Open Education Week - Why Open Matters - March 13, 2014

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Slides used for my presentation during Open Education Week. Hangouts on Air at https://plus.google.com/events/cgirt38cq3fpcr8ra61qbd2298k

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EDUC639 Social Networking

Why Open MattersMarch 13, 2014

Mathieu Plourde

Mathieu Plourde, MBA, Ed.D. Candidate Educational TechnologistIT Academic Technology Services

bit.ly/mathplourde

Why

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HISTORY LESSON

A little

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Traditional software model

Credit: somethingstartedcrazy and Rob on Flickr.

Open source software

USERS DEVELOPERS

Source: Apple Just Ended the Era of Paid Operating Systems (Wired)

Open encyclopedia

Gratis

Libre&

(free of charge)

(freedom of use)

OPEN EDUCATION

Why

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Open education

"...is the simple and powerful idea that the worlds knowledge is a public good and that

technology in general and the Worldwide Web in particular provide an extraordinary opportunity for everyone to share, use, and

reuse knowledge."

The William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

Open educational resources

Learning materials

Collection Learning object

Learning materials

Collection Learning object

Whole

Traditional

Fixed

Peer-reviewed

"Nugget"

Innovative

Evolving

"Wisdom of the crowd"

Learning materials

Collection Learning object

Whole

Traditional

Fixed

Peer-reviewed

"Nugget"

Innovative

Evolving

"Wisdom of the crowd"

What makes a resource open? David Wiley's 4Rs: Reuse: the right to reuse the content in its

unaltered/verbatim form (e.g., make a backup copy of the content)

Revise: the right to adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content itself (e.g., translate the content into another language)

Remix: the right to combine the original or revised content with other content to create something new (e.g., incorporate the content into a mashup)

Redistribute: the right to share copies of the original content, the revisions, or the remixes with others (e.g., give a copy of the content to a friend)

Copyright licensing

Open educational resources (OER) are powered by Creative Commons. The author sets the acceptable uses from the get-go.

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/

AFFORDABILITY CONCERNS

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Increase in textbook prices and college tuition

Why

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Demand for degrees

Why

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19McCoy, D., Schiller, S. R., Frank, E., & Schiller, S. (2011, April 4). Textbook Affordability: Emerging Solutions in Ohio. Webinar, . Retrieved from http://www.educause.edu/Resources/TextbookAffordabilityEmergingS/226560

Low-cost pathways

Why

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Open textbooks in K12

State of Utah pilot provides a printed copy for $5 per student.

Replaces a 7 year cycle.

Fresh content every year, students keep the book.

Open textbook calculator:

http://openedgroup.org/calculator/

David Wiley, http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent/the-5-texbook

State of Washington

The Open Course Library has saved students $5.5 million in textbook

costs to date, including $2.9 million during the 2012-2013 academic year

alone.

Tidewater Community College

For students who pursue the new textbook-free degree, the total cost for required textbooks will be zero. Instead, the program will use high quality

open textbooks and other open educational resources, known as OER, which are freely

accessible, openly licensed materials useful for teaching, learning, assessment and research. It is estimated that a TCC student who completes the degree through the textbook-free initiative might

save one-third on the cost of college.http://www.tcc.edu/news/press/2013/TextbookFreeDegree.htm

TEXTBOOKS, (UN)BUNDLED

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Typical textbook cycle

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Adopting an open textbook

Andrea Everard, Associate Professor

Accounting & MIS

MISY427 Information Technology Applications in Management - Fall 2011

Link to blog post and video testimonial

Costs associated with potential textbooks for MISY427

Source: Ben Britton on Flickr

BARRIERS TO OPEN

Why

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Perception of quality

Outside resources:

Not mine

Not peer-reviewed

Not someone I know

Personal resources:

Copyright confusion

Not perfect enough to share

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Startup cost and time

Finding

Vetting

Sequencing

Remixing

Filling up gaps

Assembling in a web format

Missing ancillaries and homework-as-a-service

Why

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OTHER OPENNESSES

Why

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Buy one, get one

The Director of the National Institutes of Health shall require that all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the

National Library of Medicines PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication:

Provided, That the NIH shall implement the public access policy in a manner consistent with copyright law.

http://publicaccess.nih.gov/policy.htm

Director John Holdren has directed Federal agencies with more than $100M in R&D expenditures to develop plans to make the published results of federally funded research freely available to the public within one year of publication and requiring researchers to better account for and manage the digital data

resulting from federally funded scientific research.

http://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2013/02/22/expanding-public-access-results-federally-funded-research

Why

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Open access research

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L5rVH1KGBCY

Open educational practices

http://openteaching.ud-css.net/2013/03/openeducationwk-udsnf12/

Personal learning networks

Attribution: Alec Couros (courosa) on Flickr.com

Public engagement

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/16/opinion/sunday/kristof-professors-we-need-you.html?_r=0

CONCLUSION

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Learning resources ecosystem

Why

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Curriculum design

Commercial textbook selection

Build from scratch Learning objectives

Course outline

Explore OER

Identify gaps

Explore commercial options

Remix, repurpose

Build, share, improve

Why

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Course continuous improvement with OER

Open as a competitive advantage

Selling your program as textbook-free

Custom course content vetted and adapted yearly by your professors

21st century scholarship (open and networked)

Faculty development

Public engagement

WE NEED YOU!

Explore OER on your own!

Explore and submit UD resources

http://ats.udel.edu/open

List of global resources

http://sites.udel.edu/open/finding/

Mathieu Plourde, MBA, Ed.D. Candidate Educational TechnologistIT Academic Technology Services

bit.ly/mathplourde

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