Photography the Photoshop Handbook

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This book contains proven steps and strategies on how to enhance your photographs usingone of the most popular and most user-friendly software in the market, Photoshop.

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<ul><li><p>ThePhotoshopHandbook</p><p>SimpleWaystoCreateVisuallyStunningandBreathtakingPhotos</p></li><li><p>TableofContents</p><p>Introduction</p><p>Chapter1:LightandLevels</p><p>Chapter2:AdvancedPhotoEnhancementTechniquesForPortraits</p><p>Chapter3:AdvancedPhotoEnhancingTechniquesforLandscapes</p><p>Conclusion</p><p>PreviewofDSLRPhotographyMadeEasy:SimpleTipsonHowYouCanGetVisuallyStunningImagesUsingYourDSLR</p></li><li><p>Introduction</p><p>I want to thank you and congratulate you for downloading the book, The PhotoshopHandbook:SimpleWaystoCreateVisuallyStunningandBreathtakingPhotos.</p><p>Thisbookcontainsprovenstepsandstrategiesonhowtoenhanceyourphotographsusingoneofthemostpopularandmostuser-friendlysoftwareinthemarket,Photoshop.</p><p>One of the most common misconceptions about Photoshop is that its a way forphotographerstocheat.Itjustmightbe,butyoushouldunderstandaswellthateventhemostsophisticatedcamerahasitslimitations.Whatweseewithoureyescannotbefullycapturedbyanyman-madedevice.Theessenceofasunsetoverthesea,theserenityofasilent mountain, or the grandeur of a rushing river these sceneries ambiences andemotionswillcomeoutblandandlackingwhenprinted.</p><p>Its not that you cannot instill life on pictures. There are simply some technicalities inmachines that cannot compare to our visions. However, the good thing about moderntechnology is that it has createdways on how to replicatewhatwe see onwhatwevecaptured,andoneofthemanywaysisthroughPhotoshop.</p><p>Somephotographsaregoodontheirown,butmostcanbefurtherenhancedthroughtheuseofthisamazingphotoeditingsoftware.Inthefollowingpagesofthisbook,youwilllearnsimpleandfoolprooftechniquesthatwillenableyoutoadddrama,breadth,andlifeto almost any kind of picture.Also, youwill understand howPhotoshop functions andhowyoucanuseandapplyeachtoolindependently.</p><p>Goonandtakeapeekandseewhatthislittlehandbookhastooffer.Photosareourwayofpreserving a moment, so why not enhance them and make them guaranteed attentiongrabbers?</p><p>Thanksagainfordownloadingthisbook,Ihopeyouenjoyit!</p></li><li><p> Copyright2015byDwayneBrown-Allrightsreserved.</p><p>Thisdocumentisgearedtowardsprovidingexactandreliableinformationinregardstothetopic and issue covered. The publication is soldwith the idea that the publisher is notrequired to render accounting, officially permitted, or otherwise, qualified services. Ifadviceisnecessary, legalorprofessional,apracticedindividual in theprofessionshouldbeordered.</p><p>- From a Declaration of Principles which was accepted and approved equally by aCommittee of the American Bar Association and a Committee of Publishers andAssociations.</p><p>Innowayisitlegaltoreproduce,duplicate,ortransmitanypartofthisdocumentineitherelectronicmeansorinprintedformat.Recordingofthispublicationisstrictlyprohibitedandanystorageofthisdocumentisnotallowedunlesswithwrittenpermissionfromthepublisher.Allrightsreserved.</p><p>Theinformationprovidedhereinisstatedtobetruthfulandconsistent,inthatanyliability,intermsofinattentionorotherwise,byanyusageorabuseofanypolicies,processes,ordirectionscontainedwithinis thesolitaryandutterresponsibilityof therecipientreader.Under no circumstances will any legal responsibility or blame be held against thepublisher for any reparation, damages, ormonetary loss due to the information herein,eitherdirectlyorindirectly.</p><p>Respectiveauthorsownallcopyrightsnotheldbythepublisher.</p><p>Theinformationhereinisofferedforinformationalpurposessolely,andisuniversalasso.Thepresentationoftheinformationiswithoutcontractoranytypeofguaranteeassurance.