No, they won’t infect you……

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No, they wont infect you. Celline Kim----------------------Final Presentation-----------------------------------2009. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/30/Influenza-2009-cases.png/350px-Influenza-2009-cases.png. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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<ul><li><p>No, they wont infect youCelline Kim----------------------Final Presentation-----------------------------------2009</p></li><li><p>http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/30/Influenza-2009-cases.png/350px-Influenza-2009-cases.png</p></li><li><p>http://s.wsj.net/public/resources/images/NA-AX653D_NUMBG_NS_20090512230421.gif</p></li><li><p>Influenza A virus</p></li><li><p>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/avian/images/replication.gif&amp;imgrefurl=http://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/avian/review3.php&amp;usg=__8aC1jIDCy6wYZf5l12BxzsjZU=&amp;h=480&amp;w=450&amp;sz=28&amp;hl=en&amp;start=3&amp;um=1&amp;tbnid=1fT3bBgZsGeL5M:&amp;tbnh=129&amp;tbnw=121&amp;prev=/images%3Fq%3Dinfluenza%2Ba%2Bvirus%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dstrict%26um%3D1</p></li><li><p>http://images.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.unitedlabsinc.com/usa/images/npe_free/npe_chart.gif&amp;imgrefurl=http://www.unitedlabsinc.com/usa/content/about_us/npe_free.asp&amp;usg=__8ZTqFaA1DenxgOMdhyvSVGmveIw=&amp;h=474&amp;w=600&amp;sz=44&amp;hl=en&amp;start=3&amp;um=1&amp;tbnid=ANcGO9gqyuwVKM:&amp;tbnh=107&amp;tbnw=135&amp;prev=/images%3Fq%3Dnonylphenol%2Bethoxylates%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dstrict%26sa%3DN%26um%3D1Vasquez, 03</p></li><li><p>Novosad, 2002Acta Medica Journalhttp://twocw.educities.edu.tw/cocw/mit/NR/rdonlyres/Health-Sciences-and-Technology/HST-176Fall-2005/CDAE7761-966D-4287-B0E0-F327299C6584/0/chp_apopmicro.jpg</p></li><li><p>Idea Summation</p><p> Influenza stimulates 4-NP suppresses</p><p> Gene of interest: Sialic Acid Binding Ig-like lectin 12</p><p> U937 (ATCC) 4-NP + Estrogen</p></li><li><p>Novosad J, Fiala Z, Borska L, Krejsek J. Immunosuppressive effect of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by induction of apoptosis of pre-B lymphocytes of bone marrow. Acta Medica (Hradec Kralove). 2002;45(4):123128.</p><p>Eva C. Bonefeld-Jrgensen,1 Manhai Long,1 Marlene V. Hofmeister,1 and Anne Marie Vinggaard. Endocrine-Disrupting Potential of Bisphenol A, Bisphenol A Dimethacrylate, 4-n-Nonylphenol, and 4-n-Octylphenol in Vitro: New Data and a Brief Review. Environ Health Perspect. 2007 December; 115(S-1): 6976. </p><p>Bonefeld-Jorgensen EC, Ayotte P. AMAP Assessment 2002: Human Health in the Arctic. Oslo, Norway: Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme; 2003. Toxicological properties of POPs and related health effects of concern for the Arctic populations; pp. 5774.</p><p>Bjornstrom L, Sjoberg M. Mechanisms of estrogen receptor signaling: convergence of genomic and nongenomic actions on target genes. Mol Endocrinol. 2005;19(4):833842.</p><p>Fries, E., Puttmann, W. The dissipation, distribution and fate of a branched C14-nonylphenol isomer in lake water/sediment systems.</p><p>Hoponick, Jenny. Nonylphenol Ethoxylates. Sierra Club. 2005.</p><p>Jung, Mi Young, Kim, Tae Sung. Differential modulation of regulatory T cell activities by nonylphenol, octylphenol, and diethylstilbestrol. The Journal of Immunology. 2009. 182:47.3. The American Association of Immunologists.</p><p>Yao, Genhong, and Hou, Yayi. Nonylphenol induces thymocyte apoptosis through Fas/FasL pathway by mimicking estrogen in vivo. Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology. May 2004. Volume 17, Issue 1. P. 19-27. </p><p>Moran, TM, Isobe, H, Fernandez-Sesma, A, Schulman, JL. Interleukin-4 causes delayed virus clearance in influenza virus-infected mice. Department of Microbiology. Journal of Virology. August 1996, 5230-5235. Vol 70, No.8.</p><p>Ludwig, S, Ehrhardt, C, Neumeier, E.R., Kracht, M., Rapp, U.R., Pleschka, S. Influenza virus-induced AP-1-dependent gene expression requires activation of the JNK signaling pathway. Journal of Biology and Chemistry. April 2001. Vol. 276, Issue 14, 10990-10998. </p><p>Bibliography</p></li></ul>

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