panning for gold (designing pedagogically-inspired learning nuggets)

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Panning for Gold (Designing Pedagogically-inspired Learning Nuggets). Structure of Presentation. Background Nugget Model Comparison with IMS-LD Demo Conclusions. The DialogPLUS Project. 3 year JISC/NSF Digital Libraries in the Classroom project - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • Panning for Gold(Designing Pedagogically-inspired Learning Nuggets)

    Chris Bailey, Mohd T Zalfan & Hugh DavisLearning Technologies Group

    Karen Fill & Grinne ConoleSchool of Education

  • Structure of PresentationBackgroundNugget ModelComparison with IMS-LDDemoConclusions

  • The DialogPLUS Project3 year JISC/NSF Digital Libraries in the Classroom projectConcerned with creating, sharing & repurposing online learning activities that draw on a wide range of available resources pulled from digital librariesGeography partners: Southampton, Leeds,UCSB,Penn State

  • NuggetsDue to confusing terminology definitions within e-learning, a pedagogically neutral term was invented for the geographers - the nuggetA nugget would represent an atomic, self-contained set of resources centred around specific learning objectives.Nugget aka learning activitySeveral nuggets could be used in a lecture, as assignments or practicals.Nuggets can range from written notes, word/pdf documents web pages, small website, flash animation

  • Examples of Nuggets

  • Why model nuggets?Our intention was to provide a nugget repository/digital library (e.g. JORUM) where geographers could upload their own nuggets, attaching pedagogically-orientated metadata and search/view other peoples nuggets using these same termsThis lead to the development of the toolkit

  • IMS-LDAware of the development of IMS-LD, however..Previous experiences in similar situations highlighted negative aspects of enforcing existing standards onto practitionersWe decided to create our own modelAlthough developed independently, there are a lot of similarities between our nugget model and IMS-LD

  • Learning ActivityA learning activity (nugget) has these main elements:

    Required:learning outcomesa set of attributestasksrolesOptional:toolsresourcesoutputs

  • Learning ActivityLearning outcomes


    Discussion boardWeb browserExcel .....


    LO1 webpageLO2 online journalLO3 databaseLO4 ...... Outcomes

    Contribution to discussionTextAnswers.......Attributes

    Tasks 1. Brainstorm a concept 2. Read a paper 3. Write short critique 4. Analyse data 5. ..... Pedagogy SubjectSkillsmini activity

    Rolesindividual learnerfacilitatorgroup participant......

  • Final (ish)nuggetmodelIterative development over several years from close discussions with project partners

  • Final (ish)nuggetmodelIterative development over several years from close discussions with project partners



    NameOutcome Type (t)Sequence

    Learning Outcome

    NameSubjectDifficultyPre-requisitesApproach to L&T (t)Environment (t)

    Learning Activity

    DescriptionLengthType (t)Technique (t)Interaction (t)


    Role Type (t)Skill Type (t)


    NameType (t)URL


    NameType (t)URL


    Type (t)Technique (t)











    Learning Activity

  • Comparison with IMS-LDWith a stable version of the nugget model, we have returned to IMS-LD and analysed our model in light of IMS-LD

    Different aims of the two approaches

    Lots of similarities

  • Comparison with IMS-LD

  • Now for a Demo

  • ExperiencesWhat have we learnt?It is possible to provide a mapping from our nugget model to that of IMS-LDBut does not always provide a complete mappingWe can produce LD templatesMapping onto the lower levels of LDTo be more extensive/flexible, another level of object composition would be useful

  • Reflections for IMS-LDAreas where metadata would be useful but not supported in IMS-LD.E.g. pre-requisite & learning objective metadata on intermediate objects such as Activity-Structures Experiences in the DialogPLUS project have shown that pedagogical metadata (such as our approach to learning and teaching) and general design are often the most reusable aspects of a learning design Tools such as our nugget toolkit can (we hope) greatly improve the impact of IMS-LD by providing a more user-friendly environment for authoring units of learning

  • Thanks for listeningLinks:Toolkit: modelApproach to Learning & TeachingOutcomesAssessment Tools & Techniques

    Chris Bailey: Fill:

    Project all about looking at the aspects of repurposing- not just technical but also institutional & humanTerm geographers could call their own granularity similarity to LA - examplesLet geographers define their own nugget model with familiar terminologyFrom early work (Jan 2004), discussed with teachers and educational developers. The beginnings of the taxonomies leading to work on metadata, comparison with other approaches including Learning Design.