</p><p>Thetrademarksthatareusedarewithoutanyconsent,andthepublicationofthetrademarkis without permission or backing by the trademark owner. All trademarks and brandswithin this book are for clarifying purposes only and are the owned by the ownersthemselves,notaffiliatedwiththisdocument.</p></li><li><p>Chapter1:LightandLevels</p><p>Thefirstphotoenhancingtechniquethatwillbediscussedissosimple,itwonttakemorethan tenminutes to apply.Somephotos, after all, are best left almost untouched. If theangleisrightandthesubjectsarewellplaced,littleadjustmentsinlighting,contrast,andshadowsareenoughtotransformanyphotointoamasterpiece.Justlikewithanaturallybeautifulface,heavymakeupwillonlymakeitlooklessattractive.</p><p>Anuntrainedeyemaynotnoticethis,butmostdigitalphotossomewhathaveathingraylayeronthem.Theresnothingwrongwiththecamera.Sometimes,thesettingsaresimplynot adjusted properly. Nonetheless, the objective in this chapter is to remove this graylayerandaddintensitytothephotobydarkeningshadows.</p><p>AdjustingLevels</p><p>This is themost basicway of enhancing photos of all kinds. Unlike Contrast where itautomatically adjusts the brightness and darkness of the entire photo when tweaked,Levelsgivestheoptionofallowingyoutotunethecompleteorselectedblackarea,whitearea, ormidtones. Thismeans you can just intensify the dark portions of the photo, orincreasethebrightnessofthewhiteparts,orfindthebalancebetweenthetwobyadjustingthemidtone.</p><p>Beforeproceedingtothestep-by-steptutorials,youhavetofamiliarizeyourselffirstwiththeLevelsdialogbox.</p><p>Howtoaccess:</p><p>Inthemenupanel,clickonImage.Fromthedropdownmenu,pointtoAdjustments,thenselectLevels.</p><p>Howitworks:</p><p>Oncethedialogboxappears,thefirstthingyouwillnoticeisthechart-likeimage.Belowitaretheblack(left),white(right),andmidtone(middle)sliders.ThesearetheonesyoullneedtotoggletoredefinetheInputLevelsofthehistogram.</p><p>Above this is a drop down menu labeled Channel. Depending on your preferredhistogram (RGB or CMYK), you can select which channel you want to tweak. Forexample,ifthecoloryouonlyneedtoadjustisred,thensimplyclickonthisdropdownand select Red. Afterwards, toggle the black, white, or midtone sliders to get yourdesiredeffect.</p><p>Application:</p><p>Notwophotosarethesame,soyoucannotsetafixedmeasureoflevelsforall.Dependingonwherethepicturesweretaken,underdirectsunlightorbetweenmistandfog,eachwillhave different depths of darkness and intensity of brightness. This makes customizingleveladjustmentsnecessaryforall.</p><p>BlackandWhiteLevels</p></li><li><p>Mostpictureslookbestwhenfullrangelighttodarkisutilized.Whenyoumovetheblackslidertotheright,thedarkportionsofyourpicturewilldeepen,andwhenthewhitesliderisadjustedtotheleft,thebrightpartswillintensify.</p><p>Trivia!</p><p>Darkershadowsareidealevenforportraitpictures.Onereasonwhymostmodelshave preferably deep cheekbones (and why designers prefer them bone-thin) isbecause when the light hits their faces, shadows are cast, and this makes themstriking.Thisisthesamereasonwhyeyelinersareafad.Iftwoequallyprettygirlsstandsidebysideandoneiswearingeyelinerwhile theother isnt, thefirstoneyoullnoticeistheformer.</p><p>If you are working in front of your computer, try doing these simple adjustments.Afterwards,gotoHistory,andundoyourprogressbyclickingonthetoptab.Noticehowmuch the photo has improved. Asmentioned before, its like a thin layer of gray wasremoved.Gobacktoyourlatestprogressbyclickingonthelasttabandrestoreyourlatestwork.</p><p>Keep inmind, however, that not all sliders are necessarily adjusted. There are pictureswithlowlight;hence,someareasarenotfullyblackorwhite.Ifyouadjusttheblackandwhite levels, you may only ruin the ambience of the image and make the light lookunnaturallybright. In thesecases, itsbest thatyoukeeptheadjustments toaminimum.Playwiththeslidersandseewhatbestsuityourpicture.</p><p>MidtoneLevels</p><p>ThemidtonesliderfunctionssimilarlywithBrightness.Moveittotheleftandtheentirepicturewillbrighten,andwhenyoupushittotheright,itwilldarken.