 Discover essential lighting tips Tricks

    90 Create a lens flare92 Capture shallow depth of field96 Make buildings stand out98 Create a vintage-effect photo102 Build a photo collage panograph106 Create dramatic portraits108 Shoot silhouettes110 Create a levitation effect114 Shoot a zoom burst116 Shoot dramatic smoke trails120 Create photos with light painting122 Shoot a time-lapse journal126 Get creative with miniature still life128 Capture a vertical panorama

    Discover creative photography projects

    Master macro photography

    50 photography tips & tricks

    6 Photography Tips, Tricks & Fixes

    08

    82

    Creative photography projects

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  • 146 Recompose problem photos in easy steps

    150 Simple ways to edit your portrait photos

    154 Fix animal compositions156 Retouch your underwater photos158 Fixes to improve close-ups162 Use levels to improve photos165 Brighten shadows166 Reduce noise167 Brighten up dull skies168 Enhance sunset skies170 Improve your landscape photos 174 Correct distracting lens distortion 176 Sharpen up any photo180 Speed up your editing workflow184 Master RAW conversion

    Fixes

    Photography Tips, Tricks & Fixes 7

    Recompose your problem photos

    in easy steps

    138

    132

    186

    The essential guide to editing

    Rescue your old photos

    Create a home studio

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  • 8 Photography Tips, Tricks & Fixes

    | |Fixes 50 photography tips & tricks

    Discover essential tips that will enhance your work whether you shoot landscapes, portraits, wildlife, commercial or mono

    50 photography tips & tricks

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  • Photography Tips, Tricks & Fixes 9

    | | 50 photography tips & tricks

    Inside this feature you will find the key to best practise in five genres of photography: landscapes, portraits, wildlife, commercial and monochrome. Discover 50 essential photography tips that you need to know before you can shoot great photographs, from bringing out confidence in models and training your vision of light to researching and planning the perfect wildlife shoot, and pitching your photography ideas to ad agencies. Taking on board some or all of these tips and techniques will help to develop your skills.

    This is a collection of some really useful tips, dos and donts, observations, attitude advice and handy habits to adopt when taking your own photographs, that will put you on a fast track to becoming a successful photographer, regardless of your genre.

    2: Face the elementsGo outside and see what happens in a rainstorm with a long exposure, or using flash. But keep your camera protected. Shortly after the rain has finished youll get some great light and youll have two shots for the price of one.

    1: Understand the lightLook at the way the light works in conjunction with the elements in your picture, then wait until the clouds move into the right place to bring out the elements in your landscape that you want. The same goes for moonlight and starlight.

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  • 10 Photography Tips, Tricks & Fixes

    50 photography tips & tricks

    A-list portraiture advice

    5: Be friendlyDont be too dominant, as its better to let people settle in and relax in their own way. This way you bring out the best in them by letting them come to you. People will relax its just a matter of time.

    6: Tune inFind out what type of music your subject likes and have it playing in the background when they arrive. If people feel at home and relaxed then thats half the problem taken care of.

    7: Read body languageVisually assess people as they arrive study their movements. Youll soon tell if someone has low self-esteem, so you can build them up discreetly to make them more confident.

    4: Keep it quietMake sure that you dont have anyone else interfering while youre taking pictures. If celebrities have their managers or PR staff with them, ask them to be quiet so they dont distract the subject.

    3: Shoot against simple backgroundsTry to use white or grey backgrounds in the studio. A charismatic subject is not going to get any more interesting by having a palm tree in the background.

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  • Photography Tips, Tricks & Fixes 11

    50 photography tips & tricks

    8: Maintain positivityNever tell a woman she is beautiful because no matter how beautiful she is, shell never believe it. Be more subtle tell them thats great and this works really well as you go.

    10: Get the right gear Its important to buy a good camera and spend as much as you can on it, even if its secondhand, because the better the camera, the less problems youll have.

    11: Know when to stopAs soon as you feel youve got the images that you need, end the shoot then, because theres nothing worse for the subject than a shoot that just drags on.

    9: Do your homeworkMake sure that you always read up about the person you are photographing so you have something to talk about when they arrive that will put them at ease.

    Beauty and style

    Clockwise from above:

    Brigitte Bardot (1971), Mick Jagger (1964), The Rolling Stones

    (1964), Audrey Hepburn (1966),

    David Bowie (1974)

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    12: Use just one lightThere is no point taking pictures in bad light. A great setup is one light set above the subjects head angled down so it throws interesting shadows underneath the chin.

