People smuggling teacher resources

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A first year group assignment for students in the course EDC1200 at the University of Southern Queensland, Springfield, Australia. This powerpoint presentation is our response to the question "How might education mediate difference and dominance?"


  • 1. People Smuggling
    A Teachers Resource for Years 6-7
    By Amy McKay, Sky Robinson & Michelle Thompson

2. Introduction
Amy McKay
Sky Robinson
Michelle Thompson
3. Table of Contents
The Brief Overview
Teacher Resources/Learning Outcomes
Focus Question
The History of People Smuggling
The Process
The Journey
The Arrival/The Deaths
People Smugglers Motives
Arrivals by Sea and Air
Detention Centres
Teaching Suggestions
The Australian Curriculum
Brainstorming Map
Individual Brainstorming Map
Newspaper Article
Recommended Reading
4. How might education mediate difference and dominance?
By teaching students that difference is just that simply being different, and the world is an interesting place because of diversity
It is crucial to understand that no single ethnic group or person is better or more superior than any other
Tolerance is needed to stop racism from occurring
Society often portrays difference as less than by the hegemonic group, but difference does not mean deficit
5. Definitions
Asylum Seekers Individuals who have sought international protection and whose claims for refugee status have not yet been determined
Boat People A term used in the media and elsewhere to describe asylum seekers who arrive by boat or attempt to arrive by boat without authority to enter Australia
Displaced Persons People who flee their homes to escape conflict, violence, human rights abuses or other disasters (also known as forced migrants)
Detainee Someone who is detained or held prisoner, or in custody without trial
Deficit the amount by which a sum falls short
6. Definitions Continued
Diaspora a dispersion, as of people of common national origin or beliefs
Difference differing in character; having unlike qualities; dissimilar; separate or distinct
Diversity the state or fact of being diverse; difference; unlikeness
Dominance rule; control; authority
Hegemonic leadership or predominant group
Home a place of ones domestic affections; ones native own country; where one has a sense of belonging
Immigrate to pass or to come into a new habitat or place; to come into a country in which one is not a native for the purpose of permanent residence
7. Definitions Continued
Internally Displaced Persons People or groups of individuals who have been forced to leave their homes or places of habitual residence, or in order to avoid the effects of armed conflict, violence, violation of human rights or disasters of any type, and who have not crossed an international border
People smuggling/trafficking Recruiting, transporting, transferring, harbouring or receiving persons for the purpose of exploitation; by using or threatening force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, or abuse of power against them
Refugees Those recognised in accordance with the UNHCR Statute; individuals granted complementary forms of protection; or those enjoying temporary protection
Tolerance the disposition to be patient and fair towards those whose opinions or practices differ from ones own; the appreciation of diversity
UNHCR United Nations High Commission for Refugees (established in 1951 after the Vietnam War)
8. The History of People Smuggling
The First Wave
The first boat arrived in Darwin in April 1976, carrying five Indochinese men
Over the next five years, 2,059 Vietnamese boats arrived, with the last documented in August 1981
9. The History of People Smuggling
The Second Wave
The arrival of twenty-seven Indochinese asylum seekers in November 1981
During the following nine years, boats arrived at the rate of 300 per year mostly from Cambodia, Vietnam and southern China
10. The History of People Smuggling
The Third Wave
In 1999, asylum seekers (predominately from the Middle East), began to arrive often in larger numbers than previously and usually with the assistance of people smugglers
11. The Process

  • A basic, 18m wooden fishing boat is purchased.

12. A fake passport is obtained for $13,000 in Iran, and a one-way ticket to Jakarta is bought. 13. The asylum seekers are bundled into a black van, then driven to an isolated house in Bogorwhere they are left alone for up to 25 days (any mobiles are confiscated) and they are forced to hand over another $4,400 for the last leg of the trip.