nomenclature and anatomy of flowers. flower anatomy:

Download Nomenclature and Anatomy of Flowers. Flower Anatomy:

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Nomenclature and Anatomy of Flowers Slide 2 Flower Anatomy: Slide 3 A complete flower has 4 parts present sepals petals stamens pistils Slide 4 Sepal One of the outermost flower structures Commonly small, green, leaflike structures Collective word for sepals and petals is called perianth Slide 5 Petals Usually conspicuously colored Collectively called the corolla Normally positioned between sepals and inner flower parts Slide 6 Stamens Threadlike extensions that stand upright from the perianth Male reproductive parts of a flower Consists of the anther and the filament Slide 7 Pistils Female reproductive parts of a flower Consists of the stigma, style, and ovary Slide 8 Types of Flower Structure Solitary Inflorescence Slide 9 Solitary Flowers Flowers that form singly on upright stalks Ex: tulips, roses, daffodils Slide 10 Inflorescence A flower that is made up of several florets Flowers have a branching pattern from the main stem The main stalk of an inflorescence is a peduncle, stalks that support the florets are called pedicels Slide 11 Types of Inflorescence Has an elongated inflorescence on the main stem. Ex: liatris, gladiolus Spike: Slide 12 Types of Inflorescence Similar to a spike except florets arent directly attached to the stem Ex: delphinium Raceme: Slide 13 Types of Inflorescence Has a flat top or slightly convex shape Has main stem with pedicels of unequal length Ex: yarrow Corymb: Slide 14 Types of Inflorescence Broad and flat topped Has divisions that arise below a terminal flower Ex: Bird of Paradise Cyme: Slide 15 Types of Inflorescence Flower cluster that is easily recognized Simple umbel has single pedicelled flowers all arising from the top of the main stem. Ex: agapanthus Compound umbel has secondary umbels arising from main stem. Ex: Queen Annes Lace Umbel: Slide 16 Types of Inflorescence Thick flower spike surrounded by a conspicuous bract. The spathe (bract) is often mistakenly identified as the flower Ex: Anthurium Spadix: Slide 17 Types of Inflorescence Slender, scaly-bracted inflorescence found on woody plants Ex: Willow, alder, birch Catkin: Slide 18 Types of Inflorescence Short, dense cluster of flowers in a flat pattern Ex: sunflowers Head Flower: Slide 19 Leaf Parts Three main leaf parts: Blade Petiole Stipules Slide 20 Three main leaf parts: Blade (the leaf itself) Petiole (the leaf stalk that connects the leaf blade to the stem) Stipules (the two appendages at the base of the petiole) Any of these parts may be lacking. For example, when there is not a petiole, the leaf is sessile (attached directly to the stem). Slide 21 Leaf Types Leaf type will affect texture, style and form in a floral design. Simple leaf: a leaf with a single blade Compound leaf: a leaf with more than one blade (leaflets). Leaflets are the smaller blades that make up a compound leaf and may be arranged in a variety of ways/ See page 135, Figure 9-21. Draw and label the four leaves shown. Slide 22 Leaf Vein Patterns Vein patterns in leaf blades are called venation Types parallel palmate pinnate See page 136, Figure 9-22. Slide 23 Slide 24 Leaf Vein Patterns Label the three types of leaf venation: 1. ____________ 2. _____________ 3. ____________ Name ______________ Slide 25 Leaf Shapes See page 137 Figure 9-24 Basic outline of the blade make up the shape of the leaf Ex: oblong, linear, pelate, elliptic Draw three different types of leaf shapes Slide 26 Leaf Margins Page 137 Figure 9-25 Edge of the leaf blade is called a margin The appearance of the margin can affect the texture of a design Ex: entire, undulate, serrate, lobed Draw three different types of leaf margins Slide 27 Post-harvest Physiology & Metabolic Processes: Please have your books open to pg 137 Background: Once plant material is harvested, the plants are still metabolizing. When flowers are cut, the supply of water and mineral nutrients for normal metabolic activity id temporarily cut off. And the flowers and foliage continue to lose water. Unless the water loss is inhibited, wilting and loss of turgor will result. Turgor (cell rigidity and firmness) Slide 28 Water Uptake & Transport Cut flowers need to drink water, which carries sugars and other compounds and helps keep flower parts turgid (firm). Flower stems have a plumbing system called the xylem, which is made up of tiny vessels. The xylem is the water-conducting tissue that carries water up the stem, to the leaves, and to the flower. Please draw figure 9-27 on page 139 and describe what is happening in the picture. Phloem is another plumbing system, but it is the food-conducting tissue. Slide 29 Transpiration Terms to Define: Page 139 Transpiration Stomata Relative humidity Slide 30 Respiration Terms To Define: Page 139 Respiration Carbohydrates Senescence Ethylene Slide 31


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