</p><p>How is this best applied?Keep inmind that thegoal of basic photo enhancement is tobringoutthefullblackandfullwhiteportionsofthepicture.Sometimes,however,ifyoumovethewhiteslider toattainthefullestwhiteofyourphoto, itwill lookoverexposed.When this happens, you can adjust the midtone slider to balance the brightness, andmaintain thenatural lookofyourpicture.Thesame instancecanhappenwith theblackslider,andyoucanutilizethemidtoneslidertofixthis.</p><p>Precautions:</p><p>Becarefulwithusingthistool,becauseyoumayendupincreasingthecontrasttoomuch,andmay lead toposterization.Thismeans thatyourphotocould look likeoneof thosemass-producedposterswithlimitedinks.</p><p>Also, changing the levels of channels in your histogram can cause color imbalance. Ifdoneincorrectly,yourphotocouldturnoutreallyyellow,tooblue,ordeeplyred,unless,ofcourse,thisistheeffectyouwanttoachieve.</p><p>PhotosBestAppliedto:</p><p>Level adjustments are perfect for landscape photos. Cameras dont often capture thebeautiful contrast of horizons and skylines because if the sun is too bright, it willautomaticallyadjustitsshutterspeedtolimittheintakeoflight.Therefore,thepictureyoutook will look like it has a transparent gray layer on it. When you apply the above</p></li><li><p>technique,however,youcanbringout theblueof theskywithoutdarkening thecloudsanddeepentheshadowsofthesubjectsforadditionaldrama.</p><p>Portraitscanalsobenefitfromthistechnique,butthiswilldependontheeffectyouwanttobringout.</p><p>FocusedLightEffect</p><p>If levels best suit landscapes, the focused light effect will best suit portraits. Thistechniquewillhelpyoufocustheattentionofviewersinaspecificsubjectorareaofthepicture. Imagine the half-body photo of a girl with normal lighting. Peoples attentioncould be anywhere in the image, and you canmake them focus on her face by addingsomewhatlikeaspotlight.</p><p>Thistechnique,however,requiresfamiliarizationofmultipletoolsinPhotoshop.Tomakethistutorialmorecomprehensive,thefunctionsofeachwillbediscussedasyougoalongthestep-by-stepprocess.</p><p>Step1:</p><p>Opentheimageyouwanttoedit.UndertheLayerstabinthepanelattherightsideofthewindow,clickonNewAdjustmentLayerlocatedatthebottom,thenselectCurves.</p><p>Anewdialogboxwillpopupandyouwillseeagridwithadiagonallinerunningthroughit.Thislinehassmallsquareends,andyoucanadjustthesetochangetheimagestonalrange. The bottom left square represents pure black areas, while the upper right onerepresents pure white areas. If you play with this function, you will notice how thelightingofyourphotochanges.</p><p>Forthistechnique,youneedtodragtheupperrightsquarestraightdownuntilitreachesanoutputlevelof70.Youwillseetheoutputnumberatthebottomofthegrid.Yourphotowill darken, and depending on the intensity of the effect youwant to achieve, you canmakeitevendarkerbyfurtherdraggingthesquaredown.ClickOKwhenyouredone.Anew tabwill appearunderyourLayerspanel, and this shows the curvechangesyouvemade.</p><p>Step2:</p><p>Forthenextstep,youneedtoselecttheareaofthephotowherethelightwillbefocusedon.Theresnoneedtobepreciseuptothelastpixel,sotheLassotoolwilldo.YoucanpresstheLkeyorgototheToolspaletteandselectitfromthere.</p></li><li><p>IfyourightclicktheLasso,itwillshowthreeversionsofthetool.Thetopmostshowsaroundone,andthishasthemostbasicfunction.Inthemiddleisapolygonalone,anditisperfect for to-the-last-pixel selections. At the bottom is the most advanced among thethree,themagneticlasso.</p><p>Forthistechnique,themostbasicwilldojustfine.Click,hold,andencircletheportionofthe image you want to select. You dont need to create a perfect circle for this. Forexample,ifyouareworkingonaportraitofagirl,youcanroughlytraceherfaceallthewaytotheshoulders.</p><p>Reminder!</p><p>Theaimofphotoshoppingistocreatebelievableeffects,soyouhavetoimaginewhich parts of the girl will be illuminated if you direct light on her face. Justbecauseyouwantthefocusontheface,itdoesntmeanitstheonlypartyouneedto select.Observeportraitswithhighcontrast inmagazines, and learnhow lightfallsonsubjects.