nova scotia department of agriculture goat production a meat goat has six important characteristics:

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  • NOVA SCOTIA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

    Goat Production Manual A Guide for 4-H Leaders

    and Beginning Farmers

  • 1

    Goat Production Manual Table of Contents

    Contents Disclaimer ................................................................................................................................. 5 Introduction .............................................................................................................................. 6 Section 1: Selecting an Animal ............................................................................................... 7

    Purebred vs. Grade ................................................................................................................................ 7

    What to Look for in a Goat .................................................................................................................... 7

    Dairy Goats ......................................................................................................................................... 7

    Meat Goats .......................................................................................................................................... 8

    Breeds of Dairy Goats ........................................................................................................................... 9

    Toggenburg ......................................................................................................................................... 9

    Saanen ................................................................................................................................................. 9

    Nubian ................................................................................................................................................ 10

    Alpine ................................................................................................................................................. 10

    American LaMancha ........................................................................................................................ 11

    Oberhasli ........................................................................................................................................... 11

    Market Goat Breeds ............................................................................................................................. 11

    South African Boer ........................................................................................................................... 12

    Kiko ..................................................................................................................................................... 12

    Conformation......................................................................................................................................... 13

    General Appearance ........................................................................................................................ 13

    Dairy Character ................................................................................................................................. 16

    Mammary System ............................................................................................................................ 17

    Body Capacity ................................................................................................................................... 19

    Section 2: Care and Management ..........................................................................................21 Code of Practice ................................................................................................................................... 21

    Housing .................................................................................................................................................. 21

    Types of Housing ............................................................................................................................. 21

    Stall Floors......................................................................................................................................... 22

    Stalls for Bucks ................................................................................................................................. 23

  • 2

    Stalls for Pregnant Does ................................................................................................................. 23

    Kid Housing ....................................................................................................................................... 23

    Feeders and Waterers ......................................................................................................................... 24

    Ventilation .............................................................................................................................................. 24

    Handling ................................................................................................................................................. 25

    Transportation ....................................................................................................................................... 25

    Dehorning and Disbudding ................................................................................................................. 26

    Traceability ............................................................................................................................................ 27

    Identification: ......................................................................................................................................... 28

    Section 3: Nutrition .................................................................................................................29 What is a Ruminant? ........................................................................................................................... 29

    Essential Nutrients ............................................................................................................................... 29

    Classes of Feed .................................................................................................................................... 30

    Concentrate Feeds ........................................................................................................................... 30

    Dry Roughage ................................................................................................................................... 30

    Forages .............................................................................................................................................. 31

    The Importance of Forage for Goats ................................................................................................. 31

    Pasture ................................................................................................................................................... 32

    Pasture Management ...................................................................................................................... 32

    How to Manage a Pasture .............................................................................................................. 32

    Feeding Program .................................................................................................................................. 32

    Dairy Kids .......................................................................................................................................... 33

    Weaned Kids ..................................................................................................................................... 33

    Bred Does .......................................................................................................................................... 33

    Dry Does ............................................................................................................................................ 33

    Milking Does ...................................................................................................................................... 33

    The Heavy Milker ............................................................................................................................. 34

    Bucks and Wethers .......................................................................................................................... 34

    The Meat Herd .................................................................................................................................. 34

    Body Condition Scoring ....................................................................................................................... 34

    Steps for Body Condition Scoring .................................................................................................. 34

    Score of 1—Extremely Lean ........................................................................................................... 35

  • 3

    Score of 5—Obese ........................................................................................................................... 35

    Section 4: Health .....................................................................................................................36 Recognizing a