part five chapter 16: renaissance - fin rev-0...renaissance covering the period from roughly 1400 to...

Download PART FIVE Chapter 16: Renaissance - fin rev-0...Renaissance Covering the period from roughly 1400 to 1600, Renaissance means “rebirth”. It refers to the revival of interest in

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  • PART FIVE

    Chapter 16: Renaissance

    Key Styles for this chapter include:

    Early Renaissance

    High Renaissance

    Northern Renaissance

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

  • Key Terms for this chapter include: oil painting: sfumato and chiaroscuro

    linear and atmospheric perspective

    humanist

    Plato and Neo-Platonism

    art patron

    Medici family

    academy

    Mannerism

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

  • Renaissance

    Covering the period from roughly

    1400 to 1600, Renaissance means

    rebirth. It refers to the revival of

    interest in ancient Greek and Roman

    culture. This interest is one of the key

    characteristics of the period.

    The new and very rich merchant class

    joined nobility and clergy as art patrons.

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

  • Renaissance

    Artists were learned persons whose creative powers were viewed as almost miraculous. They were considered a breed apart because of their abilities, and they transcended social class.

    Painting, sculpture, and architecture were held as intellectual activities allied with mathematics, science, and poetry.

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

  • Renaissance

    Influenced by the Greek philosopher Plato, beauty became equated with moral goodness. Renaissance artists sought an idealized beauty.

    Humankind was viewed as Gods finest and most perfect creation.

    Reason and creativity were considered Gods gifts.

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

  • Renaissance Artists worked to reproduce the natural world as accurately

    as possible.

    Studying the effects of light, they developed the technique of chiaroscuro.

    Noting that distant objects appeared smaller than near ones, they developed the system of linear perspective.

    Seeing how detail and color blurred with distance, they developed the principles of atmospheric perspective.

    Artists studied anatomy, even dissecting cadavers, to fully understand the human form.

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

    Insert visual(s).

    Suggestions:

    16.2 The Story of Jacob and Esau

    16.3 Trinity with the Virgin, St. John the Evangelist, and Donors

  • Early Renaissance

    The Early Renaissance is characterized by

    the work of artists like Donatello, Ghiberti,

    Masaccio and Botticelli.

    Donatello: A sculptor; used the body as the

    framework on which the fabric draped.

    Sculptors created full-scale clay models of nude

    figures, then draped clay-soaked linen over the clay

    models to create garments. This model was then

    copied in marble.

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

    Insert visual(s).

    Suggestion:

    16.1 St. Mark

  • *St. Mark, Donatello, 1411-13, 79, marble.

  • Early Renaissance

    Ghiberti: Designed the baptistry doors for

    the Florence cathedral; his great

    innovation was the use of architecture and

    figures on the same scale in his work.

    Masaccio: A painter; used the new

    technique of linear perspective to create

    deep, convincing architectural space within

    his work; used a triangular composition

    symbolic of the Godhead. 2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

  • Left Trinity with the Virgin, St John the Evangelist, & Donors,

    Massacio, fresco, 1425

    Right The Story of Jacob and Esau, Lorenzo Ghiberti, 1435

  • Early Renaissance

    Botticelli: A painter; worked for the Medici

    family who commissioned secular artwork.

    Medicis: A wealthy merchant class family who

    were art patrons; they sponsored an Academy

    (discussion group) where humanist scholars and

    artists met to discuss Classical culture and its

    relationship to Christianity. These two combined

    systems of thought created a philosophy known

    as Neo-Platonism.

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

    Insert visual(s).

    Suggestion: 16.6 The Birth of Venus

  • *The Birth of Venus, Botticelli, tempera, 1480

    Commissioned by Medici family who also sponsored an Academy. Venus (Roman

    goddess of love and beauty) born from sea and is depicted on shell. Wind god Zephyr

    blow her toward shore where figure (Spring) awaits to cloth her. Modeled after Greek

    (Roman copy) Venus de Milo. In Neo-Platonic thought, Venus is associated with Mary.

    Birth of water relates to baptism of Christ by John the Baptist.

  • High Renaissance

    The High Renaissance lasted for about 25

    years ending around 1520. The most

    outstanding and recognized artists of this

    period are:

    Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo

    Other well-known artists include Raphael, Titian,

    and Giorgione.

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

    Insert visual(s).

