OBJECTIVES: 1. Why did immigration boom in the late 1800s? 2. How did immigrants adjust to life in the U.S.? 3. Why did anti-immigrant feeling grow?

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  • OBJECTIVES:1. Why did immigration boom in the late 1800s?2. How did immigrants adjust to life in the U.S.?3. Why did anti-immigrant feeling grow?

  • Reasons for immigrationI. Push Factors- Conditions that drive people from their homesA. Poverty, scarce landB. Political and religious persecution

  • II. Pull Factors- conditions that attract immigrants to a new area

  • II. Pull Factors- conditions that attract immigrants to a new areaA. Promise of freedom and better life

  • II. Pull Factors- conditions that attract immigrants to a new areaA. Promise of freedom and better lifeB. Family or friends already in the U.S.

  • II. Pull Factors- conditions that attract immigrants to a new areaA. Promise of freedom and better lifeB. Family or friends already in the U.S. C. Factory jobs available

  • III. The Long VoyageA. Steerage- airless rooms below decks of ships where 2000 people were stuffed-diseases spread

  • B. Europeans arrived in New York City- saw the Statue of Liberty, stopped at Ellis Island- where they had to pass a medical inspection

  • C. On the West Coast, immigrants from China and Japan traveled to Angel Island in San Francisco Bay

  • IV. Changing patterns of ImmigrationA. Before 1885- most immigrants from Northwest Europe: England, Ireland, Germany, Scandinavia

  • B. After 1885- many immigrants from Southeast Europe and Asia: Italy, Poland, Greece, Russia, Hungary, China

  • V. Adjusting to a New LandA. Most stayed in cities and lived in ethnic neighborhoodsB. They were torn between old traditions and new American waysC. Assimilation- the process of becoming part of another culture

  • VI. NATIVISMA. Nativists wanted to limit immigration and preserve the country for native-born citizens1. felt immigrants wouldnt assimilate2. afraid of immigrants taking away jobsB. Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882No Chinese laborer could enter the U.S.C.Gentlemens AgreementLimited Japanese agreement in return for U.S. promise to end Japanese segregation in American schools

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