no ordinary matter: conserving, restoring & enhancing africa's soils: dg agri, european commission...

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  • No Ordinary Matter

    European Commission

    Brussels January 30, 2015

    Sir Gordon Conway Director of Agriculture for Impact

    gordon@ag4impact.org Tel: +44 (0) 207 594 9337

    Twitter:@Ag4Impact Facebook: One Billion Hungry

  • Key messages

    Africas soils are highly diverse

    They are degrading rapidly

    There is a very high economic loss

    Donors and African governments have been neglecting them

    The answer lies in integrated soil management

    This includes climate smart soils

    Public funding is critical

  • Africas Soils are Highly Diverse

  • Africas Soils are Degrading Rapidly

    For SSA land degradation hotspots affect 26% of the land area The economic loss is about $68 billion a year affecting 180 million people

  • Soil, a global priority?

    Current efforts to strengthen sustainable land management are insufficient for scale of the challenge.

    Conservation, restoration and enhancement must be elevated to top priorities on global and national agendas.

    In Africa, sustainable land management must become a cornerstone of CAADP investment plans.

    Donors should provide renewed and invigorated funding.

    and must work with the OECD to develop a clear and transparent process for monitoring aid to soil and land management.

  • Healthy Soils

    A Healthy Soil is strong in Structure With an optimal mix of large and small particle sizes Providing good permeability and water holding capacity. It is highly fertile with rich humus and sufficient nutrients for high yields It is also rich in soil biota and contains no pollutants.

    REPAIR, RESTORE, ENHANCE AND CARE

  • Sustainable Intensification

    Increased production, income, nutrition

    On the same amount, or less, of land and water

    With efficient and prudent use of inputs

    Minimising emissions of Greenhouse Gases

    While increasing natural capital and environmental services

    Strengthening resilience

    Reducing environmental impact

  • Multiple Approaches

    Agro-ecology

    Genetics

    Socio-economics

  • Integrated Soil Management

    The Solution lies in combining the best of organic and conventional approaches in a way that is appropriately sustainable

  • Combining Conservation Agriculture with Microdosing

    Microdosing

    Conservation Agriculture

  • Microdosing Water

    Drip Irrigation

  • More than 5% reduction in length of

    growing period

    Average Annual Max Temp > 300C

    Source: Ericksen et al Mapping hotspots of climate change and food insecurity in the global tropics

    Climate Smart Soil

    CLIMATE SMART SOIL HELPS AGRICULTURAL SYSTEMS BECOME BETTER ADAPTED AND RESILIENT TO THE ADVERSE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE, WHILE MINIMISING THE

    EMISSIONS OF GHGS AND RESTORING THE LOST CARBON IN THE SOIL

  • Adaptation

    Reducing the impact of high temperatures

    Eg by Mulching

    Conserving moisture

    Eg Terracing and zai pits

  • Chaperone Genes for Drought Tolerance

    Genes from Bacterial RNA that help to repair misfolded proteins resulting from stress

    Plants rapidly recover

    No yield penalty when stress free

    In field trials

  • Mitigation

  • Mitigation

    Green House Gases from soils

    Nitrous Oxide, Methane, Carbon dioxide

    Fertiliser Deep Placement

    Urea super granules

  • Carbon Sequestration

    Key is Soil Organic Carbon (SOC)

    SOC lost due to agricultural practices

    Can be put back

    Conservation

    farming

    Agroforestry

  • Provide incentives for embracing ISM

    Despite the considerable potential gains, the uptake of ISM in Africa remains low

    Factors influencing farmers decisions to forgo better land management practices: tenuous land security,

    limited access to markets and financial resources

    obvious costs, but uncertain returns

    The public sector needs to provide incentives and better information for farmers to embrace ISM and to invest in soils and sustainable land management

  • Recommendations

    1. Strengthen political support for sustainable land management

    2. Increase financial support for investment in soil and land management

    3. Improve transparency for land and soil management

    4. Attribute a value to land degradation

    5. Start a Big Data Revolution on soils

    6. Create incentives, especially secure land rights

    7. Build on existing knowledge and resources

    8. Build soil science capacity in Africa

    9. Embrace integrated soil management

    10. Foster climate smart soil research and application

  • For more info on Ag4Impact go to: www.ag4impact.org

    Contact: gordon@ag4impact.org

    Tel: +44 (0) 207 594 9337 Twitter:@Ag4Impact

    Facebook: One Billion Hungry