patrick ten brink of ieep teeb implementation at belgian presidency event charleroi 14 dec 2010

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Patrick ten Brink of IEEP TEEB Implementation at Belgian Presidency event Charleroi 14 Dec 2010

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  • 1. TEEB Implementation: How to implement the results of TEEB (The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity), especially with regard to businesses, local players and citizens Patrick ten Brink TEEB for Policy Makers Co-ordinator Head of Brussels Office Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) Closing the International Year of Biodiversity 2010:How to better understand and communicate the socio-economic value of Biodiversity A green future and benefits for everyone - Biodiversity and social responsibility 14 December 2010, Bois du Cazier, Charleroi (Marcinelle) Belgium 1
  • 2. Presentation overview Part A: TEEB Overview / Evidence Base & link to the CBD Strategic Plan Part B: TEEB Implementation / shared responsibility and communication at different levels Local/regional Business Citizens Part C: Next Steps
  • 3. TEEBs Genesis and steps, communicating the global evidence base to different audiences TEEB results / contributions : Evidence base and awareness - of urgency/opportunity, values/costs, solutions - widened audience Tools , methods and approaches Recommendations for action at all levels Sweden Sept. 2009 Engaged global network (ongoing) Brussels 13 Nov 2009 London India, Brazil, July 2009 Belgium, Japan & SATEEB Interim Sept. 2010Report @ CBD COP-9, Bonn, May 2008 National International Policy Makers Business Local and All regional authorities / teeb4me policy makers Citizens
  • 4. Presentation overview CBD COP 10 Nagoya: Strategic Plan 2011-20 5 strategic goals & 20 headline targets .extracts Value of biodiversity specific focus of some SP targetsTarget 1: people aware of the values of biodiversity ..Target 2: . biodiversity values have been integrated .into strategies planning national accounting. reporting systems.Strategic goal D: Enhance the benefits to all from biodiversity and ecosystem servicesTarget 14: ecosystems that provide essential services. restored and safeguardedTarget 15: contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks has been enhancedNagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization;Evidence on values of biodiversity can also support most other targetse.g. On sustainable fisheries, agriculture, forestry, sustainable use TEEB implementation should contribute to the `Strategic Plan realisation`
  • 5. Evidence base - Assessing values and actionsAssessing the value of working with natural capital has helped determine whereecosystems can provide goods and services at lower cost than by man-madetechnological alternatives and where they can lead to significant savings USA-NY: Catskills-Delaware watershed for NY: PES/working with nature saves money (~5US$bn) New Zealand: Te Papanui Park - water supply to hydropower, Dunedin city, farmers (~$136m) Mexico: PSAH to forest owners, aquifer recharge, water quality, deforestation, poverty (~US$303m) France & Belgium: Priv. Sector: Vittel (Mineral water) PES & Rochefort (Beer) PES for water qualityVenezuela: PA helps avoid potential replacement costs of hydro dams (~US$90-$134m over 30yr) Vietnam restoring/investing in Mangroves - cheaper than dyke maintenance (~US$: 1m to 7m/yr) South Africa: WfW public PES to address IAS, avoids costs and provides jobs (~20,000; 52%) Germany : peatland restoration: avoidance cost of CO2 ~ 8 to 12 /t CO2 (0-4 alt. land use) TEEB implementation: assess where working with nature saves money for public (city, region, national), private sector, communities and citizens & who, with which collaboration/partnerships can make it happenSources: various. Mainly in TEEB for National and International Policy Makers, TEEB for local and regional policy and TEEB cases
  • 6. Beneficiaries: Public sector (e.g. water national & municipalities), Public goods (e.g forests, biodiversity, climate), Private sector (e.g. water, beer, energy, agriculture), Citizens (e.g. water quantity, quality, price, security) and Communities (e.g. payments, livelihoods/jobs, ecological assets & GDP of the poor)Decisions: conservation / restoration investment, PES / public programmes, protected areasPolicy synergies: Water availability/quantity, quality, Climate - mitigation (green carbon) and (ecosystem based) adaptation to CC Job creation and livelihoods Security - natural hazards (e.g. flooding), water, energy Finances - public sector budget savings (Nat. govt, public services, municipalities) Industrial policy energy, water, forestry, agriculture... Consumer affordability Poverty and in each case : biodiversity. TEEB implementation: understand beneficiaries, appreciate synergies build on both
  • 7. Valuation and policy making: from valuing natural assets to decisionsPart A: SummaryAssessing the value of nature improves the evidence base for decisions public(global, multi-country, national, regional, local), private and community/citizen.Qualitative, quantitative, spatial and monetary analysis each have a roleHas proven to be useful for investment decisions, permit decisions,encouraging support (political and public) for action, helped in instrumentchoice, design, political and legal launch and implementation.The whole picture of benefits and costs needto be appreciated the here and now, theover there and over time, the private andpublicAs do the range of responsibilities, interestsand opportunities of the players is this enough to work out what to do and achieve results ? always better to look at the whole board and engage the right combination of players for each job
  • 8. Global Issues, Regional solutions: Assessing value of nature-based CC mitigation drainage of 930,000 ha peatlands in Germany for agriculture cause emissions of 20 Mio. t of CO2-eq. per year total damage of these emissions amounts to ~1.4 billion peatland restoration: low cost and biodiversity friendly mitigation option Mecklenburg-Vorpommern project 2000-2008 Restoration of 30,000 ha (10%) Emission savings of up to 300,000 t CO2-eq. CO2 Avoidance cost of 8 to 12 / t CO2 if alternative land use options are realized (extensive grazing, reed production or alder forest) costs decrease to 0 to 4 / t CO2 Restored peatland in Trebeltal 2007Source: Federal Environmental Agency 2007; MLUV MV 2009; Schfer 2009 Foto: D. Zak, http://www.fv-berlin.de
  • 9. Cities & assessing Multiple Benefits City of Toronto Estimating the value of the Greenbelt for the City of Toronto The greenbelt around Toronto offers $ 2.7 billion worth of non-market ecological services with an average value of $ 3, 571 / ha. Implication re: future management of the greater city area ? Ecosystem Annual Value Valuation Benefits (2005, CDN $) Carbon Values 366 million Air Protection Values 69 million Watershed Values 409 million Pollination Values 360 million Biodiversity Value 98 million Recreation Value 95 million Agricultural Land 329 million ValueSource: Wilson, S. J. (2008)Map: http://greenbeltalliance.ca/images/Greebelt_2_update.jpg
  • 10. Regional/local authorities: taking account of public goods inland use planning, authorisations US$ Based only on private gain, the trade-