Occlusion in FPD

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Occlusion In FPD5/31/12

OCCLUSION: The static relationship

between the incising and the masticating surfaces of the maxillary or mandibular teeth or tooth analogues.The occlusion of a restoration should be

made in harmony with the optimum condylar position CENTRIC RELATION.CENTRIC OCCLUSION: The occlusion 5/31/12

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Centric Relation-

A maxillomandibular relationship in which the condyles articulate with the thinnest avascular portion of their respective disks with the complex in the anterior-superior position against the slopes of the articular eminences, independent of tooth contacts.5/31/12

Centric RelationThis position is clinically discernable when the mandible is directed superiorly and anteriorly and restricted to a purely rotary movement about a transverse horizontal axis. It is used in dentistry as a

repeatable reference position formounting casts

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Mandibular MovementMandibular movement is a complex three dimensional movement. It can be describes as projected in three perpendicular planes, namely, saggital, horizontal and frontal. Each plane has a border movement and a functional movement (chewing)

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Saggital plane: in the sagittal plane,

the mandible is capable of pure rotational and translational movement. ROTATION is limited to about 20-22

mm of incisor separation after which the mandible begins to show TRANSLATION. Rotation occurs around the terminal

hinge axis, which is an imaginary horizontal line through the rotational centres of the left and right condyles5/31/12

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Bennett AngleThe angle formed by the sagittal plane (assumed straight protrusive path) and the path of the advancing (orbiting) condyle during lateral mandibular movements as viewed in the horizontal plane.

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Maximum Intercuspation

Maximum occlusal inter-arch contact irrespective of condylar position. This type of contact may or may not occur on the path of the centric relation closure. When centric occlusion does not occur in the centric relation contact position, the external pterygoid plays an active role in positioning the condyle for clenching. Syn: Acquired Centric, Habitual Centric, Intercuspation Position.5/31/12

Centric Occlusion

The occlusion with opposing teeth when the mandible is in centric relation. May or may not coincide with MI.

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Occlusal Contact

Any meeting or touching of tooth surfaces. Unmodified, the word contact should imply a normal, non-pathologic touching of tooth surfaces.

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Occlusal ContactHarmful occlusal contacts may be generally categorized as either, 1) PARAFUNCTIONAL (nonmasticatory) contacts, which are normal tooth contacts that have been subjected to excessive use through bruxism, clenching, etc. 2) INTERFERENCES, which are abnormal contacts that may occur in either functional or parafunctional activity.

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Occlusal PrematurityAn occlusal contact which interrupts the harmonious closure of the teeth along the centric relation arc. The periodontium, masticatory muscles, and structures of the temporomandibular joint may be deleteriously affected when the importance of occlusal prematurities is magnified by parafunctional activity5/31/12

Occlusal Interference

An occlusal contact that disrupts the smooth excursive movements of teeth against each other. Most interferences cause a disclusion of the expected anterior guidance and thus become the anterior determinant of mandibular movement.5/31/12

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Mutually Protected OcclusionAn occlusal arrangement in which the posterior teeth contact in maximum intercuspation, but not in lateral or protrusive movements. The anterior teeth protect the posteriors during eccentric contacts. The posterior teeth protect the anterior teeth in MI.

Often, the CUSPIDS are the only teeth contacting in lateral movement and the incisors the only teeth contacting in protrusive movement. Syn: Anterior Protected Occlusion, Posterior Disclusion, canine guided

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Unilaterally Balanced ArticulationIn lateral excursions, the posterior teeth on the WORKING side contact as a group simultaneously with contact on the anterior guidance. The effect is to distribute lateral forces to multiple teeth rather than a single cuspid or other weakened anterior guiding teeth. The more teeth that bear the stress, the less stress any one tooth must bear. Group function with progressive disclusion is useful when anterior teeth are weak or non-functional. Syn: Group Function Articulation.

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