pbn implementation project at greek (island) airports

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PBN implementation project at Greek (Island) airports. Anthony van der Veldt Assistant Director Safety, Operations & Infrastructure IATA, European Regional Office Brussels. PBN Benefits. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • PBN implementation project at Greek (Island) airports

    Anthony van der VeldtAssistant Director Safety, Operations & InfrastructureIATA, European Regional Office Brussels

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* PBN BenefitsThe full usage of the available on-board avionic PBN capabilities provides for the following safety and economic benefits:

    Reduce fuel consumption/ environmental impact by using stabilized approachesImprove safety by Simplifying and standardizing design and trainingReducing cockpit workloadReplacing Circling, NDB approaches (avoiding NPA) Enhance efficiency by shortening of routingsImprove continuity of airline operationsImprove access to runwaysLNAV/VNAV minima as low as, i.e. 250 ft AGL and above Less diversions

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring*Airline expectations PBN Approach Procedures

    Airlines are very much interested in PBN procedures: Implementing ICAO Resolution A37-11RNP APCH including APV BaroVNAV procedures acc. EASA AMC 20-27SBAS approaches not emphasized as most IATA members do not have such capability and will not invest either due to negative Business Case

    PBN offers RNP AR procedures to cope with mountainous terrainRNP AR APCH acc. EASA AMC 20-26RF-legs and RNP smaller than 0.3 (down to 0.1) (e.g. Airberlin has excellent experience at Innsbruck, ie. less diversions, less complex approach)RNP AR has stringent requirements for airline/crew, similar to ILS CATII/III

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* Eligible Airports for PBNAirport Number offlights 2011 Number of flights by Aircraft typesActual Nav Proc Heraklion 27.793A3: 5.303; AO: 4.892A320; RJ100, DHC8-400 VOR, DMEX3: 1.904; AB:1.038B737-8; A320

    Korfu 10.677A3: 2.212; AO:1.234A320, RJ100 DHC8400 VORAB: 918; X3: 611B737-8

    Kos 10.272OA: 2.496; A3:1.254DHC8; A320 VOR NDBX3: 951; AB 741B737-8

    Santorini 5.941OA: 2.026; A3: 1.776A320, DHC8-400 VOR/DME, NDBAB: 124B737-7/8

    Samos 4.321OA: 1.632; A3: 992A320, RJ800 VOR/DME, NDBAB: 355;

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* ATM Hurdles

    ConstraintsPossible impact on PBN implementationLack of specialised personnelTraining is required at all levels in HCAA for Instrument Procedure Designers, Air Traffic Controllers and Technical staffOld software Not able to deliver support for PBN proceduresAbsence of Digital Terrain Model of Greece as a cartographic source data Does not improve the accuracy of the data and the easiness of use and implementation of the software.

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring*

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* Aircraft NAV capabilitiesAir BerlinB737 700/800

    A319/320/321.

    Tuifly B737Olympic AirA319/320

    Q400 NG:Q400 - same as Q400 NGDash8-100

    Approved for PRNAVRNP APCH incl. BaroVNAV RNP ARCapable of: RFApproved for PRNAVRNP APCH incl. BaroVNAVCapable of: RF Approved for PRNAVRNP APCH incl. BaroVnavCapable of RFApproved for PRNAVCapable but not approved for RNP APCHCapable of RFApproved forPRNAVCapable but not approved for RNP APCH; Capable of RFApproved forNo PRNAVNo RNP APCHNo RF

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring*Airports Actual Minima HeraklionRWY 09 Min 0990 ft AGL CIRCRWY 27 Min 1020 ft AGL VORDME

    CorfuRWY 17 Min 1700 ft AGLCIRCRWY 35 Min 2000 ftAGLVORDME

    SantoriniRWY 14 Min 0510 ft AGL VORDMERWY 32 Min 0510 ft AGL VORDME

    RhodosRWY 07 Min 1090 ft AGL VORDME

    ThessalonikiRWY 34 Min 1280 ft AGL VORDMERWY 28 Min 1380 ft AGL CIRC

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* Summary Report 5 Apr 12 Meeting (2)

    Airport selection and PBN procedures:

    Heraklion (HER) and Korfu (CFU) airports were selected to start with and gain experience

    As a first priority RNP APCH (straight-in) procedure implementation was emphasized for HER RWY27 and CFU RWY35.

    Additionally, RNP AR procedures at HER RWY09 and CFU RWY17

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* Heraklion Heraklion (LGIR) the second busiest airport in Greece during summer

    PBNRWY27: RNP APCH Complement or replace existing straight-in VOR or NDB approachesStraight-in RNP APCH APV BaroVNAV approach (RNAV GNSS approach)

    RWY 09: RNP AR Approach procedure (only visual procedures are actually available)

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* CorfuActual situation / procedures Corfu (LGKR) has big percentageof diverted aircrafts due to weatherStraight in procedure starting from 9NM with an RNAV IAF. Most often visibility is good and a right hand visual pattern to RWY35 is flown east of the airport. West of the airport is not possible due to terrainMedium intensity approach lights of 500 m length, no runway center lights VOR Y approach chart, the landing minimum is 2000 ft AGL, due to the obstacles and the lateral inaccuracy of the VORObstacles near RWY17, i.e. antenna of 600ft height at only 500 m (0.25 NM) from the threshold. RWY 17: No approach lights, No RWY center line lights.Approach minimaare highly dependent on the available lighting, if no lighting to one RWY-end minima are high...Absence of centerline lights does not improve awareness during night approaches, the runway really appears as a black box in front of the pilot, making visual 3Dperception during approach and flare difficult.

