Peripheral Vascular Disease Megan McClintock. Peripheral Artery Disease Definition Etiology/Pathophysiology Signs & symptoms Complications Diagnostic

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  • Peripheral Vascular Disease

    Megan McClintock

  • Peripheral Artery DiseaseDefinitionEtiology/PathophysiologySigns & symptomsComplicationsDiagnostic studiesTreatment

  • PAD TreatmentRisk factor modificationDrug therapyExercise therapyNutritional therapyAlternative therapyCareful care of the ischemic legInterventional radiologic proceduresPercutaneous transluminal balloon angioplastyStentsSurgical therapyPeripheral arterial bypass EndarterectomyPatch graft angioplastyAmputation

  • PAD InterventionsNursing care plan (pg _____)Health PromotionRisk preventionAcutePostop careAnkle-brachial index measurementsAvoid knee-flex positionsAmbulatory/Home CareSmoking cessationMeticulous foot care

  • Venous ThrombosisDefinitionEtiology/PathophysiologyVirchows triadVenous stasisEndothelial damageHypercoagulability of bloodSigns & symptomsSuperficial thrombophlebitisDeep vein thrombosis

  • DVT TreatmentPreventionEarly mobilizationTED hoseICDsNon-pharmacologic therapyDrug therapyAnticoagulantsUnfractionated heparinLow molecular weight heparinHirudinCoumarin compoundsSurgical therapy

  • Venous Thrombosis InterventionsAcutePrevention of emboli formationReduction of inflammationAmbulatory/Home CareSmoking cessationAvoidance of constrictive garmentsNo BCPs or hormonesAvoid prolonged standing or sittingTeach s/s of pulmonary embolismBleeding care

  • Venous Leg UlcersDefinitionEtiology/PathophysiologySigns & symptomsTreatmentCompressionMoist environment dressingsNutritional status and intakeObservation for infectionNursing careProper foot and leg careAvoiding standing/sitting Elevate the legs

  • Pulmonary EmbolismDefinitionEtiology/PathophysiologySigns & symptomsComplicationsDiagnostic studiesTreatmentConservative therapyDrug therapySurgical therapy

    **Pg 912, 920-924*******

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