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Technical Institute for Health Training

Review of

Pharmacy & Questions

Prepared by: Dr. Ramadan Al-Shdefat

2006Technical Institute for Health Training Dr. Ramadan AL-Shdefat Pharmacy 1

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Table of contents

1 Introduction 2 Pharmacology 3 Pharmaceutics 4 Important Information 5 Questions (1) (2) (3) (4) (5)

3 5 13 26

30

Technical Institute for Health Training Dr. Ramadan AL-Shdefat

Pharmacy

2

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Review of

Pharmacy

Introduction ) Pharmacology ( Pharmaceutics ) ( Important Information ) ( ) Questions ( . .

.

Test Structure,The test is a multiple-choice question written by pharmacists who like most of your pharmacy instructors, have Ph.D / masters .degrees and clinical expertise in particular areasTechnical Institute for Health Training Dr. Ramadan AL-Shdefat Pharmacy 3

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The test is designed for one purpose: to determine whether its appropriate for you to receive a license to practice as a pharmacy technician. By passing the test, you demonstrate that you possess the minimum level of knowledge necessary to practice pharmacy safely.

Testing by ComputerThe test, like many standardized test today, is administered by computer, or by answered on computer sheet (filling the empty circles using sharpening pencils). A B C D 1. O O 2. O

O

O O

3. O O O Dont fill the circles in this way !!!!

To focus on the question and avoid becoming overwhelmed, apply proven strategies for answering the questions, including: Determining what the question asks. Rephrasing the question. Choosing the best option. Read the question twice. If the answer is not apparent, rephrase the question in simpler, more personal terms. Breaking down the question into easier, less intimidating terms may help you to focus more accurately on the correct answer.Technical Institute for Health Training Dr. Ramadan AL-Shdefat Pharmacy 4

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Pharmacology GroupTetracyclines

Generic NameDoxycyclin Minocyclin Oxy-tetracyclin Chloramphenicol

Trade nameVibramycin Minocine Terramycin Chloromycetin Kemicetine Orbenin Floxapen Methicillin

B-Lactamase stable Penicillin's

* Quinolones

Cloxacillin Flucloxacillin Methicillin Temocillin Amoxycillin + Potassium Augmentin Clavulanate Ciprofloxacin Norfioxacin Nalidixic acid Ofloxacin Erythromydn Clarithromycin Azithromycin Amikacin Gentamycin Kanamycin Neomycin-Sulphate Streptomycin Tobramycin Cephalexin Cephradin Cephadroxil Cefuroxime Cefaclor CefamndolTechnical Institute for Health Training Dr. Ramadan AL-Shdefat

Macrolides

Aminoglycosides

1st generation Cephalosporins 2nd generation Cephalosporins

Ciprobay Noroxin Negram Tarivid Erythrocin Klacid Zithromax Amikin Cidomycin & Garamycin Kantrex Mycifradin Streptocid Nebcin Keflex Velocef Ultracef Zinnat Ceclor MandolPharmacy 5

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3rd generation Cephalosporins

Anti-TB

Antiviral

Anti-fungal

Cefotaxime Ceftazidime Ceftizoxime Cefodizime Cefexime Cefprozil Rifampicin I.N.H. Ethambutol Streptomycin Acyclovir (herpes) Famciclovir Amantadine Iduroxidine (herpes) Zidovudine (AIDS) Griseofulvin Ambisome Itraconazole Ketoconazole Miconazole Nystatin Clotrimazole Econazole Fluconazole Chloroquine Primaquine Pyremethamine Pyremethamine + Sulphadoxine Mefloquine Metronidazole Tinidazole Sodium Stibo-gluconate

Claforan Fortum

Suprax Cefzil

Zovirax Symmetrel Retrovir Fulcin Amphotericin Sporanox Nizoral Daktarin Mycostatin Canesten Pevaryl Diflucan Malarex & Resochin Primaquine Daraprim Fansidar Mephaquine Flagyl Fasigen Pentostam Vermox Antepar CombantrinPharmacy 6

Antimalarial drugs

Antiprotozoal Leishmaniasis

Thread worms Mebendazole (Pinworms, Entrobius or Piperazine Vermucularis) PyrantelTechnical Institute for Health Training Dr. Ramadan AL-Shdefat

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Ascaricides (common round worm) Taenia Schistosomecide 1st generation Sulphonyl-urea 2nd generation Sulphonyl-urea

Mebendazole Piperazine Pyrantel Levamisole Hcl Niclosamide Oxamaquine Praziquantal Tolbutamide Chlorpropamide Acetohexamide Glibenclamide Gliclazide Glipizide Metformin Chlorpheneramine maleate Pheneramine maleate Clemastine Dimethindene Hydroxyzine Ketotifen Triprolidine Antazoline Astemizole Cetrizine Loratedine Terfenadine Clemastine Cimetidine Ranitidine Famotidine Omeprazole

Vermox

Biguanide

Anti-histaminic (sedative)

Ketrax Yomesan Vansil Biltricide Rastinon Diabenase Dimelor Daonil & Euglocon Diamicron Minidiab Glucophage & Melbin Analierg & Polararnin Avil Tavegyl Fenistil Atarax Zaditen Actidil Antistine Hismanal Zyrtec Claritine Teldane &Triludan Tavigyl Tagamet Zantac Pepcidin Losec

