philippine history: geography

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Introductory piece describing the wonderful Philippine island

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PHILIPPINE HISTORYGeography

Geographic Highlights TOTAL ISLANDS: 7,100 islands TOTAL LAND AREA: 300,000 sq. km PHILIPPINE DEEP deepest point in Philippine waters @ 34,440 feet. MABUDIS northernmost island, part of the Batanes is 78 mi. south of Taiwan. SALUAG southernmost island, part of Sulu is 34 mi. from Borneo. SIERRA MADRE longest mountain range in the Phil. From Cagayan to San Bernardino Strait. MT. APO highest point in the Phil. @ 9,600 ft. located in Mindanao.

MABUDIS/MAVUDIS ISLAND

SALUAG ISLAND

SIERRA MADRE

MT. APO

Geographic Highlights CAGAYAN RIVER longest river in the Phil. @ 350km. LAGUNA DE BAY largest lake in the Phil. SEASONS: SW Monsoon (Habagat): June Oct. (Rainy Season) NE Monsoon (Amihan): Nov. Feb. (Cool Season)

CAGAYAN RIVER

LAGUNA DE BAY

Geographic Highlights EARTHQUAKES: Manila quake in June 3, 1863 destroyed many structures including Manila Cathedral & the Governor Generals palace in Intramuros forcing the Spanish colonial government to relocate to Malacaang. Baguio quake in July 16, 1990 yielded intensity 7.8. Tsunami struck Baler, Aurora in December 29, 1755. In August 17, 1976, an Intensity 8 earthquake in Moro Gulf generated a tsunami killing more than 3,000 persons along southwestern Mindanao

VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS: 22 out of 402 volcanoes are active. After being dormant for about 600 yrs., Mt. Pinatubo in Zambales erupted on June 15, 1991. Mt. Mayon in Albay erruption burried Cagsawa town in Feb 1, 1814.

As of March 2011 80 provinces 138 cities 1,496 municipalities 42,026 barangays

Source: National Statistical Coordination Board

Influence of Geography SHELTER Wood, bamboo and palm leaves (anahaw & nipa) typically used for walls & roofing. Stone houses of Ivatan people in Batanes. Samas people of Sulu, dependent on the sea build their houses on stilts. Badjaos live on their boats. IDENTITY TAGALOGS (taga ilog) live in a region of rivers. ILONGGOS attributed to the nose-like features of the river delta of southern Panay. MARANAOS (ranao) referring to Lake Lanao. TAUSUGS (tau) man & (sug) current.

POLITICS

Influence of Geography

Communities near rivers & seas were seats of large political communities (Manila, Butuan, Jolo).

SOCIO-ECONOMIC LIFE Geographical proximity w/ neighboring territories open opportunities for cross-cultural exchanges & trade. Geographical features & climate impacts on economic life devising ways & means of adaptation.

RECSOURCES Geographic location determines available natural resources & sources of renewable energy & fresh water.

NATIVE PLANTS

Philippine Resources

Star of Leyte (Phalaenopsis Intermedia) Mindanao Orchid (Dendrobium shuetzei Waling-waling (Vanda sanderiana)

NATIVE ANIMALS

Philippine Resources

Tamaraw (Anoa mindorensis)

Philippine eagle (Pithecophaga jefferyi) Philippine freshwater crocodile (Crocodylus mindorensis)