no tillage emater 2011

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Rafael Fuentes of EMATER presents no-till accomplishments in Brazil to Field Workshop organized by Project Breadbasket

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  • www.emater.pr.gov.brExperience of No Tillage System in smallholder farming - BrazilLutcia Beatriz CanalliAgronomist M.Sc. Soil ScienceDra Vegetal Production

  • ParanSCRGS Area (million ha) season 2010/11 Grain production No tillage PR8,8 5,7 (65%)SC 1,4 1,1 (78%)RGS 7,4 3,8 (51%)Brazil 49,2 28,5 (58%)

  • Font: Emater-RS, Epagri-SC, Emater-PR, CATI, FEBRAPDP

    Grf1

    140

    160

    153

    50

    100

    603

    area

    States

    Mil hectarea

    No Tillage in small farm BrazilAnimal traction

    Sheet1

    RSSCPRSPOutrosBrazil

    area14016015350100603

  • Font: Emater-PR (bean, corn, soybean)Excluding 2nd season and winter cover crops

    Grf1

    2.5

    5

    14

    43

    69

    79

    90

    104

    120

    137

    153

    Area

    Season

    Mil hectarea

    No Tillage evolution in Parana State, Brazil 1994/95 to 2004/05 - Animal traction

    Sheet1

    94/9595/9696/9797/9898/9999/0000/012001/022002/032003/042004/05

    Area2.551443697990104120137153

  • HISTORY1970s No tillage started in Brazil

    1985 the first no tillage planter with animal traction was developed by IAPAR (research institute) called GRALHA AZUL

    1992/93 31 Unities of test and validation of the Gralha Azul were established and carried in the small farms by EMATER-PR (official extension service), with FEBRAPDP (Brazilian Federation of No Tillage) support

  • RESULTSPLANTER IMPROVEMENT

    OTHER OPTIONS OF ANIMAL TRACTION PLANTER APPEARED

    FEASIBILITY OF THE NO TILLAGE ANIMAL TRACTION IN SMALL FARM

  • INCENTIVES and STRATEGIES to NO TILLAGE ADOPTION Governmental Programs:

    Communitary aquisition of equipments: planter, knife roller and sprayer Capacitation of farmers and technicians: Courses, Meetings, Field days

    Partnership between research and extension

    Farmer as a protagonist of the process

  • No Tillage in small farmAnimal traction

    Low power mecanization

    Small farm:until 50 hectareafamiliar labour or esporadically hiredestablished values of benefits and equipmentsestablished profit by year

  • SMALL FARM CARACTERISTICSSoil with low agricultural aptitude (strong declivity, low fertility, stones)

    Low capitalization and difficulty to access financial credit

    Difficulty to access technical information

    Inadequated utilization of imputs, plants rotation and conservacionist practices

  • In order to preserve the natural resources, to improve the productivity, the income and the quality life of the farmers and their families, all the governmental programs and projects envolving grain production have as base the No Tillage System.

  • Grains Project of Bean and CornCenter South RegionIt is a partnership between Government of Parana State, through EMATER-PR (official extension service) and the Multinational SYNGENTA, with support of Brazilian Federation of No Tillage on Cover Crop Residues, IAPAR, UEPG, EMBRAPA.

  • Grains Project of Bean and CornCenter South RegionEmbraces: 43 municipalities in 7 regions 125 demonstrative unities 47 technicians envolved More than 2500 farmers capacited

  • DEMONSTRATIVE UNITIESArea: 1 hectare

    Technology: adequated to the predominant system, having no tillage as base of sustainability of the process.

    Methodology: groups around 20 farmers discuss the unities results and exchange experience among them and with the technicians in courses, field days and meetings.

  • GRAINS PROJECT OF BEAN AND CORN PARTNERSHIP EMATER-PR / SYNGENTA / IAPAR Results of 64 Demonstrative Unities of bean Season 2009/2010

    Grf1

    921Brasil (Ago/2010)

    1534Parana (Ago/2010)

    1304Municipalities (1999)

    10871830

    21563140

    Average Productivity

    High Productivity

    Font: Emater-PR, Conab, Seab/Deral

    Productivity Kg/ha

    2.156

    1.830

    Sheet1

    Brasil (Ago/2010)Parana (Ago/2010)Municipalities (1999)Farmers (1999)Demonstrative Unities 2009/10

    Average Productivity9211,5341,3041,0872,156

    High Productivity1,8303,140

  • GRAINS PROJECT OF BEAN AND CORN PARTNERSHIP EMATER-PR / SYNGENTA Results of 50 Demonstrative Unities of corn Season 2009/2010

    Grf1

    4205Brazil (ago/2010)

    5649Parana (Ago/2010)

    5325Municipalities (1999)

    37795405

    825312000

    Average Productivity

    High Productivity

    Font: Emater-PR, Conab, Seab/Deral

    Productivity Kg/ha

    Sheet1

    Brazil (ago/2010)Parana (Ago/2010)Municipalities (1999)Farmers (1999)Demonstrative Unities (2009/10)

    Average Productivity4,2055,6495,3253,7798,253

    High Productivity5,40512,000

  • The success of the agricultural activity is directly related to managing capacity of the farmer and suitable managment of the natural resources.

  • In the current agricultural system, which is very competitive, the small farmers cannot risk, they must carry their farms as a small company and the technologies must be extremly dynamic, integrated and easy to adoption.

  • Reasons to no tillage adoptionaccording to the farmers:Reduction of labour (68%)

    Reduction of soil loses (51%)

    Grain productivity improvement (32%)

    Font: Ribeiro et. al. 1997

  • The hardless work and the less labour utilization, allowed by the no tillage system, makes possible the introduction of other activities on the small farm, with consequent income improvement.

  • Limitant factors to no tillage adoption according to the farmers: lack of financial resources to purchase the equipments

    clogging of the residues on planter components due to unknowing in relation to planter regulation and cover crop managment

    areas with stones

    Font: Ribeiro et. al. 1998

  • CONCLUSIONAgricultural Policy access to financial resources and credit

    Participative process of research and extension

    Farmers active agents in the development proccess

    Capacitation of technicians and farmers

    Official research and extension service well estructurated

  • CHALLENGESEstablishing new partnerships (City Halls, ONGs, Cooperatives, Companies)

    Creating mechanisms to difusion and adoption of no tillage system

    Capacitating technicians and farmers

    Searching quality in the no tillage system

  • When the objective is to improve the agricultural systems efficacy, to minimaze the environmental degradation and improve the quality life of the rural communities, besides of generation and difusion of technology, it is necessary that the agricultural policies also be suitable to small farm reality.

  • Thank you

    lutecia@emater.pr.gov.br

  • Fone: (41) 3250-2100emater@.pr.gov.brwww.emater.pr.gov.br