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  • NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance For Disaster Reduction
  • Slide 3
  • EARTHQUAKE DISASTERS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION EARTHQUAKE DISASTERS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION THE SEISMICITY IN THE MEDITERRANEAN HAS BEEN DOCUMENTED FOR OVER 2000 YEARS MANY IMPORTANT CITIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST HAVE BEEN DESTROYED BY EARTHQUAKES AND SOMETIMES TSUNAMIS THE SEISMICITY IN THE MEDITERRANEAN HAS BEEN DOCUMENTED FOR OVER 2000 YEARS MANY IMPORTANT CITIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST HAVE BEEN DESTROYED BY EARTHQUAKES AND SOMETIMES TSUNAMIS
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  • 2150 BC EARTHQUAKE 2150 BC EARTHQUAKE EVENT 2150 BC EVENT 2150 BC CONSEQUENCES SODOM AND GOMORRAH DESTROYED CONSEQUENCES SODOM AND GOMORRAH DESTROYED
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  • 525 BC EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI 525 BC EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI EVENT 525 BC COASTAL LEBANON EVENT 525 BC COASTAL LEBANON CONSEQUENCES TYRE DESTROYED BY TSUNAMI CONSEQUENCES TYRE DESTROYED BY TSUNAMI
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  • 140 BC EARTHQUAKE 140 BC EARTHQUAKE EVENT 140 BC COASTAL LEBANON EVENT 140 BC COASTAL LEBANON CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMI STRIKES TYRE CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMI STRIKES TYRE
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  • 31 BC EARTHQUAKE 31 BC EARTHQUAKE EVENT 31 BC AT LEAST MAGNITUDE 7 JORDAN VALLEY EVENT 31 BC AT LEAST MAGNITUDE 7 JORDAN VALLEY CONSEQUENCES ONE OF THE LARGEST SHOCKS IN 2000 YEARS CONSEQUENCES ONE OF THE LARGEST SHOCKS IN 2000 YEARS
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  • DECEMBER 3M 115 AD EARTHQUAKE DECEMBER 3M 115 AD EARTHQUAKE EVENT DECEMBER 3, 115 AD LEVANTINE COAST EVENT DECEMBER 3, 115 AD LEVANTINE COAST CONSEQUENCES ANTIOCH DEVASTATED CONSEQUENCES ANTIOCH DEVASTATED
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  • 306 AD EARTHQUAKE 306 AD EARTHQUAKE EVENT 306 AD LEVANTINE COAST EVENT 306 AD LEVANTINE COAST CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMI CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMI
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  • 349 AD EARTHQUAKE 349 AD EARTHQUAKE EVENT 349 AD COASTAL LEBANON EVENT 349 AD COASTAL LEBANON CONSEQUENCES MOST OF BEIRUT DESTROYED CONSEQUENCES MOST OF BEIRUT DESTROYED
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  • AUGUST 21-22, 502 AD EARTHQUAKES AUGUST 21-22, 502 AD EARTHQUAKES EVENT AUGUST 21-22, 502 AD COASTAL LEBANON EVENT AUGUST 21-22, 502 AD COASTAL LEBANON CONSEQUENCES DAMAGE FROM TYRE TO ALEPPO CONSEQUENCES DAMAGE FROM TYRE TO ALEPPO
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  • JULY 6, 551 EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI JULY 6, 551 EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI EVENT JULY 6, 551 AD COASTAL LEBANON MAY BE LARGEST MAGNITUDE EVENT IN LEVANT EVENT JULY 6, 551 AD COASTAL LEBANON MAY BE LARGEST MAGNITUDE EVENT IN LEVANT CONSEQUENCES TOTAL DESTRUCTION OF BEIRUT AND A LARGE AREA TSUNAMI TECTONIC DEFORMATION CONSEQUENCES TOTAL DESTRUCTION OF BEIRUT AND A LARGE AREA TSUNAMI TECTONIC DEFORMATION
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  • JUNE 658 AD EARTHQUAKE JUNE 658 AD EARTHQUAKE EVENT JUNE 658 AD SYRIA-PALESTINE EVENT JUNE 658 AD SYRIA-PALESTINE CONSEQUENCES DEVASTATION EVERYWHERE CONSEQUENCES DEVASTATION EVERYWHERE
