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  • Nigeria Erosion and Watershed Management Project (NEWMAP)

    ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT PLAN (ESMP)

    FOR IYI-UDELE FLOOD SITE IN ABAKALIKI CAPITAL CITY

    DRAFT FINAL REPORT

    State Project Management Unit (SPMU) Abakaliki, Ebonyi State.

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  • ii

    TABLE OF CONTENTS

    Content Page

    Cover Page

    Table of Contents ii

    List of Tables vi

    List of Figures vii

    List of Plates viii

    List of Abbreviations and Acronyms ix

    Executive Summary xii

    CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

    1.1 Background of the Project 1

    1.2. Description of the intervention 2

    1.2.1 Likely impacts of the Project 4

    1.3 Rationale and Objective of the project 4

    1.4 Scope of the Project’s ESMP 5

    CHAPTER TWO: INSTITUTIONAL AND LEGAL

    FRAMEWORK FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

    2.1 Background 7

    2.2 Policy and Legal Framework 7

    2.3 Administrative Framework 9

    2.3.1 Federal MDAs 9

    2.3.2 State MDAs 9

    2.3.3 World Bank Safeguard Policies 9

    2.4 International Treaties and Conventions on

    Environment to which Nigeria is a party 10

  • iii

    CHAPTER THREE: BIOPHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT

    3.1 Introduction 12

    3.2 Description of the Project Site 12

    3.2.1: Farming Activities in the Proposed Project Area 16

    3.3. Specific Project Design and Alternative 17

    3.4 Physical Environment 17

    3.4.1 Geology and Hydrology of the Proposed Project Area 17

    3.4.2 Physiography and Climate 17

    3.5 Environment Quality Assessment 23

    3.5.1 Analysis of Soil Samples 23

    3.5.2 Physico-Chemical Characteristics of the Soils 23

    3.5.3 Metal Content of the Soils 27

    3.6 Physico-Chemical Analysis of Water Samples 28

    3.7 Biological Environment 31

    3.7.1 Ecosystem 31

    3.7.2 Vegetation 31

    3.7.3 Fauna and Wildlife Resources 34

    3.8 Air Quality and Noise 36

    CHAPTER FOUR: SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS

    AND CONSULTATION

    4.1 Introduction 39

    4.2 Methodology 39

    4.3 Population Estimation and Projection 40

    4.4 Gender and Age of Respondents 40

    4.5 Current Marital Status of Respondents 42

    4.6 Educational Status of Respondents 42

    4.7 Occupation of Respondents 43

    4.8 Religion and Culture 44

    4.9 Assessment of Health Status of Respondents 44

  • iv

    4.10 Method of Waste Disposal 44

    4.11 Accessible Sources of Water 45

    4.12 Project Activity Impact Evaluation 45

    4.13 Stakeholders Consultation 46

    CHAPTER FIVE: ASSESSMENT OF POTENTIAL IMPACTS

    AND ANALYSIS OF ALTERNATIVES

    5.1 Introduction 51

    5.2 Impact Identification and Evaluation 51

    5.3 Potential Impacts of the Projects 51

    5.3.1 Potential Positive Impacts 51

    5.3.2 Potential Negative Impacts 52

    5.3.2.1 Negative Environmental Impacts 53

    5.3.2.2 Negative Social Impacts 54

    5.4 Analysis of Project Alternatives 57

    5.4.1 No Action Option 58

    5.4.2 Delayed Project Option 58

    5.4.3 Go Ahead Option 58

    CHAPTER SIX: ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL MANAGEMENT PLAN

    6.1 Introduction 60

    6.2 Mitigation Measures 60

    6.3 Project Monitoring 74

    6.4 Institutional Arrangements 83

    6.5 Capacity Building and Training 84

    6.6 ESMP Implementation Schedule 86

    6.7 Summary ESMP Estimated Budget 87

  • v

    CHAPTER SEVEN: SUMMARY, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSION 88

    References 90

    Appendix I 92

    Appendix II 99

    Appendix III 100

    Appendix IV 106

  • vi

    LIST OF TABLES

    Table 2.1: Relevant Federal/State Policies, Legislations, Regulations & Guidelines 7

    Table 2.2: International Treaties and Conventions on Environment to which Nigeria is a Party 11

    Table 3.1: Climate Data of Abakaliki, Ebonyi 20

    Table 3.2: Physico-chemical and microbial results of soil samples from the study area 24

