patrick ten brink of ieep business and biodiversity teeb enca presentation

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Patrick ten Brink of IEEP Business and Biodiversity TEEB ENCA presentation 24 September 2012


  • 1. Business and Biodiversity: Opportunities, conflicts and ways forward Patrick ten BrinkHead of Brussels Office; Head of Environmental Economics Programme Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) Building on joint paper with AJ McConville Block 3: EU Policy approach to Integrate biodiversity and business 11th Plenary Meeting of the European Network of Heads of Nature Conservation Agencies 23-25 September 2012, Brussels, Belgium
  • 2. Presentation overviewBusiness & Biodiversity: Opportunities, conflicts & ways forward1. Context2. Reasons to engage business with biodiversity3. Potential conflicts, potential synergies4. The Values of Nature an opportunity for a new paradigm5. Business Commitments & recommendations6. Public authorities roles vis--vis business and biodiversity
  • 3. I believe that the great part of miseries of mankind are brought upon them by false estimates they have made of the value of things. Benjamin Franklin, 1706-1790 There is a renaissance underway, in which people are waking up to the tremendous values of natural capital and devising ingenious ways of incorporating these values into major resource decisions. Gretchen Daily, Stanford University
  • 4. TEEBs Genesis and Developments TEEB End User Nature & Green Economy Reports Brussels TEEB Water & Wetlands Interim Climate TEEB Oceans 2009, London 2010 Report Issues Update TEEB TEEB Synthesis BooksEcol./Env.Economics CBD COP 9 Input toliterature Bonn 2008 UNFCCC 2009 India, Brazil, Belgium, Japan & South Africa TEEB studies Sept. 2010 The Netherlands, Germany, Nordics, BD COP 10 Norway, India, Brazil, Nagoya, Oct 2010 South-East Asia
  • 5. From (policy) drivers to impacts to values Range of data and Already useful and indicators evolving range of tools Source: Adapted from Braat and ten Brink et al (2008) Natural capital accounts Reporting / accounts Understanding data & interactions helps policy decisions SEEA
  • 6. From Biodiversity loss to an alternative development path Opportunities/benefits of ESS No net loss from 2010 level Past loss/ Investment in natural capital +ve degradation change Halting biodiversity loss ` Slow biodiversity Regulation loss Better governance Economic signals : PES, REDD, ABS (to reward benefits) Charges, taxes, fines (to avoid degradation/damage: Alternative natural capital Subsidy reform right signals for policy) Sustainable consumption (eg reduced meat) Markets, Development path certification/logos & GPP Agricultural innovation Investment in natural capital: Green infrastructure Predicted future loss of natural capital Restoration (schematic) with no additional policy action PAs Today 2020 2050 Need multi-level governance & engagement (government, business, communities, citizens) & integration. Cannot address biodiversity loss with business action to reduce their impacts and invest in solutions
  • 7. Reasons to Engage Business with BiodiversityBusiness has direct and indirect impacts on biodiversity Public interest: biodiversity & public goods / ecosystem services Business own interest: via liabilities (e.g. re fines/compensation) and the bottom line; reputation/brand impacts, license to operateBusinesses depend upon biodiversity & ecosystem services Water provision to agriculture, forestry, water sector, food and beverage and as an input to production for wide range of other sectors Genetic materials for pharmaceuticals and cropsEcosystem change creates business risks & opportunities Risks: reduced water availability and agricultural production, energy output Fisheries impacts due to invasive jellyfish species or eutrophication events Opportunities: new products (certified wood, fish) and markets (e.g. carbon, water and wetland banking, PES)The inter-connections / feedback loops need to be understood, as does the value of nature to business
  • 8. Eutrophication : Damage to Biodiversity, reducing publicgoods, and also others private benefits Since 60s -Eutrophication causeddead-zones:Regularly ~405 coastal dead- zones
  • 9. Undermining sectors own interestsFisheries subsidies ~ US$30-34 bn/yr: only ~7bn good, 20bn badFigure: State of exploitation of selected stock / species groups, 2004 28% over-exploited, 52% fully exploited, remaining 20% moderately exploited or underexploited (some low margin/uneconomic) (FAO 2006 and FAO 2008)
  • 10. Potential conflicts, potential synergiesPotential Conflicts of interest /trade-offs Intense agriculture: eutrophication, pesticides in water, soil quality loss Mining: pollution impacts on water quality, biodiversity , on other sectors (e.g. water companies, food and beverage) Forestry: monocultures, biodiversity loss, invasive species, ecosystem service loss Transport infrastructure and fragmentation High level of water abstraction reducing water table and availability for others,Potential Synergies / win-wins High nature value farming; farming and natural pollinators Water provisioning / purification & watershed protection, land management, restoration Tourism and protected areas The private optimum will often differ from public optimum; What conflicts and synergies do you see?
  • 11. Taking account of public goods US$ Based only on private gain, the trade- Shrimp Farm /ha/yr off choice favours conversion.. Mangroves $12,392/ha10000 $9632/ha After Adding Storm Public protection5000 Benefits From mangroves $1220/ha Fishery $584/ha nursery $584/ha private