north-south local government co-operation study is part of the north-south local ... clgf...

Download North-South Local Government Co-operation study is part of the North-South Local ... CLGF Commonwealth Local Government Forum CMRA Centre for Municipal ... MPED Municipal Partnerships

Post on 02-Apr-2018

215 views

Category:

Documents

2 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • The Association of Finnish

    Local and Regional Authorities

    Toinen linja 14 Tel +358 9 7711

    FI-00530 Helsinki Fax +358 9 771 2291 ISBN 978-952-213-690-9

    P.O.Box 200, FI-00101 Helsinki www.localfinland.fi Helsinki 2010

    Local Government Association Capacity Building Rationale, co-operation practices, and strategies for the future

    Ghana, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland and Tanzania

    Kimmo stman

    North-South Local Government Studies 4

    Local Governm

    ent Association Capacity B

    uilding Rationale, co

    -operation practices, and strategies for the future

    North-South Local Government Co-operation Programme

  • Kimmo stman

    ISBN 978-952-213-689-3 (pdf)ISBN 978-952-213-690-9 (book) The Association of Finnish Local and Regional AuthoritiesHelsinki 2010

    The Association of Finnish Local and Regional AuthoritiesToinen linja 14P.O.Box 200FI-00101 Helsinki, FinlandTel +358 9 7711Fax +358 9 771 2291www.localfinland.fi

    palmuniKonekirjoitusteksti

  • Local Government Association Capacity Building Rationale, co-operation practices, and strategies for the future 3

    North-South Local Government Co-operation Programme

    Programme overview

    The North-South Local Government Programme is coordinated and administered by the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities, the AFLRA (Suomen Kuntaliitto in Finnish) and funded by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. An initiative of the Association, the programme was launched in 2002.

    The overall objective of the Programme is to strengthen the capacities of local gov-ernment to provide basic public services and to promote good governance and local democracy, all by taking into consideration the principles of sustainable de-velopment. The aim is also to raise awareness of development issues, tolerance and development education.

    The Programme supports co-operation between Finnish local governments and local governments in Southern countries (OECD/DAC list). The geographical focus in 2008-2010 is Africa. The Programme also carries out research and organises train-ing on local government issues and the decentralization process taking place in African countries. This study is part of the North-South Local Government Co-operation Pro-grammes publications.

    For more information please visit:

    www.localfinland.fi/north-south (In English)www.kunnat.net/north-south (In Finnish)

  • 4

  • Local Government Association Capacity Building Rationale, co-operation practices, and strategies for the future 5

    Contents

    Abbreviations _____________________________________________________________________ 7

    For the Reader ____________________________________________________________________ 9

    1. Decentralisation, development, and the LGA _________________________________________ 11 1.1. Development challenges in sub-Saharan Africa __________________________________ 11 1.2. Decentralisation: local governments as development actors _________________________ 13 1.3. Decentralisation in sub-Saharan Africa ________________________________________ 15 1.4. Development and aid effectiveness: role of the LGA ______________________________ 19

    2. Association capacity building initiatives: a summary ___________________________________ 22 2.1. Background, scope, and overview ____________________________________________ 22 2.2. National Association of Local Authorities of Ghana (NALAG) ______________________ 26 2.3. Association of Local Government Authorities of Kenya (ALGAK) ___________________ 28 2.4. Association for Local Authorities in Namibia (ALAN) ____________________________ 31 2.5. South African Local Government Association (SALGA) ___________________________ 33 2.6. Swaziland Local Government Association (SWALGA) ____________________________ 38 2.7. Association of Local Authorities of Tanzania (ALAT) _____________________________ 39

    3. Association capacity building: tools, methods, and experiences ___________________________ 42 3.1. Communities of sharing, communities of practice _______________________________ 42 The institutional framework ______________________________________________ 42 Practices of sharing and exchange __________________________________________ 43 Platforms for co-operation and co-ordination _________________________________ 44 3.2. Capacity building in practice: selected examples _________________________________ 46 Case studies ___________________________________________________________ 46 Training ______________________________________________________________ 48 Evaluation and management ______________________________________________ 49 3.3. Capacity building in practice: toolkits and guides ________________________________ 51 Overview _____________________________________________________________ 51 FCM: Knowledge management, a guide for LGAs ______________________________ 52 VNG International: Five guides for LGAs ____________________________________ 52 Council of Europe: Toolkits for local government and LGAs ______________________ 53 Strategies for the Future __________________________________________________ 54