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* CorfuPBN implementationRWY35: RNP APCH Complement or replace existing straight-in VOR or NDB approachesStraight in RNP APCH APV BaroVNAV approach (RNAV GNSS approach)RNP approach More precise lateral navigation (0.3 NM)Reduce landing minima . Thorough obstacle analysis is absolutely needed to provide for a optimum approach design and allow optimum identification of MDAs/DAs.

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* Corfu RWY 17: Draft RNP AR procedure design Replaces the visual circling to RWY17Includes RF-legs in the final approach segment, and turn radius is calculated / designed to provide for CAT D aircraft Procedure based on RNP 0.3Future lower RNP down to 0.1, improving obstacle clearance and leading to lower minimumsSuccessful Simulator Flight validation mandated by AMC 20-26 Missed Approach: as officially published (VOR A Circling).

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* Way forwardCreate road map

    Outlining the steps to be taken for RNP APCH (& AR) introduction at HER and CFU, incl.:

    Airline accountabilities, e.g . what is needed for pilot training, documentation, aircraft approval, cost benefit analysis, etc.

    Regulatory and ANSPs accountabilities, i.e. what/how needs to be proven and by whom.

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* Actions by HCAA:Establish PoCs accountable for PBN introduction Become familiar with AMC 20-27 RNP APCH Approval & CertificationLiaise with German regulator LBA to share experiencePBN software design should also be capable of RNP AR procedure designStart familiarization of ANSP management and ATCOs at HER and CFU by means of e.g. e-training; PBN courses etc.

    Actions by OA and A3Become familiar with AMC 20-27 requirements and prepare for approval for eligible fleetBecome familiar with PBN procedures for pilots by means of e-learning packages e.g. available with ICAO, IATA, EurocontrolLiaise with AB and A3 for sharing experience

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* IATA LIST PRNAV and RNP APCH

    StateAirportTMA/RunwaysAustriaVIEPRNAV SIDs/STARsBelgiumBRUPRNAV SIDs/STARsCzech RepublicPRGPRNAV SIDs/STARsDenmarkCPHPRNAV SIDs/STARsFinlandHELPRNAV SIDs/STARsOULPRNAV SIDs/STARsFranceCDGPRNAV SIDs/STARsLYSPRNAV SIDs/STARsNCEPRNAV SIDs/STARsNCEArr RWY22L/R

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* IATA LIST PRNAV and RNP APCH

    GermanyFRA Arr RWY25L/RDep 07L/RFRAPRNAV SIDs/STARsCGNPRNAV SIDs/STARsDUSPRNAV SIDs/STARsHAJPRNAV SIDs/STARsHAMPRNAV SIDs/STARsMUCPRNAV SIDs/STARsNUEPRNAV SIDs/STARsSTRPRNAV SIDs/STARs

    GreeceATHPRNAV SIDs/STARsCHQPRNAV SIDs/STARsHERPRNAV SIDs/STARs

    HungaryBUDPRNAV SIDs/STARsBUDDep 31L/R

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* IATA LIST PRNAV and RNP APCH

    IrelandDUB PRNAV SIDs/STARsItalyFCOPRNAV SIDs/STARsLINPRNAV SIDs/STARsMXPPRNAV SIDs/STARsBLQPRNAV SIDs/STARsCTAPRNAV SIDs/STARsLINRWY36 SIDs/STARsPMORWY 07 APV BaroVNAV BRIRWY 25 APV BaroVNAV AOYILS RWY22 APV BaroVNAV MXPDep RWY35L/RPSADep RWY 04L/RDesign Arr RWY 22L/R because there are noneVCEDep 04R

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* IATA LIST PRNAV and RNP APCH

    LuxembourgLUXPRNAV SIDs/STARsNetherlandsAMSPRNAV SIDs/STARsAMS APV APCH Arr RWY27 Dep RWY24, 36C, 18C NorwayOSLPRNAV SIDs/STARsSVGPRNAV SIDs/STARsTRDPRNAV SIDs/STARsPolandWAWPRNAV SIDs/STARsPortugalLISPRNAV SIDs/STARsRomaniasmall / medium airportsAPV APCH procedures

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* IATA LIST PRNAV and RNP APCH

    SpainMADPRNAV SIDs/STARsPMIPRNAV SIDs/STARsBCNPRNAV SIDs/STARsAGPPRNAV SIDs/STARsTFSPRNAV SIDs/STARsLPAPRNAV SIDs/STARsBCNDep RWY 25L/RMADDep RWY36L/RMADRNP APCH APV 33L/RSwedenARNPRNAV SIDs/STARsGOTPRNAV SIDs/STARsMMXPRNAV SIDs/STARsAGHPRNAV SIDs/STARsSwitzerlandGVAPRNAV SIDs/STARsZRHPRNAV SIDs/STARsZRH Dep RWY16

    RATF Meetring

  • BRU, 30 May 2012RATF Meetring* IATA LISTPRNAV and RNP APCH

    UKLHRPRNAV SIDs/STARsSTNPRNAV SIDs/STARsLTNPRNAV SIDs/STARsBHXPRNAV SIDs/STARsEDIPRNAV SIDs/STARsLGWPRNAV SIDs/STARsMANPRNAV SIDs/STARs

    RATF Meetring

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