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  • Doc 9997

    AN/498

    PERFORMANCE-BASED NAVIGATION (PBN) OPERATIONAL APPROVAL MANUAL

    NOTICE TO USERS This document is an unedited advance version of an ICAO publication as approved, in principle, by the Secretary General, which is rendered available to the public for convenience. The final edited version may still undergo alterations in the process of editing. Consequently, ICAO accepts no responsibility or liability of any kind should the final text of this publication be at variance from that appearing here. (Advance unedited version)

  • i

    FOREWORD The purpose of this manual is to provide guidance on the operational approval process in the context of performance-based navigation (PBN). It is intended for flight operations inspectors and others involved in the regulation of PBN operations. This manual is intended to supplement the existing guidance material on certification and operational approval found in the Manual of Procedures for Operations Inspection, Certification and Continued Surveillance (Doc 8335). Future developments Comments on this manual would be appreciated from all parties involved in the regulation of and issuance of approvals for PBN applications. These comments should be addressed to: The Secretary General International Civil Aviation Organization 999 University Street Montral, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7

  • ii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1. Performance-based navigation ............................................................................................... 1 1.1 Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 1 1.2 PBN overview ..................................................................................................................... 1 1.3 RNAV and RNP .................................................................................................................. 2 1.4 Navigation specifications .................................................................................................... 2 1.5 PBN applications ................................................................................................................ 3 Chapter 2. Certification and operational approval ................................................................................. 4 2.1 Overview ............................................................................................................................. 4 2.2 State regulatory responsibilities .......................................................................................... 5 2.3 Operational approval ........................................................................................................... 6 2.4 Documentation of operational approval ............................................................................ 12 2.5 State regulatory material ................................................................................................... 13 2.6 Approval process .............................................................................................................. 14 2.7 International operations .................................................................................................... 15 Chapter 3. Operational approval guidelines .......................................................................................... 16 3.1 Aircraft eligibility ............................................................................................................. 16 3.2 Operating procedures ........................................................................................................ 17 3.3 Training ............................................................................................................................. 19 3.4 Navigation databases ........................................................................................................ 21 Chapter 4. Navigation specifications ....................................................................................................... 23 4.1 RNAV 10 .......................................................................................................................... 23 4.2 RNAV 5 ............................................................................................................................ 36 4.3 RNAV 1 and RNAV 2 ...................................................................................................... 46 4.4 RNP 4 ................................................................................................................................ 60 4.5 RNP 1 ................................................................................................................................ 71 4.6 RNP APCH ....................................................................................................................... 81 4.7 RNP AR operations .......................................................................................................... 96 Annex A. Area navigation systems ...................................................................................................... 115 Annex B. Example OPS SPEC entries ................................................................................................. 121 Annex C. Example regulatory text ....................................................................................................... 123 Annex D. Example application form ................................................................................................... 127 Annex E. Flight operational safety assessments .................................................................................. 130

  • iii

    REFERENCES ICAO documents Manual of Procedures for Operations Inspection, Certification and Continued Surveillance

    (Doc 8335) Performance-based Navigation (PBN) Manual (Doc 9613) Required Navigation Performance Authorization Required (RNP AR) Procedure Design Manual

    (Doc 9905) Aeronautical Radio Inc (ARINC) documents Navigation System Data Base (ARINC Specification 424)

    RTCA Inc Standards for Processing Aeronautical Data (DO200A)

    European Organization for Civil Aviation Equipment (EUROCAE) Standards for Processing Aeronautical Data (ED76)

    European Aviation Safety Agency Airworthiness Approval and Operational Criteria for the use of Navigation Systems in European

    Airspace designated for Basic RNAV Operations (AMC 20-4)

    Recognition of FAA Order 8400.12a for RNP 10 Operations (AMC 20-12)

    Airworthiness Approval and Operational Criteria for RNP APPROACH (RNP APCH) Operations (AMC 20-26)

    Airworthiness Approval and Operational Criteria for RNP Authorization Required (RNP AR) Operations (AMC 20-27)

    Airworthiness Approval and Operational Criteria for RNAV GNSS approach operation to LPV minima using SBAS (AMC 20-28)

    Airborne Supplemental Navigation Equipment using the Global Positioning System (GPS) (ETSO-C129a)

    Airborne Navigation Sensors using the Global Positioning System (GPS) Augmented by the Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) (ETSO-C145)

    Stand-Alone Airborne Navigation Equipment using the Global Positioning System (GPS) Augmented by the Wide Area Augmentation System (WAAS) (ETSO-C146)

    Federal Aviation Agency Airworthiness Approval of Vertical Navigation (VNAV) Systems for use in the U.S. National

    Airspace system (NAS) and Alaska (AC 20-129)

  • iv

    Airworthiness Approval of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) Equipment (AC 20-138)

    Acceptance of Aeronautical Data Processes and Associated Databases (AC 20-153)

    Approval of US Operators and Aircraft to Operate under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) in European Airspace Designated for Basic Area Navigation (B-RNAV/RNAV 5 and Precision Area Navigation (P-RNAV) (AC 90-96)

    US Terminal and En-route Area Navigation (RNAV) Operations (AC 90-100)

    Approval Guidance for RNP Procedures with SAAAR (AC 90-101)

    Approval Guidance for RNP Operations and Barometric Vertical Navigation in the U.S. National Airspace System (AC 90-105)

    Guidance for Localizer Performance with Vertical Guidance and Localizer Performance without Vertical Guidance Approach operations in the US National Airspace System (AC 90-107)

    Required Navigation Performance 10 (RNP 10) Operational Authorization (Order 8400.12)

    Procedures for Obtaining Authorization for Required Navigation Performance 4 (RNP 4) Oceanic and Remote Area Operations (Order 8400.33)

    Distance Measuring Equipment (DME) Operating within the Radio Frequency Range of 960-1215 Megahertz (TSO-C66c)

    Airborne Supplemental Navigation Equipment using the Global Positioning System (GPS) (TSO-C129)

    Airborne Supplemental Navigation Equipment using the Global Positioning System (GPS) (TSO-C129a)

    Airborne Navigation Sensors using the Global Positioning System Augmented by the Satellite Based Augmentation System (TSO-C145)

    Stand-Alone Airborne Navigation Equipment using the Global Positioning System (GPS) Augmented by the Satellite Based Augmentation System (TSO-C146)

  • v

    ABBREVIATIONS AAIM Aircraft autonomous integrity monitoring AC Advisory circular AFM Aircraft flight manual AHRS Attitude and heading reference system AIP Aeronautical information publication AIRAC Aeronautical information regulation and control AMC Acceptable means of compliance AMM Aircraft maintenance manual ANPE Actual navigation performance error ANSP Air navigation service provider AOC Air operators certificate AP Auto pilot ARP Aerodrome reference point AS

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