</p><p>Step3:</p><p>YouwillseetwolayersundertheLayerspanel.Atthebottomisyourphoto,andontopofitisthecurvemask.Ifyouclickontheeyebesidethelatter,thedarklayeronyourphotowilldisappear.ThisiswhatsamazingwithPhotoshop;insteadofapplyingthechangeonthe image itself, it createdanew layerwitha thinblack film. Ifyouchangeyourmindlater on aboutmaking that adjustment, you can simply delete the layer, and keep youroriginalphotointact.</p><p>In this step,youwillhave tocut theselectedportionoff theblack film,soyouhave tomakesurethecurvemasklayerisselected.ClickonEditfromthemenupanel,andonthedropdownmenu,selectFill.Adialogboxwillappear,andbesideContentisanotherdropdownmenu.Clickit,selectBlack,thenclickOK.</p><p>If you look at the curvemask layer thumbnail, youwill see that your selection turnedblack,whereas inyourphoto, the selectedportion seems tohavebeencutout from thethinfilm.</p></li><li><p>Step4:</p><p>Sincetheedgesofthethinfilmaresharp,youwouldneedtoaddablureffecttomakeitlook like light is shining over the subject. There aremanyways on how to do this inPhotoshop,butthemostaptforthisprocessistheGaussianBlur.YouwillfindthisunderBlur in theFilter tab,which can be found in themenu panel.Again, a dialog boxwillappear.</p><p>At the bottomof the box is a slider. Tweak it to increase the pixel radius. Look at thephotoandyoullnoticehowtheedgesofthefilmlightened.Dependingonwhateffectyouarelookingtoachieve,youcanexpandtheblurfurther,orkeepittoaminimum.</p><p>Tip!</p><p>Greatartistsrelysolelyontheireyestojudgeifthelightingeffectisgoodandifits correct. If the lighting style you want to achieve is similar to that of aspotlights and the subject is far from the camera, then a wider blur is moreappropriate.However,ifthesubjectisnearthecameraandifyourselectedportioncoversalmost60%ofthecanvas,thenitisbesttostickwithanarrowerblur.</p><p>Onceyou feel satisfiedwith theadjustments,clickOK.By this time,youllalreadyseethattheFocusedLightEffecthascometolife.</p><p>If you think the black films darkness is too much, you can always adjust its opacity.Again,makesurethat thecurvemasklayer isselected.Intheupperrightportionof theLayerspanel,lookforOpacity.From100%,adjustittoalowerpercentageuntilyouthinkthedarknessisjustright.</p><p>PhotosBestAppliedto:</p><p>Whenyouredone,theimprovementswill leaveyoustunned.Althoughfocusedlightingeffectsare recommendedforportraits,youcanalsoapply these in landscapeandmacrophotographs.Forexample,thistechniquecanadddramatoaseeminglypeacefulmeadow.Youcandarkensky,thenleaveabrightportionsomewherebetweenthecloudstomakeitlookthatsomeheavenlymiracleisabouttohappen.Formacroshots,ifthemainsubjectisasmallinsectonabackgroundofcolorfulleavesandflowers,youcanemphasizethelittleguybyaddingaconservativelighteffect.</p><p>Leveladjustmentsandfocused lightingdontneed tobedoneseparately.Youcanapplythesetwophotoenhancingeffectsononeimageifyouthinkitwillbringoutthebestinyourmasterpiece.However, if youhaveagoodeye fordesignandgraphics, then thesetwo techniqueswillbarely satiateyourneed for stun.Hence, the followingchapterwilldiscussmoreadvancedPhotoshoptricksandmagictomakeyourphotonotonlystunning,butalsobreathtaking.</p></li><li><p>Chapter2:AdvancedPhotoEnhancementTechniquesForPortraits</p><p>Somephotographswillbenefit frommore than simple shadowadjustmentsand lightingeffects. Even if the quality of the image is top notch, some details can be improved tomakethephotoevermorestriking.</p><p>This, however,will require furtherknowledgeon thebasicsofPhotoshop.Nonetheless,thisbookwillprovideafoolproofstep-by-stepofthetechniques.Additionaldescriptionswillalsobesuppliedtohelp thereaderfamiliarizewith the toolsandhowtheyfunctionbeyondtheiruseasdisplayedinthefollowingtechniques.</p><p>Most female readers are probablywaiting for the Photoshop tricks thatwillmake theirskinglowlikethoseofmodernvampiresinmoviesandTVshowsandgivetheirfacesthatnaturalblushandthickeyelashes.Goodnews,ladies!Thisportioniswhereallthesewillbediscussed.</p><p>Toallthegentlemenreadingthisrightnow,dontthinkyouwo...</p></li></ul>

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