    Sources & Further Resources ________________________________________________________ 58

    Appendices ____________________________________________________________________ 69

    LGA Basic Information Sheets ______________________________________________________ 73

    Boxes, figures, and tables Box 1: The Conceptual framework of decentralisation ________________________________ 16 Box 2: Finnish support for decentralisation in Tanzania and Namibia ____________________ 18 Box 3: FCM: Experiences in managing ACB Co-Operation _____________________________ Figure 1: The Role of Local Government in Delivering on the MDGs ____________________ 13 Figure 2: The central principles of aid effectiveness __________________________________ 20

  • 6

    Table 1: Overview of recent ACB Co-Operation initiatives, summary ____________________ 25 Table 2: Overview of recent ACB Co-Operation initiatives, NALAG _____________________ 27 Table 3: Overview of recent ACB Co-Operation initiatives, ALGAK _____________________ 30 Table 4: Overview of recent ACB Co-Operation initiatives, ALAN ______________________ 32 Table 5: Overview of recent ACB Co-Operation initiatives, SALGA _____________________ 34 Table 6: Overview of recent ACB Co-Operation initiatives, ALAT ______________________ 40 Table 7: LGA capacity building toolkits and guides, overview by topic ___________________ 51 Table 8: Local level capacity building toolkits and guides, overview by topic ______________ 51

    Appendices Appendix I: The official list of millennium development goals and targets _________________ 69 Appendix II: Dialogical workshop method for on-going organisation development __________ 71 Appendix III: CIB Principles for ACB and MIC co-ordination _________________________ 72

    LGA Basic Information Sheets Basic Information Sheet: NALAG _______________________________________________ 73 Basic Information Sheet: ALGAK _______________________________________________ 76 Basic Information Sheet: ALAN _________________________________________________ 80 Basic Information Sheet: SALGA ________________________________________________ 84 Basic Information Sheet: SWALGA ______________________________________________ 89 Basic Information Sheet: ALAT _________________________________________________ 91

  • Local Government Association Capacity Building Rationale, co-operation practices, and strategies for the future 7

    Abbreviations

    General

    AAA Accra Agenda for ActionACB Association Capacity BuildingACP African-Caribbean-PacificAfDB African Development BankAIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency SyndromeAPRM African Peer Review MechanismAUC African Union CommissionCIDA Canadian International Development AgencyCLRAE Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of (the Council of ) EuropeCoE Council of EuropeDAC Development Assistance Committee at the OECDDANIDA Danish International Development AgencyDFID Department for International Development (UK)EAC East African CommunityECA United Nations Economic Commission for AfricaEU European UnionHIPC Heavily Indebted Poor CountriesHIV Human Immunodeficiency VirusLGA Local Government AssociationLGRP Local Government Reform Programme (Tanzania)MDGs Millennium Development GoalsMFA Ministry for Foreign Affairs (Finland, unless noted otherwise)MIC Municipal International Co-operationMRLGHRD Ministry of Regional and Local Government, Housing and Rural Development (Namibia)NGO Non-Governmental OrganisationOECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and DevelopmentSIDA Swedish International Development Cooperation AgencySIPU Intl SIPU International, Swedish consultancy and training organization in capacity building and institutional developmentUN United NationsUNAIDS United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDSUNDP United Nations Development ProgrammeUN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements ProgrammeWB World BankWHO World Health Organization

  • 8

    Local government associations and related organisations

    ABELO Association Burundais des Elus LocauxACP-LGP African Caribbean Pacific Local Government PlatformAFLRA Association of Finnish Local and Regional AuthoritiesALAN Association for Local Authorities in NamibiaALAT Association of Local Authorities of TanzaniaALGAK Association of Local Government Authorities of KenyaAMICAALL Alliance of Mayors and Municipal Leaders on HIV/AIDS in AfricaBALA Botswana Association of Local AuthoritiesCEMR Council of European Municipalities and RegionsCIB Capacity and Institution Building working group at the UCLGCLGF Commonwealth Local Government ForumCMRA Centre for Municipal Research and Advice, a research and consultan

Recommended

View more >