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  • JANUARY 18, 746 AD EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI JANUARY 18, 746 AD EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI EVENT JANUARY 18, 746 AD M7.3 JORDAN VALLEY EVENT JANUARY 18, 746 AD M7.3 JORDAN VALLEY CONSEQUENCES HEAVY DAMAGE IN VALLEY TSUNAMI CONSEQUENCES HEAVY DAMAGE IN VALLEY TSUNAMI
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  • OCTOBER 881 AD EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI OCTOBER 881 AD EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI EVENT OCTOBER 881 AD LEVANTINE COAST EVENT OCTOBER 881 AD LEVANTINE COAST CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMI AT ACRE CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMI AT ACRE
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  • MAY 1053 AD EARTHQUAKE MAY 1053 AD EARTHQUAKE EVENT MAY 1063 AD COASTAL LEBANON EVENT MAY 1063 AD COASTAL LEBANON CONSEQUENCES ARQA DESTROYED AND ABANDONED CONSEQUENCES ARQA DESTROYED AND ABANDONED
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  • AUGUST 15, 1157 EARTHQUAKE AUGUST 15, 1157 EARTHQUAKE EVENT AUGUST 15, 1157 MAGNITUDE 7 PLUS BEKAA VALLEY EVENT AUGUST 15, 1157 MAGNITUDE 7 PLUS BEKAA VALLEY CONSEQUENCES DEAD SEA RIFT ZONE DAMASCUS DESTROYED CONSEQUENCES DEAD SEA RIFT ZONE DAMASCUS DESTROYED
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  • JUNE 29, 1170 EARTHQUAKE JUNE 29, 1170 EARTHQUAKE EVENT JUNE 29, 1170 AD MAGNITUDE 7 PLUS BEKAA VALLEY EVENT JUNE 29, 1170 AD MAGNITUDE 7 PLUS BEKAA VALLEY CONSEQUENCES DEAD SEA RIFT ZONE CONSEQUENCES DEAD SEA RIFT ZONE
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  • JUNE-JULY 1201 EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMIS JUNE-JULY 1201 EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMIS EVENT JUNE AND JULY, 1201 LEVANTIAN COAST EVENT JUNE AND JULY, 1201 LEVANTIAN COAST CONSEQUENCES SEISMIC SWARM DESTRUCTION IN CYRPRUS, SYRIA, AND PALESTINE TSUNAMIS CONSEQUENCES SEISMIC SWARM DESTRUCTION IN CYRPRUS, SYRIA, AND PALESTINE TSUNAMIS
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  • MAY 20, 1202 EARTHQUAKE MAY 20, 1202 EARTHQUAKE EVENT MAY 20, 1202 MAGNITUDE 7.5 BEKAA VALLEY EVENT MAY 20, 1202 MAGNITUDE 7.5 BEKAA VALLEY CONSEQUENCES DEAD SEA RIFT ZONE TRIPOLI, HOMS, AND BAALBEK DESTROYED CONSEQUENCES DEAD SEA RIFT ZONE TRIPOLI, HOMS, AND BAALBEK DESTROYED
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  • AUGUST 8, 1303 EARTHQUAKE AUGUST 8, 1303 EARTHQUAKE EVENT AUGUST 8, 1303 EGYPT EVENT AUGUST 8, 1303 EGYPT CONSEQUENCES DAMAGE IN CAIRO AND ALEXANDRIA CONSEQUENCES DAMAGE IN CAIRO AND ALEXANDRIA
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  • DECEMBER 1403 - JANUARY 1404 EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMIS DECEMBER 1403 - JANUARY 1404 EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMIS EVENT DECEMBER 1403- JANUARY 1404 LEVANTINE COAST EVENT DECEMBER 1403- JANUARY 1404 LEVANTINE COAST CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMI CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMI
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  • SEPTEMBER 19, 1509 EARTHQUAKES SEPTEMBER 19, 1509 EARTHQUAKES EVENT SEPTEMBER 10, 1509 MARMARA SEA EVENT SEPTEMBER 10, 1509 MARMARA SEA CONSEQUENCES ISTANBUL DESTROYED CONSEQUENCES ISTANBUL DESTROYED
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  • JULY 21, 1752 EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI JULY 21, 1752 EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI EVENT JULY 21, 1752 LEVANTINE COAST EVENT JULY 21, 1752 LEVANTINE COAST CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMIS CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMIS
