Paving the Way to College for Students Experiencing Homelessness

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Paving the Way to College for Students Experiencing Homelessness. Christina Dukes - NCHE cdukes@serve.org Jennifer Martin NASFAA martinj@nasfaa.org Jan Moore NCHE jmoore@serve.org. About NASFAA. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>Christina Dukes - NCHEcdukes@serve.org Jennifer Martin NASFAAmartinj@nasfaa.orgJan Moore NCHEjmoore@serve.org PAVING THE WAY TO COLLEGE FOR STUDENTS EXPERIENCING HOMELESSNESS</p></li><li><p>The National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators (NASFAA) supports the training, diversity, and professional development of financial aid administrators; advocates for public policies and programs that increase student access to and success in postsecondary education; and serves as a forum for communication and collaboration on student financial aid issues.ABOUT NASFAA</p></li><li><p>What do you consider your current knowledge level to be regarding college access for homeless students?ExpertAverageBeginnerUmmm, whats college access?RAISE OF HANDS</p></li><li><p>Dealing with application expensesAdvanced Placement exam feesCollege entrance exam feesCollege application feesSeeking financial aid and scholarshipsThe FAFSA for accompanied homeless studentsThe FAFSA for unaccompanied homeless studentsPrivate scholarshipsState-specific opportunitiesOptions for undocumented homeless students</p><p>SESSION OUTLINE</p></li><li><p>Take Advanced Placement (AP) tests, if applicableTake college entrance exam(s) (SAT and/or ACT)Complete and submit college applicationsComplete and submit the FAFSAComplete and submit applications for private scholarshipsMore information is available from the College Board:Applying 101: https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/get-in/applyingFinancial Aid 101: https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/pay-for-college/financial-aid COLLEGE ADMISSIONS CHECKLIST</p></li><li><p>FEE WAIVERS</p></li><li><p>Most four-year colleges in the United States and colleges in more than 60 other countries give students credit, advanced placement, or both on the basis of AP Exam scores; howeverEach college or university is allowed to set its own policy as to which tests they will accept for credit, how much credit they will give, and what score is required to get credit.ADVANCED PLACEMENT (AP) EXAMS:</p></li><li><p>AP exam fee waivers are available for eligible students with no limit on the number of waivers per studentTo qualify for an AP exam fee waiver:The student receives or is eligible to receive free or reduced price lunch;The student's family receives TANF assistance; orThe student is eligible to receive medical assistance under the Medicaid programWaivers are administered at the school; speak with your schools AP CoordinatorADVANCED PLACEMENT (AP) EXAMS</p></li><li><p>A full AP exam waiver consists of:A federal contribution of $53/examA College Board contribution of $26/examA schools waiving of their $8/exam feeSome states may continue to charge a nominal feeMore information is available from the College Board:Fee reductions for AP Exams: http://professionals.collegeboard.com/testing/waivers/guidelines/ap2013 Details by State: AP Exam Fee Assistance: http://professionals.collegeboard.com/testing/ap/coordinate/details-state ADVANCED PLACEMENT (AP) EXAMS:</p></li><li><p>To qualify for an ACT fee waiver, the student:Must be enrolled in high school in the 11th or 12th gradeMust be a U.S. citizen (if testing abroad) or be testing in the U.S., Puerto Rico, or a U.S. territoryMust meet one or more of the following indicators of economic need:Student is receiving free/reduced lunchFamily income is below the USDA reduced-price lunch levelStudent is enrolled in TRIO or a similar programFamily lives in subsidized housing or receives public assistanceStudent is experiencing homelessnessStudent is living in a foster homeStudent is a ward of the state or is an orphanCOLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAM:THE ACT</p></li><li><p>Student can use the waiver to take the ACT up to two timesThe waiver is sent to high schools each summer; students must access the waiver from the school counselor, not from ACTThe waiver must be signed by the student and school counselorThe waiver covers the basic test fees, including sending the test score(s) to up to four colleges; does not cover late registration fees or change feesAdditional information is available at http://www.actstudent.org/faq/feewaiver.htmlA sample 2012/2013 fee waiver is available at http://media.act.org/documents/feewaiver.pdf COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAM:THE ACT</p></li><li><p>To qualify for an SAT fee waiver, the student must:Be enrolled in high school in the 11th or 12th grade (SAT) or in grades 9-12 (SAT Subject Tests)Be a U.S. citizen (if testing abroad) or be testing in the U.S., Puerto Rico, or a U.S. territoryMeet one or more of the following indicators of economic need (same as for the ACT)Student is receiving free/reduced lunchFamily income is below the USDA reduced-price lunch levelStudent is enrolled in TRIO or a similar programFamily lives in subsidized housing or receives public assistanceStudent is experiencing homelessnessStudent is living in a foster homeStudent is a ward of the state or is an orphanCOLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAM:THE SAT</p></li><li><p>The waiver must be obtained from the students high school counselor or an authorized agency, not from the College BoardTo be valid, the waiver must be completed by the high school guidance counselorThe student can receive up to four waiver cards: Up to 2 waivers for the SAT and 2 waivers for SAT Subject TestsCOLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAM:THE SAT</p></li><li><p>The waiver covers the basic test fees, including sending the test score(s) to up to four colleges; up to four Request for Waiver of College Application Fee forms, and a $40 discount for the Official SAT Online Course; does not cover late registration fees or change feesCollege application fee waivers should be included with the students college applications and sent to colleges included in the Directory of Colleges Cooperating with the SAT Program Fee-Waiver ServiceAdditional information is available at http://sat.collegeboard.org/register/sat-fee-waivers COLLEGE ENTRANCE EXAM:THE SAT</p></li><li><p>College Board program (mentioned on previous slide)National Association of College Admission Counseling (NACAC) formTo be completed with the help of the high school counselorFor graduating high school seniors entering college in the fallBased on income and/or the counselors knowledge of the familys circumstancesSame eligibility criteria as the ACT and SAT waiver programsAdditional information from the College Board: http://professionals.collegeboard.com/guidance/applications/fee-waiversAdditional information from NACAC: http://www.nacacnet.org/studentinfo/feewaiver/Pages/default.aspx COLLEGE APPLICATION FEES</p></li><li><p>Most colleges follow the College Boards and NACACs guidelines for determining application fee waiver eligibility; however, individual institutions may have their own fee waiver policies that varySome colleges do not charge application fees for students that apply onlineNCHE does not recommend using McKinney-Vento subgrant funds or Title IA set-aside funds to pay for AP exam, college entrance exam, or college application fees, as waivers are availableCOLLEGE APPLICATION FEES</p></li><li><p>QUESTIONS?</p></li><li><p>THE FAFSA</p></li><li><p>RAISE OF HANDSDescribe your experience working with unaccompanied homeless youth (UHY) to access federal financial aid?I have worked with UHY; our efforts were successfulI have worked with UHY; our efforts were met with resistanceI have not yet worked with UHY on financial aid issuesUmmm, whats an UHY?</p></li><li><p>FAFSA = Free Application for Federal Student AidThe official FAFSA web address is http://www.fafsa.gov Students applying for federal aid must complete a FAFSA for each school year for which they are seeking federal aidFAFSA BASICS</p></li><li><p>A new FAFSA is released each January for the upcoming school yearExample: 2013-2014 FAFSAReleased in January 2013Valid for students attending school for Fall 2013 and Spring 2014Treatment of the Summer term depends on the schoolFAFSA BASICS</p></li><li><p>EFC = Expected Family ContributionBased on the information submitted on the FAFSA, the U.S. Department of Education will calculate the EFCDependent StudentMust report parent information on FAFSAEFC is based on parents and students income and assetsIndependent StudentDoes NOT report parent information on FAFSAEFC is based on students income and assetsCALCULATION OF FEDERAL AID</p></li><li><p>Accompanied students experiencing homelessness fill out the FAFSA as dependent studentsLiving arrangement meets the M-V definition of homelessIn the physical custody of a parent or guardianMCKINNEY-VENTO STUDENTS:DEPENDENT OR INDEPENDENT?</p></li><li><p>Unaccompanied youth experiencing homelessness or at risk of homelessness fill out the FAFSA as independent studentsLiving arrangement meets the M-V definition of homelessNot in the physical custody of a parent or guardian21 or younger or still enrolled in high school on the date he/she signs the FAFSAAt risk of homelessness: when a students housing may cease to be fixed, regular, and adequate, for example, a student who is being evicted and has been unable to find fixed, regular, and adequate housing.MCKINNEY-VENTO STUDENTS:DEPENDENT OR INDEPENDENT?</p></li><li><p>Provide information on parent income and assets and their own income and assetsNeed parent signatureThe EFC is based on family income and assets; as such, even though they fill out the FAFSA as dependent students, homeless students from low-income families will likely qualify for a beneficial aid packageExample: The EFC Formula, 2013-2014 explains that, under certain circumstances, students qualify for an automatic $0 EFC, including students who received free school meals in 2011 or 2012, and whose parents 2012 income is less than $24,000 http://ifap.ed.gov/efcformulaguide/attachments/091312EFCFormulaGuide1314.pdf ACCOMPANIED HOMELESS STUDENTS AND THE FAFSA</p></li><li><p>Do not need to provide information on parental income and assetsDo not need a parental signatureDo provide information on their own income and assetsIndependent status is not equivalent to free tuition; however, the EFC is calculated proportional to what the student can provide based on his/her resourcesUNACCOMPANIED HOMELESS STUDENTS AND THE FAFSA</p></li><li><p>Independent if ANY of these are true:Married24 years oldVeteran or on active dutyGraduate studentHas a legal dependent (child/other)Orphan/Ward of the court/In a legal guardianshipLegally emancipated minorIn foster care at age 13 or olderUnaccompanied homeless youthIndependent by professional judgment or dependency override as determined by the Financial Aid Administrator (FAA)CLASSIFICATION AS INDEPENDENT</p></li><li><p>Local homeless education liaison; for students graduating from high school who were identified as an UHY while in high school (contact your State Coordinator for Homeless Education for liaison contact information)U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) shelter director or designee; for students who have received servicesRunaway and Homeless Youth Act (RHYA) shelter director or designee; for students who have received servicesFinancial Aid Administrator (FAA); for any student, but particularly those who cannot get a determination from one of the other three authorized partiesDETERMINERS OF INDEPENDENT STATUS FOR UHY</p></li><li><p>2012-2013 APPLICATION AND VERIFICATION GUIDEUpdated Application and Verification Guide (AVG) released in March 2012Student can use the colleges administrative address as his/her mailing addressYouth = 21 or younger or still enrolled in high school on the date he/she signs the FAFSAAges 22-23 = need a dependency override for independent statusAge 24 or older is automatic independent status</p></li><li><p>THE ROLE OF THE FAAACCORDING TO THE AVGIf a student does not have, and cannot get, a determination from a local liaison, RHYA provider, or HUD provider, a financial aid administrator must make a determination of unaccompanied homeless youth statusIf a student meets the definition of UHY, this is not an exercise of professional judgment or a dependency override; this is determining the independent student status of an unaccompanied homeless youthIn instances where a student doesnt meet the definition of UHY but there are other extenuating circumstances, a dependency override or exercise of professional judgment may be appropriate</p></li><li><p>FAA DETERMINATION OFSTUDENT STATUSVerification of yes answers on the FAFSA is not required unless there is conflicting informationPermits a FAA to determine a students status with a documented interview</p></li><li><p>FAA DETERMINATION OFSTUDENT STATUSEncourages discretion and sensitivity when gathering informationSome information may be confidential (e.g., protected by doctor-patient privilege)Child welfare and/or law enforcement reports are not necessaryRecommends consulting with local liaisons, State Coordinators, NCHE, school counselors, clergy, etc.Eligibility determinations may be appealed to the school or the U.S. Department of Education</p></li><li><p>2013-2014 ONLINE FAFSA</p></li><li><p>2013-2014 ONLINE FAFSA</p></li><li><p>2013-2014 PDF/PAPER FAFSA</p></li><li><p> NOTES FROM THE2013-2014 PDF/PAPER FAFSA</p></li><li><p>NAEHCY Template (Unaccompanied Homeless Youth Documentation of Independent Student Status for the FAFSA) available at http://www.naehcy.org/sites/default/files/images/dl/uy_fafsa_verif_12.docNCHE/NAEHCY FAA Tool (Making Student Status Determinations for Unaccompanied Homeless Youth: Eligibility Tool for Financial Aid Administrators) available at http://center.serve.org/nche/downloads/faa_det_tool.pdf TOOLS</p></li><li><p>QUESTIONS?</p></li><li><p>SCHOLARSHIPS,STATE RESOURCES,UNDOCUMENTED STUDENTS</p></li><li><p>Check with the high schools guidance counselor for a list of private scholarships available to area studentsThe LeTendre Education Fund Scholarship: http://www.naehcy.org/letendre-scholarship-fund/about-the-fundGive Us Your Poor/Horatio Alger Scholarship: https://www.horatioalger.org/scholarships/PRIVATE SCHOLARSHIPS</p></li><li><p>Free scholarship search engines:Fastweb!: http://www.fastweb.com/ College Board: https://bigfuture.collegeboard.org/scholarship-search U.S. Department of Education: http://studentaid.ed.gov/types/grants-scholarships/finding-scholarships (includes scholarship search tips and guidelines)PRIVATE SCHOLARSHIPS</p></li><li><p>Some states have special provisions available for low-income and/or homeless students:Indiana Students receiving free lunch receive a tuition waiver when participating in Indianas Double Up Program (dual enrollment in college courses for students in 11th and 12th grade) http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title21/ar14/ch8.htmlIndiana Twenty-First Century Scholars Program - Income-eligible 7th and 8th graders who enroll in the program and fulfill a pledge of good citizenship are guaranteed to receive up to four years of undergraduate tuition at any participating public college or university in Indiana http://www.scholars.in.gov STATE RESOURCES</p></li><li><p>Florida Homeless students are exempt from the payment of tuition and fees, including lab fees, at a school district that provides postsecondary career programs, community college, or state university (2011 F.S. 1009.25); Florida statute establishes the definition of homeless used http://www.leg.state.fl.us/Statutes/index.cfm?App_mode=Display_Statute&amp;Search_String=&amp;URL=1000-1099/1009/Sections/1009.25.htmlLook for resources in your state!STATE RESOURCES</p></li><li><p>Encourage the student to consider a variety of institutions with different price pointsA student may not be able to afford a particular institution, but other good col...</p></li></ul>

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