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  • Nineteenth Century Artistic Movements

  • RomanticismRoughly 1750 1850Art designed to provoke a strong emotional response and to celebrate man as a creature of warm emotions rather than of cold logicA rejection of the new science and reason of the Industrial RevolutionOften promoted patriotic sentiments or celebrated the awesomeness of nature

  • Romantic Literature

  • The Brothers GrimmJacob & WilhelmGermanGathered anthologies of Germanic folk talesPublished Grimms Fairy Tales beginning in 1812, with regularly updated editions every few years as they gathered more stories

  • Lord Byron1788 1824British noble & poetDeveloped the Byronic hero which would become a hallmark of Romantic literature a dark, brooding, and often violent hero who still has the ability for doing good and loving deeply

  • Mary Shelley1797 1851English novelistStudent of Lord ByronWrote FrankensteinHad a child out of wedlock with the already married Percy Bysshe Shelley, the two later married after his first wife committed suicide!3 of their 4 children would die very youngHusband drowned at age 29Died of a brain tumor at 53

  • The Bront Sisters Charlotte: 1816 1855Wrote Jane EyreDied at 38 from tuberculosisEmily: 1818 1848Wrote Wuthering HeightsDied of tuberculosis at age 30Anne: 1820 1849Wrote Agnes Grey Died of tuberculosis at age 29

  • Victor Hugo1802 1885FrenchWrote Les Miserables and The Hunchback of Notre DameHighly successful within his own lifetimeForced into exile by Napoleon III over his political views

  • Alexandre Dumas1802 1870FrenchWrote The Three Musketeers, The Man in the Iron Mask, and The Count of Monte CristoBeing African, Dumas was never fully accepted into French high society

  • Washington Irving1783 1859AmericanWrote The Legend of Sleepy Hollow, Rip van WinklePerfected the short story as a serious genre

  • Nathaniel Hawthorne1804 1864AmericanWrote The Scarlet LetterWrote largely on mans tendency to sin, resulting in his work being called dark romanticism

  • Herman Melville1819 1891American Wrote Moby DickFocus was primarily on sea yarnsMelvilles work was not well reviewed in his own lifetime

  • Edgar Allan Poe1809 1849AmericanWrote many poems and short-stories in the horror genre: The Raven, The Black Cat, The Cask of Amontillado, The Fall of the House of Usher, The Pit and the Pendulum, The Murders in the Rue Morgue, The Tell-Tale HeartMarried his 13 year-old cousin (he was 26) but she died of tuberculosis at 15Poe died of unknown causes, but known to have been a heavy drinker

  • Romantic Music

  • Ludwig van Beethoven1770 1827GermanComposer of 9 full symphonies as well as various other piecesHighly experimental in his music, defying established classical conventionsContinued to compose music even after he had gone completely deaf

  • Frederic Chopin1810 1849PolishBegan composing music at age 7Most of his works are etudes for the pianoMuch of his work celebrated his Polish heritageDied of tuberculosis

  • Richard Wagner1813 1883GermanWrote mainly operas, most of which celebrated German history or folkloreOpenly racist and anti-Semitic, his works would be repopularized under the Nazi regime

  • Romantic Art

  • Francisco GoyaThe Third of May, 18081814 oil on canvas 8 ft. 8 in. x 11 ft. 3 in.

  • Francisco GoyaSaturn Devouring His Children1819-1823 fresco on canvas 4 ft. 9 in. x 2 ft. 8 in.

  • Eugne DelacroixDeath of Sardanapalus1826 oil on canvas 12 ft. 1 in. x 16 ft. 3 in.

  • Eugne DelacroixLiberty Leading the People1830 oil on canvas 8 ft. 6 in. x 10 ft. 8 in.

  • Caspar David FriedrichWanderer Above the Sea of Fog1818oil on canvas

  • Caspar David FriedrichAbbey in the Oak Forest1810oil on canvas3 ft. 7 1/2 in. x 5 ft. 7 1/4 in.

  • Thodore GricaultRaft of the Medusa1818-1819 oil on canvas 16 x 23 ft.

  • Thomas ColeThe Oxbow1836 oil on canvas 4 ft. 3 1/2 in. x 6 ft. 4 in.

  • Albert BierstadtAmong the Sierra Nevada Mountains, California1868 oil on canvas 6 ft. x 10 ft.

  • John Everett MillaisOphelia1852oil on canvas2 ft. 6 in. x 3 ft. 8 in.Her clothes spread wide,And mermaidlike awhile they bore her up-Which time she chanted snatches of old tunes,As one incapable of her own distress.

  • RealismRoughly 1850 1900Art designed to show the world as it really isArtists often sought to improve the situation of the poor by exposing the conditions in which they lived and worked

  • Realist Literature

  • Charles Dickens1812 1870EnglishWrote Oliver Twist, A Tale of Two Cities, Great Expectations, A Christmas CarolMuch of his work focused on the suffering of the poor in London

  • Mark Twain1835 1910AmericanWrote Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry FinnReal name Samuel ClemensWorked as a riverboat pilot, confederate soldier, journalist

  • Stephen Crane1871 1900AmericanWrote The Red Badge of CourageWorked as a war correspondent during the Spanish-American WarDied at age 28 from tuberculosis

  • Realist Art

  • Gustave CourbetThe Stone Breakers1849 oil on canvas 5 ft. 3 in. x 8 ft. 6 in.

