notable severe windstorm events and disasters of 2014
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DESCRIPTIONNOTABLE SEVERE WINDSTORM EVENTS AND DISASTERS OF 2014. November 30th marked the official end of a quiet 2014 Atlantic Basin hurricane season. There were eight named storms, six of which were hurricanes, with only two (Edouard and Gonzalo) becoming major storms. The Atlantic basin, which includes the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean, produced the fewest tropical cyclones and fewest named storms since 1997. November 30th marked the official end of a very active 2014 Eastern Pacific hurricane season– the most active season since 1992.There were 20 named storms, the most in 22 years, peaking 2-3 years after El Niño . Of those named storms, 14 became hurricanes, with nine of them developing into major hurricanes.In general, meteorologists believe that El Niño conditions suppress hurricane activity in the Atlantic and increase it in the Pacific. A new study suggests that there may be a delayed reaction, with peak hurricane activity in the northeastern Pacific happening two or three years after an El Niño peak. Presentation courtesy of Dr Walter Hays, Global Alliance for Disaster Reduction
- 1. NOTABLE EVENTS AND DISASTERS OF 2014HIGHLIGHTS OF SEVERE WINDSTORMS
2. ATLANTIC BASINTROPICAL STORMS ANDHURRICANES 3. November 30th marked the officialend of a quiet 2014 Atlantic Basinhurricane season. There wereeight named storms, six of whichwere hurricanes, with only two(Edouard and Gonzalo) becomingmajor storms 4. HIGHLIGHTS The Atlantic basin, which includes theGulf of Mexico and the Caribbean,produced the fewest tropical cyclonesand fewest named storms since 1997. 5. HIGHLIGHTS The Atlantic basin brought thestrongest landfalling hurricane(ARTHUR) in the mainland USA in sixyears Later, the strongest hurricane to occuranywhere in the Atlantic basin in fouryears happened. 6. HURRICANE ARTHUR 7. HURRICANE ARTHUR Arthur made landfall in eastern NorthCarolina on July 3 with 166 kph (100mph) winds, the first Category 2 orstronger landfall in the Lower 48 sinceHurricane Ike hit Texas in 2008. Arthur was the first hurricane in 12years to make landfall on the USAmainland without any direct fatalities;the last --Hurricane Lili in 2002 8. BERMUDA Bermuda, a tiny cluster of islands,which have a combined land area ofless than 21 square miles, about three-fifthsthe size of Manhattan, had neverbeen affected by two named storms soclose together in time, with both ofthem making landfall. 9. HIGHLIGHTS Two named storms made landfall inBermuda just six days apart: TropicalStorm Fay on Oct. 12, followed byHurricane Gonzalo on Oct. 18.. 10. HURRICANE GONZALO Gonzalo, a CAT 4 storm beforereaching Bermuda and the strongesthurricane anywhere in the Atlanticbasin since Igor in September 2010.,was Bermudas strongest and mostdamaging hurricane since Fabian in2003, Gonzalo left behind an estimated $200million to $400 million in damage. 11. EASTERN PACIFIC BASINTROPICAL STORMS ANDHURRICANES 12. November 30th marked the officialend of a very active 2014 EasternPacific hurricane season themost active season since 1992. 13. 2014S EASTERN PACIFICSTORM TRACKS 14. There were 20 named storms, themost in 22 years, peaking 2-3years after El Nio . Of thosenamed storms, 14 becamehurricanes, with nine of themdeveloping into major hurricanes. 15. HIGHLIGHTS Hurricane Amanda became thestrongast May hurricane on record inthe Eastern Pacific basin. Hurricane Marie became the sixth-strongestPacific hurricane on record,. Hurricane Ana became the longest-livedCentral Pacific tropical cyclone inthe satellite era, lasting 13 days (Oct.13-26) in that basin. 16. Amanda, the first hurricane of theseason never made landfall, but itbecame the strongest Mayhurricane on record in the EasternPacific Basin when its maximumsustained winds reached 155 mphon May 25, putting it at the top endof the Category 4 range on thefive-category scale. 17. El Nio (cyclical surges ofwarm water at the equator) In general, meteorologists believe thatEl Nio conditions suppress hurricaneactivity in the Atlantic and increase it inthe Pacific. A new study suggests that there maybe a delayed reaction, with peakhurricane activity in the northeasternPacific happening two or three yearsafter an El Nio peak. 18. PACIFIC BASIN TROPICALSTORMS AND TYPHOONSThe 2014 season ran throughout theentire year, although most stormsdeveloped between May and October 19. Total Storms: 22Typhoons: 11Super Typhoons: 8Fatalities: 481Damage: $8.29 billion 20. 2014s STORM TRACKS 21. The First Storm SystemFormed January 14thThe strongest, VONGFONG,Formed October 2nd to 14th 22. TYPHOON VONGFONG: 2014S6TH SUPER TYPHOON 23. VONGFONG: A HUGE STORM On Oct 7, in just 24 hours,Vongfong intensified from aCAT 2 storm to a supertyphoon with 155+ mph windspeeds, and an estimatedcentral pressure of 908milibars. 24. TYPHOON VONGFONGREACHED OKINAWA Vongfong, which reachedOkinawa on Sunday afternoon,October 12th, reached Tokyo onTuesday, but as a muchweaker storm 25. TYPHOON VONGFONG: INITIALREPORTS 35 people were reported injuredin Okinawa and Kyushu, where150,000 people were evacuated. The typhoon toppled trees,flooded streets and cut powerto more than 60,000 homes. 26. CYCLONES 27. CYCLONE HUDHUD HITS INDIAOctober 12, 2014 28. CYCLONE HUDHUD ARRIVED:OCT. 12 29. CYCLONE HUDHUD:OCTOBER 12 Hudhud hit the southern portcity of Visakhapatnam, locationof a major naval base, close tonoon. 400,000 people were evacuatedearlier from the States ofOdisha and Andhra Pradesh. 30. CYCLONE HUDHUD: INITIALREPORTS The States of Odisha andAndhra Pradesh experiencedhigh winds and heavy rainfall. Six killed. Power was disrupted andcommunications collapsed. 31. 1999, 2013, AND 2014 Fifteen years ago, more than 10,000people were killed when a cyclone hitroughly the same area, which lackedsignificant evacuation capability. In October, 2013, Cyclone Phailinresulted in 800,000 being evacuatedwith few deaths. October 12, 2014; 400,000 evacuatedwith 6 deaths 32. CONCLUSION: A MAJORIMPROVEMENT IN EVACUATION Indias evacuation operationshave improved significantlyduring the past 15 years, with acorresponding significantreduction in mortality.