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  • 12 Photography Tips, Tricks & Fixes

    50 photography tips & tricks

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    13: Be original People go to the same places as Joe Cornish and get disappointed that they cant get the same pictures as him. You can never be Joe Cornish, so youre far better off trying to capture your own experience of the place.

    14: Manage your time Dont drive a hundred miles only to find that the tide isnt right tide tables can be checked in advance of a shoot. You might need an hour before your ideal tide level to set up and find the best spot.

    15: Work on your own Go to places on your own and get in touch with your own feelings, ability and workflow. If you always go with others you wont find out what works best for you.

    18: If you cant buy it, make it You can make homemade filters out of stockings, tea bags, bubble wrap. It doesnt even matter if a piece of equipment is broken if youve dropped your lens and the front element has moved, see if you can get some nice, unexpected effects.

    19: Dont be a one-lens PhotographerOccasionally leave your favourite lens at home and take one with you that you rarely use. This will force you to think about the way you approach photography.

    20: Develop your own styleWhether you do long exposures, HDR or exposure-merging in Photoshop, experiment until you find something that really excites you. Then start applying it to a lot of things so you develop a style, because your individual style is what sets you apart.

    17: Be flexibleYou can research all the elements of a place and plan your shoot meticulously, only to find that when you arrive, there is scaffolding in front of your view. Be ready to do something different with what youve got.

    16: Learn from othersFind another visual artist who is willing to share their experiments that didnt work it shows the thought process that goes into it and can be quite revealing.

    Evocative landscape techniques

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  • Photography Tips, Tricks & Fixes 13

    50 photography tips & tricks

    Serene sceneryClockwise from left:

    Chillenden, Kent, south-east England; Borth Y Gest,

    Gwynedd, north-west Wales; Staffhurst, south-east England

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  • 14 Photography Tips, Tricks & Fixes

    50 photography tips & tricks

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    22: Experiment with long exposuresEither get out very early before the Sun rises, or invest in an ND (neutral density) filter and use the long shutter speeds the camera requires to correctly expose the image to create great misty effects on water.

    21: Rise earlyFor monochrome shots dawn can be a far

    better time to work than sunset. The light is often softer and the colours are more muted, which works better in black and white and there are less people around.

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  • Photography Tips, Tricks & Fixes 15

    50 photography tips & tricks

    13

    23: Shoot waterLakes, sea, streams and rivers water makes such a great subject matter to shoot in black and white. Fantastic, luminescent foreground, great texture and tone and theres so much of it around.

    24: Adjust your screenSet your camera screen to monochrome. You can still work in RAW format and your files will be in colour, but the screen will display in black and white. It gives a good idea of which colours become which tones.

    25: Avoid bright daysBlack-and-white photos taken on bright days tend to lack atmosphere and be too contrasting. A great black-and-white day is when the sky is grey and menacing! Stormy skies can look fantastic, especially once you add a little contrast in post-production work.

    28: Create printsDont leave all your lovely photographs on your hard drive print them, or make up a book of your favourites its more rewarding to see them this way.

    29: Dont over-processPhotoshop is not for fixing, its for enhancing. Spend about five minutes processing each photograph any more and its not the right one. A little contrast with Curves, some Dodging and Burning where necessary.

    30: Simplify the shotSometimes a very beautiful scene can look amazing to the eye, but be too cluttered and confusing in a photograph, especially in black and white.

    27: Know your kit bagEnsure that you know where everything is in your camera bag. You dont want to be hunting around for equipment while the light is going or tide is coming in!

    26: Attempt intimate landscapesDetailed, macro-style images can work beautifully well in monochrome. Potter around old harbours and shoot lobster pots, nets, rusty chains and bits of boats. Crop tight, and think about the texture.

    Etherealmonochrometricks

    Be water, my friendClockwise: Pier Study 2, Capbreton,

    south-west France; Fishing Boat, Dungeness, England; Selfoss, north

    Iceland; Storm, Dyrholaey, Iceland;

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  • Expertwildlifetips

    33: Dont boast On safari trips there will always be someone boasting that they saw the best animals and got the best shots, but wildlife photography is a game of chance. Accept it and dont boast too much you could make life difficult for others.

    34: Put on the lens hoodWhen shooting wildlife you should always keep the lens hood on; if you are following an animal thats moving, it might run into the Sun and the flare can catch the edge of the lens, ruining an otherwise great image.

    32: Include the landscape An animal is part of a landscape. Theres always a temptation to use the most powerful telephoto lens to get a good close-up, but with a wide-angle lens you can get a real sense of the surroundings that the animals are in.

    31: Know your animalResearch the animals behaviour before you set off so that you know how to interact. If your subject is a grizzly bear and you want it to relax, you need to make a bit of noise. A ze...