patrick ten brink of ieep teeb water and wetlands introduction 15 june 2012

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Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Water and Wetlands introduction 15 june 2012 presentation at Rio+20

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  • 1.The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Water and WetlandsA contribution to Rio + 20Patrick ten BrinkTEEB for Policy Makers Co-ordinatorHead of Brussels OfficeInstitute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) TEEB for Water and Wetlands side event13:30 to 15:00 Pavilion 3, Room 6Rio de Janeiro, 15th June 2012

2. TEEB For Water and WetlandsPresentation overview 1. TEEB & The TEEB for Water andWetlands Project 2. Water and wetlands: what benefitsdo we derive and what do we risklosing? 3. Measuring to manage better 4. Integrating the values of water andwetlands into decision making 5. Working recommendations:Transforming our approach to waterand wetlands 6. Next Steps & Panel questions 3. TEEBs Genesis, Aims and progress G8+5 Potsdam Initiative Biological Diversity 2010Potsdam 1) The economic significance of the global loss of biological diversity Importance of recognising, demonstrating & responding to values of natureEngagement: ~500 authors, reviewers & cases from across the globeTEEB End User Reports Brussels Interim Climate TEEB W&W2009, London 2010 TEEB Report Issues UpdateNature & GE TEEB Books TEEB Oceans SynthesisEcol./Env.Economicsliterature CBD COP 9Input to Bonn 2008UNFCCC 2009 India, Brazil, Belgium,Japan & South Africa Sept. 2010 TEEB studiesThe Netherlands,BD COP 10 Germany, Nordics, Nagoya, Oct 2010Norway, India, Brazil 4. TEEB For Water and WetlandsCritical issues The nexus among water, food and energy has been recognised as one of the most fundamental relationshipsand challenges for society. Biodiversity and particularly wetland ecosystems are increasingly understood to be at the core of this nexus. Indeed water and wetlands are the foundation of the economic and environmental wellbeing of humanity across the globe. 5. TEEB For Water and Wetlands I believe that the great part of miseries of mankind arebrought upon them by false estimates they have made ofthe value of things. Benjamin Franklin, 1706-1790"We are living in a water bubble as unsustainable and fragile asthat which precipitated the collapse in global financial markets",concluding that "We are now on the verge of water bankruptcy"2009 World Economic Forum 6. TEEB For Water and WetlandsCritical issues the need to appreciate the values of W&WThe value of biodiversity and ecosystem services are not fully reflected in themarkets, in price signals, policies and investment decisions Decision making (at company, policy & citizen level) still too often fails to take into account the local to global benefits, contributing to a loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Assessing ecosystem service benefits (and links to biodiversity andecosystem functions) and identifying who benefits from what natural capitalis critical for policy focus, interest and instrument choice, design andimplementation. There is a need to improve the economic signals to help take the values of nature into account in positive incentives and in reforming incentives harmful to the environment as well as regulatory and governance solutions. This requires action at all governance levels + mainstreaming natures values. There is a need to assess, demonstrate and communicate both the intrinsic value of nature and the wide range of benefits provided to people, society and the economy 7. TEEB Water and Wetlands project Aim to demonstrate the multiple benefits of water and wetlands Communicate the values - at Rio+20,Ramsar COP11 (Bucharest, July 2012), IUCNWorld Congress (Jeju, September 2012) andCBD COP11 (Hyderabad, October 2012) Engage wider community to share evidence on the multiple values of W&S Engage with decision makers - to understand what instruments can respond to the value of W&W Stimulate research and commitment to action 8. TEEB For Water and Wetlands1. TEEB & The TEEB for Water and Wetlands Project2. Water and wetlands: what benefits do we derive and what do we risk losing?3. Measuring to manage better4. Integrating the values of water and wetlands into decision making5. Working recommendations: Transforming our approach to water and wetlands6. Next Steps & Panel questions 9. 2. Wetlands & ecosystem services Water and wetland related ecosystem services (ESS) Water services essential for wellbeing, society, economy Wetlands essential for the water cycle Meeting sustainable water management objectivescost effectively via Wetlands ecosystem services. Ecosystem services from Wetlands multiplebenefits Impacts of wetlands degradation on human well-being and biodiversity Q: What are the key benefits of water and wetlands? And which are easier or more difficult to demonstrate?Despite their benefits, the loss of wetlands continues Q: What do you see as the main threats to water andwetlands (including coastal areas)? Are there particular ecosystems which are at greatest risks? 