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  • NOVEMBER 25, 1759 BEKAA VALLEY EARTHQUAKE NOVEMBER 25, 1759 BEKAA VALLEY EARTHQUAKE EVENT NOVEMBER 25, 1759 MAGNITUDE 7.4 BEKAA VALLEY EVENT NOVEMBER 25, 1759 MAGNITUDE 7.4 BEKAA VALLEY CONSEQUENCES DEAD SEA RIFT ZONE BEIRUT AND DAMASCUS DEVASTATED 30,000 DEAD CONSEQUENCES DEAD SEA RIFT ZONE BEIRUT AND DAMASCUS DEVASTATED 30,000 DEAD
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  • AUGUST 13, 1882 EARTHQUAKE AUGUST 13, 1882 EARTHQUAKE EVENT AUGUST 13, 1822 ALEPPO, SYRIA EVENT AUGUST 13, 1822 ALEPPO, SYRIA CONSEQUENCES 20,000 KILLED 17,000 HOUSES DESTROYED CONSEQUENCES 20,000 KILLED 17,000 HOUSES DESTROYED
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  • JANUARY 1, 1837 EARTHQUAKE JANUARY 1, 1837 EARTHQUAKE EVENT JANUARY 1, 1837 TIBNIN, JORDAN EVENT JANUARY 1, 1837 TIBNIN, JORDAN CONSEQUENCES 4,000 KILLED CONSEQUENCES 4,000 KILLED
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  • DECEMBER 12, 1856 EARTHQUAKE DECEMBER 12, 1856 EARTHQUAKE EVENT DECEMBER 12, 1856 JORDAN VALLEY EVENT DECEMBER 12, 1856 JORDAN VALLEY CONSEQUENCES TIBERIAS DESTROYED TSUNAMIS CONSEQUENCES TIBERIAS DESTROYED TSUNAMIS
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  • JULY 11, 1927 EARTHQUAKE JULY 11, 1927 EARTHQUAKE EVENT JULY 11, 1927 MAGNITUDE 7.2 JORDAN VALLEY EVENT JULY 11, 1927 MAGNITUDE 7.2 JORDAN VALLEY CONSEQUENCES JERUSALEM AND AMMAN DAMAGED 340 DEAD MANY HOUSES DAMAGED CONSEQUENCES JERUSALEM AND AMMAN DAMAGED 340 DEAD MANY HOUSES DAMAGED
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  • DECEMBER 26, 1939 ERZINCAN- REFAHIYE EARTHQUAKE DECEMBER 26, 1939 ERZINCAN- REFAHIYE EARTHQUAKE EVENT DECEMBER 26, 1939 MAGNITUDE 8 MANY AFTERSHOCKS ERZINCAN- REFAHIYE, TURKEY EVENT DECEMBER 26, 1939 MAGNITUDE 8 MANY AFTERSHOCKS ERZINCAN- REFAHIYE, TURKEY CONSEQUENCES NORTH ANATOLIAN FAULT ZONE 43,000 KILLED 76,000 INJURED 200,000 HOUSES DESTROYED CONSEQUENCES NORTH ANATOLIAN FAULT ZONE 43,000 KILLED 76,000 INJURED 200,000 HOUSES DESTROYED
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  • MARCH 6, 1952 EARTHQUAKE MARCH 6, 1952 EARTHQUAKE EVENT MARCH 16, 1952 MAGNITUDE 6 COASTAL LEBANON, 50 KM SOUTH OF BEIRUT EVENT MARCH 16, 1952 MAGNITUDE 6 COASTAL LEBANON, 50 KM SOUTH OF BEIRUT CONSEQUENCES 136 DEAD 6.000 HOUSES DESTROYED CONSEQUENCES 136 DEAD 6.000 HOUSES DESTROYED
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  • OCTOBER 10, 1980 EL ASNAM EARTHQUAQKE EL ASNAM, ALGERIA EARTHQUAKE OCTOBER 10, 1980 2,500 DEATHS 300,000 HOMELESS > $ 4 BILLION IN LOSSES (10 % OF ALGERIAS GDP) EL ASNAM, ALGERIA EARTHQUAKE OCTOBER 10, 1980 2,500 DEATHS 300,000 HOMELESS > $ 4 BILLION IN LOSSES (10 % OF ALGERIAS GDP)
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  • NOVEMBER 23, 1980 IRPINIA, ITALY EARTHQUAKE NOVEMBER 23, 1980 IRPINIA, ITALY EARTHQUAKE EVENT NOVEMBER 23, 1980 MAGNITUDE 6.9 IRPINIA- BASILICATA, ITALY EVENT NOVEMBER 23, 1980 MAGNITUDE 6.9 IRPINIA- BASILICATA, ITALY CONSEQUENCES 2,914 KILLED AND 10,000 INJURED 300,000 HOMELESS AND DISPLACED AN ESTIMATED $50 BILLION IN LOSSES CONSEQUENCES 2,914 KILLED AND 10,000 INJURED 300,000 HOMELESS AND DISPLACED AN ESTIMATED $50 BILLION IN LOSSES
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  • DECEMBER 13, 1982 DAHMAR EARTHQUAKE DECEMBER 13, 1982 DAHMAR EARTHQUAKE EVENT DECEMBER 13, 1982 MAGNITUDE 6 DAHMAR, YEMEN EVENT DECEMBER 13, 1982 MAGNITUDE 6 DAHMAR, YEMEN CONSEQUENCES 15,000 KILLED OR INJURED 500,000 HOMELESS AND DISPLACED CONSEQUENCES 15,000 KILLED OR INJURED 500,000 HOMELESS AND DISPLACED
  • Slide 37
  • MARCH 13, 1992 ERZINCAN EARTHQUAKE MARCH 13, 1992 ERZINCAN EARTHQUAKE EVENT MARCH 13, 1992 MAGNITUDE 7.1 ERZINCAN, TURKEY EVENT MARCH 13, 1992 MAGN

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