    Table 3.3: Basic and heavy metal concentrations of the top soil (0–15 cm) 27

    Table 3.4: Basic and heavy metal concentrations of the sub soil (15–30 cm) 28

    Table 3.5: Result of Physicochemical Analysis of Water Samples 30

    Table 3.6: Terrestrial Floral Species Recorded in the Study Area 33

    Table 3.7: Terrestrial Fauna Species Recorded in the Study Area 34

    Table3.8: Results of ambient air quality measurements at the proposed project area 36

    Table 3.9: Ambient noise levels for the project area 38

    Table 4.1: Details of the Sampling Methodology and the Questionnaires Administered 39

    Table 5.1: Probability of Occurrence, Severity, Likelihood Ranking and Risk Matrix 52

    Table 5.2: Potential positive and negative environmental and social impacts 56

    Table 6.1: Environmental Management Plan 66

    Table 6.2: Social Management Plan 71

    Table 6.3: Mitigation measures and related monitoring activities( Environmental Section) 75

    Table 6.4: Mitigation measures and related monitoring activities (Social Section) 81

    Table 6.5: Institutional Roles and Responsibilities 83

    Table 6.6: Proposed Training Programme for the Implementation of ESMP 85

    Table 6.7: ESMP Implementation Schedule 86

    Table 6.8: Details of ESMP Cost Estimation 87

  • vii

    LIST OF FIGURES

    Figure 1.1: Iyi-udele River System and locations of Flood Hot Spots 2

    Figure 1.2 Typical Cross Section of Channel Drain 3

    Figure 1.3 Iyiudele Plan and Profile 3

    Figure 3.1: Map of Ebonyi State depicting the LGA of the Proposed Project 13

    Figure 3.2: Drainage Pattern of Abakaliki Capital City and the flood hotspot sites 14

    Figure 3.3: Map of Ebonyi State Showing the Location of Iyi-Udele 15

    Figure 3.4: Imagery of Iyi Udele River and its Flood Plain 16

    Figure 3.5: Geology of Abakaliki 19

    Figure 3.6: Rainfall Intensity in the Proposed Project Area 21

    Figure 3.7: Rainfall Intensity Duration in Proposed Project Area 21

    Figure 3.8: Wind Rose Diagram in the Proposed Project Area 22

    Figure 3.9: Soil Sample Points 25

    Figure 3.10: Water Sample Points 29

    Figure 3.11: Spatial Distribution of Air Quality Sample Points 37

    Figure 3.12: Ambient Noise Sampling Points 38

    Figure 4.1: Projected Population for Abakiliki LGA from 2006-2015 40

    Figure 4.2: Gender of Respondents 41

    Figure 4.3: Age Range of Respondents 41

    Figure 4.4: Marital Status of Respondents 42

    Figure 4.5: Educational Status of Respondents 42

    Figure 4.6: Occupation of Respondents 43

    Figure 4.7: Religion of the Respondents 44

    Figure 4.8: Refuse (Solid Waste) Disposal Method 45

    Figure 4.9: Impact assessment by respondents 46

  • viii

    LIST OF PLATES

    Plate 3.1: Iyi-Udele River channel downstream and upstream Ogbaga Road 13

    Plate 3.2: Secondary Vegetal Cover at Perimeter fence erected well inside the channel 32

    Plate 3.3: A cross-section of the vegetation type found in the area 33

    Plate 4.1: Consultant and Community Members in the Town Hall Meeting 47

    Plate 4.2: Consultant Interacting with the Youths During the FGD 47

    Plate 4.3: Consultant Interacting with the Men during the FGD 48

    Plate 4.4: Pictures of Consultant with the Women after the Meeting 48

    Plate 4.5: Interactive Session with a String Women Politician Led by a Youth at Iyi-Udele Area 49

    Plate 4.6: In-depth Interview with Assembly Church of God Member at Iyi-Udele Area 50

  • ix

    LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS

    BOD Biochemical Oxygen Demand

    CBOs Community Based Organizations

    DO Dissolved Oxygen

    EA Environmental Assessment

    EBSEPA Ebonyi State Environmental Protection Agency

    EC Electrical Conductivity

    EFCZM Erosion, Flood and Coastal Zone Management

    EIA Environmental Impact Assessment

    ESMF Environmental and Social Management Framework

    ESMP Environmental and Social Management Plan

    ESO Environmental S

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