10. Evidence base - Assessing values and actionsAssessing the value of working with natural capital has helped determine whereecosystems can provide goods and services at lower cost than by man-madetechnological alternatives and where they can lead to significant savings USA-NY: Catskills-Delaware watershed for NY: PES/working with nature saves money (~5US$bn) New Zealand: Te Papanui Park - water supply to hydropower, Dunedin city, farmers (~$136m) Mexico: PSAH to forest owners, aquifer recharge, water quality, deforestation, poverty (~US$303m) France & Belgium: Priv. Sector: Vittel (Mineral water) PES & Rochefort (Beer) PES for water quality Venezuela: PA helps avoid potential replacement costs of hydro dams (~US$90-$134m over 30yr) Vietnam restoring/investing in Mangroves - cheaper than dyke maintenance (~US$: 1m to 7m/yr) South Africa: WfW public PES to address IAS, avoids costs and provides jobs (~20,000; 52%) Germany : peatland restoration: avoidance cost of CO2 ~ 8 to 12 /t CO2 (0-4 alt. land use)Critical to assess where working with nature saves money for public (city, region,national), private sector, communities and citizens & who can make it happenSources: various. Mainly in TEEB for National and International Policy Makers, TEEB for local and regional policy and TEEB cases 11. TEEB For Water and Wetlands1. TEEB & The TEEB for Water and Wetlands Project2. Water and wetlands: what benefits do we derive and what do we risk losing?3. Measuring to manage better4. Integrating the values of water and wetlands into decision making5. Working recommendations: Transforming our approach to water and wetlands6. Next Steps & Panel questions 12. TEEB For Water and Wetlands3 Measuring to manage better A diverse range of tools help identify, demonstrate and take account of the benefits of water and wetlandsStrategic Plan 2011-2020 Aichi Target 2: By Bio-physical assessments2020, at the latest, biodiversity values have Measurement and indicators been integrated into national and local Mapping the interrelationships development and poverty reductionstrategies and planning processes and are Assessing the value of naturebeing incorporated into national accounting, Plurality of toolsas appropriate, and reporting systems. Mix of economic and non economic Natural capital and environmental-economic accounts (SEEA, WAVES et al) Need a culture of assessment and seeing the whole picture Useful to have mix of qualitative, quantitative and monetary insightsQ: Are you aware of any initiatives to improve the measurement of the contributions of wetland ecosystems to society and the economy ? Q: Are these initiatives being linked to NBSAP revision efforts? 13. Taking account of public goods can change what is the right decision on land/resource useUS$ Based only on private gain, the trade- Shrimp Farm/ha/yr off choice favours conversion..Mangroves $12,392/ha 10000 $9632/haAfterAdding StormPublic protection 5000 BenefitsFrommangroves $1220/haFishery$584/hanursery$584/ha private profitsprivate private0 profits profits Net of publiclesscosts ofsubsidies restorationneeded If public wealth is included, the trade-off after 5 years choice changes completely..Important that investment / permit / subsidy choices -ve $11,172/ha take into account the whole picture of the benefitsSource: Barbier et al, 2007 14. TEEB For Water and WetlandsValuation of ESS from Kampala wetlands, UgandaServices provided by the Nakivubo swamp include natural water purification andtreatment & supporting small-scale income activities of poorer communitiesProblem recognition: Plans to drain the Nakivubo Swamp (>40sqkm) for agriculture Waste water treatment capacity of the swamp was assessed (Emerton 2004)Assessment: Maintaining the wetlands: ~235.000$ p.a.Running a sewage treatment facility of equivalent capacity: ~2Mio. US$ p.a.Policy Solution: draining plans abandoned & Nakivubo Swamps designated as PASources: TEEBCases for TEEB for local and regional policyRecognising and demonstrating the values again critical for decision making. Capacity support . 15. TEEB For Water and Wetlands1. TEEB & The TEEB for Water and Wetlands Project2. Water and wetlands: what benefits do we derive and what do we risk losing?3. Measuring to manage better4. Integrating the values of water and wetlands into decision making5. Working recommendations: Transforming our approach to water and wetlands6. Next Steps & Panel questions 16. TEEB For Water and Wetlands 4. Integrating the values of water and wetlands into decision making Policy synergies: Working with nature can be a cost effective way of meeting arange of policy, business and private objectives. water security (see above) and food and energy security (ensuring water securityfor agriculture and energy production), poverty alleviation and meeting sustainabledevelopment goals collectively. Integrated decision making : valuable tools to respond to the value ofnature Spatial planning and regulation Target 3: By 2020, at the latest, incentives, including subsidies, harmful to biodiv

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