  • Jean-Franois MilletThe Gleaners1857 oil on canvas 2 ft. 9 in. x 3 ft. 8 in.

  • douard ManetOlympia1863 oil on canvas 4 ft. 3 in. x 6 ft. 3 in.

  • Winslow HomerThe Veteran in a New Field1865 oil on canvas 2 ft. 1/8 in. x 3 ft. 2 1/8 in.

  • Thomas EakinsThe Gross Clinic1875 oil on canvas 8 ft. x 6 ft. 6 in.

  • John Singer SargentThe Daughters of Edward Darley Boit1882 oil on canvas 7 ft. 3 3/8 in. x 7 ft. 3 5/8 in.

  • Henry Ossawa TannerThe Thankful Poor1894 oil on canvas 2 ft. 11 1/2 in. x 3 ft. 8 1/4 in.

  • Jean-Lon GrmePolice Verso1872 oil on canvas 100.5 x 148.8 cm

  • Louis-Jacques-Mand DaguerreStill Life in Studio1837 Daguerreotype

  • Eugne Durieu & Eugne DelacroixDraped Model (back view)ca. 1854 albumen print 7 5/16 x 5 1/8 in.

  • Hippolyte JouvinThe Point Neuf, Parisca. 1860-1865 albumen stereograph

  • Eadweard MuybridgeHorse Galloping1878 collotype print

  • ImpressionismRoughly 1870 - 1900Art designed to show only the impression of things, not the full details of realismArt is characterized by rough brushstrokes, unfinished look

  • Impressionist Art

  • Claude Monet1840 1926FrenchConsidered the master of the Impressionist movementWinning the lottery afforded him the luxury of honing his art; very successful artist in his lifetime

  • Claude MonetImpression: Sunrise1872 oil on canvas 1 ft. 7 1/2 in. x 2 ft. 1 1/2 in.

  • Claude MonetSaint-Lazare Train Station1877 oil on canvas 2 ft. 5 3/4 in. x 3 ft. 5 in.

  • Claude MonetRouen Cathedral: The Portal1892-95 oil on canvas each approximately 3 ft. 3 1/4 in. x 2 ft. 1 7/8 in.

  • Edgar Degas1834 1917FrenchUnlike others, born into wealth, formally trained as an artistNever marriedSpent his last years nearly blind

  • Edgar DegasBallet Rehearsal1874 oil on canvas 1 ft. 11 in. x 2 ft. 9 in.

  • Edgar DegasLittle Fourteen-Year-Old Dancer1879-81 bronze, paint, tulle, satin, wood

  • Edgar DegasLabsinthe 1876 oil on canvas36 1/4 x 26 3/4 in.

  • Edgar DegasThe Tub1886 pastel 1 ft. 11 1/2 in. x 2 ft. 8 3/8 in.

  • Edouard Manet1832 1883FrenchMarried his fathers mistress (and his half-brothers mother!)Had to have a foot amputated due to gangrene caused by untreated syphilis and died several days later

  • douard ManetA Bar at the Folies-Bergre1882 oil on canvas 3 ft. 1 in. x 4 ft. 3 in.

  • Pierre Auguste Renoir1841 1919FrenchPainter and sculptorMarried one of his modelsDeveloped severe arthritis later in life, which kept him from painting

  • Pierre-Auguste RenoirLe Moulin de la Galette1876 oil on canvas 4 ft. 3 in. x 5 ft. 8 in.

  • Post-ImpressionismRoughly 1890 1920Art has a variety of styles, usually using sharp lines, bright colors

  • Post-Impressionist Art

  • Vincent van Gogh1853 1890DutchConsidered the master of the Post-Impressionist eraProduced over 2000 piecesCut off his own ear due to depression, later committed suicide by shooting himself in the chest

  • Vincent van GoghThe Night Caf1888 oil on canvas 2 ft. 4 1/2 in. x 3 ft.

  • Vincent van GoghStarry Night1889 oil on canvas 2 ft. 5 in. x 3 ft. 1/4 in.

  • Vincent van GoghStarry Night1889 oil on canvas 2 ft. 5 in. x 3 ft. 1/4 in.

  • Henri Toulouse-Lautrec 1864 1901FrenchBorn into nobilityParents were first cousins, Henri suffered from inbreedingLegs stopped growing at age 15 only stood 5 tallAlso suffered from hypertrophyDied from effects of alcoholism and syphilis

  • Henri de Toulouse-LautrecAt the Moulin Rouge1892-1895 oil in canvas 4 ft. x 4 ft. 7 in.

  • Georges Seurat1859 1891FrenchBorn wealthyDied at 31 from meningitis both of his children died within days of him from the same disease

  • Georges SeuratA Sunday on La Grande Jatte1884-1886 oil on canvas 6 ft. 9 in. x 10 ft.

  • Georges SeuratA Sunday on La Grande Jatte1884-1886 oil on canvas 6 ft. 9 in. x 10 ft.

  • Paul Gauguin1848 1903French1891: left Europe for TahitiSentenced to prison for a conflict with the church, he died from syphilis and alcohol abuse before he could begin his sentence

  • Paul GauguinThe Vision after the Sermon1888 oil on canvas 2 ft. 4 3/4 in. x 3 ft. 1/2 in.

  • Paul GauguinWhere Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going?1897 oil on canvas 4 ft. 6 13/16 in. x 12 ft