Antihistaminic (non-sedative)

Antihistaminic H1 selective antagonist Anti-ulcerative H2 selective antagonist Anti-ulcerative Gastric acid suppressor

Technical Institute for Health Training Dr. Ramadan AL-Shdefat

Pharmacy

7

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Antispasmodic

Oral Anti-emetic

NSAID's

Mucolytic

Expectorant

Cough sedatives

Hyoscine N-Butylbromide Buscopan & Spasmopan Mebevrine Hcl Duspataline Peppermint Oil Colpermin Metoclobramide Primpran & Plasil Chlorpromazine Largactil Promethazine Phenergan Dimenhydrate Dramamine Acetylsalicylic acid Aspirin Ibuprofen Brufen & Fenbid Diclophenac Sodium Voltaren Diflunisal Dolobid Fenbufen Cinopal Indomethacin Indocid Ketoprofen Profenid & Oruvail Nabumetone Relifex Naproxen Naprosyn & Proxen Phenylbutazone Tecinil Piroxicam Feldene Tenoxicam Tiicotil Tiaprofenic acid Surgam Tolmetin Tolectin Mefenamic acid Ponstan Bromohexine Hcl Bisolvon Carbocysteine Mucopront & Rhinathiol Acetylcysteine Mucomist Ammonium Chloride Ipecaqunnha Squill Gaufensin Codeine Dextromethorphan Phlocodeine PhlocodeineTechnical Institute for Health Training Dr. Ramadan AL-Shdefat Pharmacy 8

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Cough sedatives + Decongestant

Antihistaminic + Decongestant

OTC

B1-Agonist B2-Selective Agonist

B2-Agonist

B2-blocker (glaucoma) B1& B2 Antagonists

Bl-Selective blocker (Cardie-selective)

Methadone Morphine Dextromethorphane + Benyline Diphenhydramine + Menthol Pholcodine + Ephedrine + Davenol Carboxamine Triprolidine + Actified Pseudo-Ephedrine Sudafed Plus Diphenyl-Pyraline + Escornade Phenyl-Propanolamine Paracetamol (500 mg) Panadol Ascorbic acid Redoxon Hyoscine N-Butylbromide Buscopan Bromohexine Hcl Bisolvon Pentoxiverine Toclase Aspirin Aspirin Mefenamic acid Ponstan Castor oil Adrenaline Adrenaline Isoprenaline Medihaler Orciprenaline Alupent Dobutamine Dopamine Salbutamol Ventolin Terbutalin Bricanyl Fenotrol Berotec Salmetrol Timolol Timptol Betaxolol Betopic Propranolol Inderal Pindolol Visken Timolol Timptol Nadolol Corgard Atenolol Tenormin Betaxolol Betoptic Bisoprolol ConcorPharmacy 9

Technical Institute for Health Training Dr. Ramadan AL-Shdefat

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Alpha & Beta-blocker Alpha-1 Selective blocker Antihypertensive

Metoprolol Acebutolol Labetalol Prazocin Clonidine Captopril Enalaphi Lisinopril Perindopril Quinapril Verapamil Nefidipine Deltiazem Isradipin Amiodipin Dipyridamole Digoxin Verapamil Adenosine Amiodarone Disopyramide Procainamide Quinidine Brytilium Lignocaine Mexiletine Phenytoin Propaphenone Tocamide Chlorothiazide Hydrochlorothiazide Chlorthalidone Indapamide Hydroflumethiazide Furosemide Bumetanide

Lopressor Sectral Trandate : Minipress Catapress Capoten Renitec Zestril Coversyl Acuitel Isoptin Adalat Dilziem & Teldium Lomir Arnlor Persantin

A.C.E.I.

Ca ++ channel blocker

Anti-platelets

Anti-arrhythmic (Supra-ventricular)

Cordarone Rhythmodari Kiditard

Anti-arrhythmic (ventricular)

Mexitil

Thiazide

Saluric Esidrex Hygerton Natrilex Lasix BurinexPharmacy 10

Loop (High) Ceiling Diuretics

Technical Institute for Health Training Dr. Ramadan AL-Shdefat

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Potassium Sparing Diuretics

Spironolactone Triametrine Ascorbic acid (Vit C) Pyridoxine (Vit B6) Water soluble Vitamins Thiamin (Vit Bl) Riboflavin (Vit B2)Cyanocopalamine (Vit B12)

Aldactone Redoxon Benadon Benerva

Retinol (Vit A) Ergocalciferol (Vit D2) Cholecalciferol (Vit D3) Fat Soluble Vitamins

One-Alpha (Alphacalcidol)

Anti-Estrogen Androgen antagonist

Lipid lowering drugs

Bulk forming laxatives

Tocopherol (Vit E) Ephynal Phytomenadione (Vit Kl) Konakion Synkavit Cloiniphen-Citrate Tamoxifen Nolvadex Cyproterone acetate Androcure Cholestyramine Questran Clofibrate Atromid S Gemfibrozil Lopid Simvastatin Zocor Provastatin Lipostat Bran Fybranta & Proctofibe Psyllium Hydrophilic Metamucil Mucilloid Methylcellose Sterculia Bisacodyl Anthraquinone Caster oil Cascara Arachis oil Paraffin oil Glycerol Magnesium salt Lactulose Normacol Dolcolax

Stimulant laxa

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