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  • OCCUPATIONALSAFETY AND HEALTH

    OCCUPATIONALSAFETY AND HEALTH

    IN THE REPUBLICOF KAZAKHSTANIN THE REPUBLICOF KAZAKHSTAN

    NATIONAL PROFILE

    InternationalLabourOffice

  • International Labour Organization

    OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH

    IN THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

    NATIONAL PROFILE

    ILO MOSCOW SUBREGIONAL OFFICE

  • Copyright International Labour Organization 2008

    First published 2008

    Publications of the International Labour Office enjoy copyright under Protocol 2 of the Universal Copyright Convention. Nevertheless, short excerpts from them may be reproduced without authorization, on condition that the source is indicated. For rights of reproduction or translation, application should be made to ILO Publications (Rights and Permissions), International Labour Office, CH1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland, or by email: pubdroit@ilo.org. The International Labour Office welcomes such applications.

    Libraries, institutions and other users registered with reproduction rights organizations may make copies in accordance with the licences issued to them for this purpose. Visit www.ifrro.org to find the reproduction rights organization in your country.

    Occupational Safety and Health in the Republic of Kazakhstan. National Profile. ILO, 2008. 138 p. / Translation from Russian.;

    ISBN 9789221212973 (print); ISBN 9789221212980 (web.pdf)

    International Labour Office; ILO Subregional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia guide / occupational safety / occupational health / safety management 13.04.2 ILO Cataloguing in Publications data

    Also available in Russian: . . , 2008.

    ISBN 9789224212970 (print); ISBN 9789224212987 (PDF)

    The National Profile has been prepared in cooperation with the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan and social partners and related OSH expert institutions and has been funded under ILOKorea technical cooperation Project Improving Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) systems in Central Asia.

    The designations employed in ILO publications, which are in conformity with United Nations practice, and the presentation of material therein do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the International Labour Office concerning the legal status of any country, area or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers.

    The responsibility for opinions expressed in signed articles, studies and other contributions rests solely with their authors, and publication does not constitute an endorsement by the International Labour Office of the opinions expressed in them.

    Reference to names of firms and commercial products and processes does not imply their endorsement by the International Labour Office, and any failure to mention a particular firm, commercial product or process is not a sign of disapproval.

    ILO publications can be obtained through major booksellers or ILO local offices in many countries, or direct from ILO Publications, International Labour Office, CH1211 Geneva 22, Switzerland. Catalogues or lists of new publications are available free of charge from the above address, or by email: pubvente@ilo.org

    Visit our website: www.ilo.org/publns

    Printed in Russia.

  • 3

    TABLE OF CONTENT

    REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN:

    NATIONAL OSH PROFILE................................................... 6

    Introduction to the National Profile........................................................6

    1. REGULATORY BASE OF THE OSH SYSTEM..................... 7

    1.1. Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan...................................7

    1.2. Main OSH Laws.............................................................................7

    1.3. Main Supporting Legal Acts on Occupational Safety ..................14

    1.4. Ratified conventions of the ILO and other international OSHrelated treaties ....................................................................17

    1.5. Other OSHRelated Laws and Supporting Legislation ................20

    2. REGULATORYTECHNICAL DOCUMENTATION:

    STANDARDS, NORMS AND RULES ................................ 21

    2.1. Technical Standards, Norms and Rules ......................................21

    2.2. Normative Documents on OSH Management Systems ..............22

    2.3. Information Materials Based on Technical Standards and Practical Rules of the ILO.............................................................23

    3. MECHANISMS OF SHAPING THE NATIONAL OSH

    POLICY................................................................................. 24

    3.1. Guidelines of State OSH Policy ...................................................24

    3.2. LawMaking and RuleMaking Mechanisms................................25

    3.3. Shaping of National OSH Programmes.......................................29

    3.4. Economic Methods of Regulating the Employers Activities ........34

    3.5. Social and Psychological Methods of Management ....................39

  • 4

    4. SOCIAL PARTNERSHIP AND COORDINATION

    MECHANISMS..................................................................... 40

    4.1. The National Level.......................................................................42

    4.2. Regional/ Territorial Level............................................................44

    4.3. Corporate/ Employer Level ..........................................................45

    4.4. Organization of Public Monitoring................................................48

    5. ORGANIZATION OF OSH SYSTEM.

    MEANS AND AGENCIES ................................................... 50

    5.1. Competent State Bodies Responsible for OSH Issues................50

    5.2. National Research and Design Institutions (Institutes, Centers, Laboratories) in the OSH Field.....................................................63

    5.3. Vocational training, retraining and upgrading of OSH skills. Information and educational work. ...............................................76

    5.4. Specialized research, technical and medical institutions connected with various aspects of OSH ......................................83

    5.5. Workers involved in occupational safety and health....................86

    6. STATE AND DYNAMICS OF OCCUPATIONAL

    ACCIDENTS AND DISEASES............................................ 89

    6.1. Basic Principles of Qualification of Injuries and Diseases as being WorkRelated .....................................................................89

    6.2. Dynamics of Occupational Injuries over Time .............................92

    6.3. Main Forms of Recording Cases of Occupational Injuries and Diseases ......................................................................................93

    6.4. Main Forms of Statistics Gathering .............................................94

    6.5. The Number of Registered Occupational Accidents with a Lethal Outcome............................................................................95

    6.6. The Number of Registered Occupational Injuries. .......................97

    6.7. Number of Registered Occupational Disease Cases. ...............101

    6.8. The Number of People Exposed to Unfavourable Working Conditions ..................................................................................102

    6.9. Assessment of the Scale of Underreporting ..............................102

  • 5

    7. REGULAR MEASURES AND ROUTINE WORK IN THE

    FIELD OF OSH: SPECIFIC EXAMPLES ......................... 107

    7.1. Regular Measures at the National Level....................................107

    7.2. International Cooperation ..........................................................112

    7.2.3. Activities of the National and Collaborating ILO OSH Information Centers....................................................................114

    8. ANALYSIS OF THE STRENGTHS AND WEAKNESSES

    OF THE NATIONAL OSH MANAGEMENT SYSTEM..... 116

    9. GENERAL CONCLUSIONS FROM THE NATIONAL

    PROFILE ............................................................................ 117

    10. LEGAL FRAMEWORK AND INFORMATION

    RESOURCES..................................................................... 118

    10.1. List of the Main Laws and Supporting Legislation on Occupational Safety and Health:................................................118

    10.2. List of Agreements between Associations of Employees and Employers ..................................................................................123

    10.3. List of the Main Websites Essential for OSH and Other Information Resources. ..............................................................124

    10.4. List of the Main Journals on Occupational Safety and Health. .....125

    11. DESCRIPTION OF METHODS OF ASSESSING

    STATISTICAL INDICATORS USED IN THE PROFILE .. 126

    12. GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE COUNTRY

    PROFILED.......................................................................... 127

    A. General Information on the Administrative System and Management in the Republic of Kazakhstan..............................127

    B. General Information on the Economy and Labour Resources .....134

  • 6

    REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN:

    NATIONAL OSH PROFILE

    Introduction to the National Profile

    Kazakhstan straddles the boundary between two continents, Europe and Asia. With an area of 2,717,300 square kilometers (1,048,300 square miles), it is the ninth largest country in the world. The population of the Republic of Kazakhstan at the beginning of 2007 was 15.4 million.

    For the purpose of

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