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Personality and Emotions

What is Personality? Smart Hero Popular Strong Tall Complexion Singer Dress

The

Sum total of ways in which an individual reacts and interacts with others. unique and relatively stable patterns of behavior, thoughts, and emotions shown by individuals.

The

Which personality will result in effective job performance?

Personality and OB

Will a shy person will be suitable for a marketing job?Personality characteristics create parameters for peoples behavior.

PERSONALITY DETERMINANTS

Personality

determined at birth? Result of individuals interaction with environment Personality is a result of HERIDITY ENVIRONMENT SITUATIONAL CONDITIONS

HERIDITY Physical

structure Facial attractiveness Gender Temperament Energy level Fear, shyness Consistency in job satisfaction over the time. Inner or outer

Personality

characteristi cs are not completely dictated by Heredity

Heredity

plays an important role in the development of personality

ENVIRONMENT Culture

exerts pressure on our personality formation Conditioning Family norms Friends Social groups

Heredity

sets the parameters or outer limits, but an individuals full potential will be determined by how well he or she adjusts to the demands and requirements of the environment. good speaker remains quite as per need of the situation)

(A

SITUATION Personality

changes under different situations which may other wise be stable. should not be seen

Personality

in isolation.

TRAITSTrait may be defined as any distinguishable, relatively enduring way in which one individual differs from the others. Immaturity to Maturity

PERSONALITY TRAITS Enduring

characteristics that describe an individuals behavior. 17,953 personality traits Research found 16 primary traits these are generally steady and constant sources of behavior. Can be useful to predict individuals behavior in specific situations.

HOW TO FIND PERSONALITY TRAITS?

MYERS-BRIGGS TYPE INDICATORS

A

personality test that taps four characteristics and classifies people into one of 16 personality types. No evidence that it is a valid measure of personality. It is widely used

The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator widely used personality A mostframeworks

Personality Types Personality Types Extroverted or Introverted (E or I) Extroverted or Introverted (E or I) Sensing or Intuitive (S or N) Sensing or Intuitive (S or N) Thinking or Feeling (T or F) Thinking or Feeling (T or F) Perceiving or Judging (P or J) Perceiving or Judging (P or J)

Sixteen Primary Traits

EXHIBIT

4-2

BIG FIVE MODEL Five

key dimensions To find the role of personality in OB

Five personality traits (Big-five) related to job performance are EXTRAVERSION Expressive style. One comfort level with relationships. How individual express themselves verbally and behaviorally. People behavior may range from quiet and reserved to talkative and outgoing. People with high on extraversion fit better with aggressive and team oriented cultures.

AGREEABLE -Interpersonal style. How individuals behave while interacting with others. Cooperative, good natured and trusting to cool, disagreeable. People

high on agreeableness will match up better with a supportive organizational climate

CONSCIENTIOUSNESS Work style. How people work and meet responsibilities. Dependable, responsible, persistent and achievement oriented to- general. EMOTIONAL STABILITY How people express their emotions. Unemotional to highly emotional. OPENNESS TO EXPERIENCE Intellectual Style. How individuals learn, think, and decide. Imaginative, artistically sensitive, and intellectual. Fit better with pro-innovative organization

Personality TraitsTrait may be defined as any distinguishable, relatively enduring way in which one individual differs from the others. Immaturity to Maturity

People characteristics include shyness, aggressiveness, submissiveness, laziness, Personality traits are constantly exhibited in variable situations.

Personality Determinants Personality DeterminantsHeredity Heredity Environment Environment Situation Situation

Personality Types

Personality Types