    Suggestions:

    5.21 Study of Human Proportions

    16.8 David

  • High Renaissance

    Leonardo da Vinci

    Embodies the term Renaissance man; many

    consider him to have been the greatest genius

    who ever lived.

    A painter, inventor, sculptor, architect, engineer,

    scientist, musician.

    Left many works uncompleted.

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

  • Study of Human Proportions, Vitruvian

    Man, da Vinci

    http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=j4f8GL_08l8_NM&tbnid=k_o0w0hjX2OxOM:&ved=0CAgQjRwwAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fmilan.milanovic.org%2Fmath%2Fenglish%2Fgold%2Fpages%2F06.Study%2520of%2520Human%2520Proportions%2520According%2520to%2520Vitruvious.html&ei=iN1qUaixGKm5ygHV-4HAAw&psig=AFQjCNGQ_30diV295ULfGiNkDpppsH7aNg&ust=1366044424466082

  • High Renaissance

    Leonardo da Vinci

    The Mona Lisa and The Last Supper are

    his most famous works.

    Sfumato: Italian for smoke; Leonardos

    specialty; a layering of translucent glazes

    producing a hazy atmosphere, softened

    contours, and velvet shadows.

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

    Insert visual(s).

    Suggestions:

    2.4 Mona Lisa

    4.45 Last Supper

  • *Mona Lisa, Leonardo da Vinci, 1503-05

  • Virgin and Saint Anne, Leonardo

    da Vinci, Charcoal

  • *Madonna and Child with

    Saint Anne, da Vinci, 1503-6

    Purpose to suggest theological

    meaning .

    3 form single unit

    3 generations

    Lamb- symbol of Jesus future

    sacrifice

    Tree symbolic of cross he will die on.

    Sfumato- hazy atmosphere

  • *Last Supper, Leonardo da Vinci,

  • High Renaissance

    Michelangelo

    25 years younger than Leonardo but his

    greatest rival.

    A painter, sculptor, poet, and architect.

    The artist considered himself a sculptor

    above all else.

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

    Insert visual(s).

    Suggestions:

    16.10 Sistine Chapel

    p.375 Portrait of Michelangelo

  • Portrait of Michelangelo

  • *Pieta, Michelangelo, 1500

    http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=pieta&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&docid=zN-NoIzriXVF4M&tbnid=yhHDgEoetA72gM:&ved=0CAUQjRw&url=http%3A%2F%2Femployees.oneonta.edu%2Ffarberas%2Farth%2Farth110%2Farth110_sl8.html&ei=YjRvUbiaNsfI2wX3koC4Bg&bvm=bv.45368065,d.b2I&psig=AFQjCNFH0GYTqSbC8NRXHdAf11hPQ_h2Hg&ust=1366328666842901

  • *Sistine Chapel, Michelangelo, Vatican, 1473-80,

    fresco

  • David, Michelangelo,

    1501-4, Marble, 18

    Commissioned

    Greeks knew how bodies

    looked on outside.

    Renaissance artists knew

    how they looked on

    inside.

    Expressive face

    Symbol of Florence

  • High Renaissance

    Michelangelo

    Tension and energy are characteristics that

    make David a Renaissance sculpture.

    The Sistine Chapel is another of his famous

    works. It is a fresco and depicts stories,

    prophets, and sybils from the Bibles Old

    Testament.

    He was the architect of the new St. Peters

    Basilica in the Vatican.

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

  • The Tempest, Giorgione, Oil on canvas, 1505.

  • *The Annunciation, Titian, 1560,

    Oil

  • Northern Renaissance

    The Northern Renaissance evolved out of

    the Middle Ages. This artwork is

    characterized by the artists interest in

    details.

    The Limbourg Brothers, Van Eyck, Grunewald,

    Hans Holbein the Younger, and Durer are just a

    few of the artists associated with this period.

    2013, McGraw-Hill Higher Education. All rights reserved.

    Insert visual(s).

    Suggestions:

    16.16 February

    16.20 The Ambassadors

  • *February, Limbourgh Brothers, 9, 1416

    The Ambassadors, Hans Holbein the Younger, Oil, 1533.

  • *Merode Altarpiece, Robert Campin, Oil,

    1426

  • Luke Drawing the Virgin, Rogier can der Weyden, 1435, Oil

  • Northern Renaissance

    The artists interest in details stems from a

    long tradition of

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