new zealand guide to pavement structural design .2018-05-01  new zealand guide to pavement...

Download New Zealand guide to pavement structural design .2018-05-01  New Zealand guide to pavement structural

Post on 09-Jul-2018

224 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • New Zealand guide to pavement structural design

    Martin Gribble

    12 April 2018

    VERSION 1.1

  • New Zealand guide to pavement structural design

    NZ TRANSPORT AGENCY 12 April 2018 2

    Copyright information

    This publication is copyright NZ Transport Agency. Material in it may be reproduced for personal or in-house use without

    formal permission or charge, provided suitable acknowledgement is made to this publication and the NZ Transport Agency as

    the source. Requests and enquiries about the reproduction of material in this publication for any other purpose should be

    made to:

    Manager, Information

    NZ Transport Agency

    Private Bag 6995

    Wellington 6141

    The permission to reproduce material in this publication does not extend to any material for which the copyright is identified

    as being held by a third party. Authorisation to reproduce material belonging to a third party must be obtained from the

    copyright holder(s) concerned.

    Disclaimer

    The NZ Transport Agency has endeavoured to ensure material in this document is technically accurate and reflects legal

    requirements. However, the document does not override governing legislation. The NZ Transport Agency does not accept

    liability for any consequences arising from the use of this document. If the user of this document is unsure whether the

    material is correct, they should refer directly to the relevant legislation and contact the NZ Transport Agency.

    More information

    NZ Transport Agency

    June 2017

    978-1-98-851244-0 (online)

    If you have further queries, call our contact centre on 0800 699 000 or write to us:

    NZ Transport Agency

    Private Bag 6995

    Wellington 6141

    This document is available on the NZ Transport Agencys website at www.nzta.govt.nz

    http://www.nzta.govt.nz/

  • New Zealand guide to pavement structural design

    NZ TRANSPORT AGENCY 12 April 2018 3

  • New Zealand guide to pavement structural design

    NZ TRANSPORT AGENCY 12 April 2018 4

    1 Introduction ..................................................................................................................................................... 9

    1.1 Scope ....................................................................................................................................................... 9

    1.2 Safety in design ....................................................................................................................................... 9

    2 Pavement design systems ............................................................................................................................. 10

    2.1 Project reliability ................................................................................................................................... 10

    3 Construction and maintenance considerations ............................................................................................ 11

    3.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 11

    3.2 Extent and type of drainage .................................................................................................................. 11

    3.2.1 Water flowing within the pavement layers .................................................................................. 12

    3.2.2 Use of boxed construction ............................................................................................................ 13

    3.3 Improved subgrades ............................................................................................................................. 13

    3.4 Soft subgrades ....................................................................................................................................... 13

    3.5 Sprayed seals ......................................................................................................................................... 13

    3.6 Open-graded porous asphalt ................................................................................................................ 14

    3.6.1 Epoxy modified open graded porous asphalt ............................................................................... 14

    3.6.2 Membrane seals beneath OGPA layers ........................................................................................ 15

    4 Environment .................................................................................................................................................. 16

    4.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 16

    5 Subgrade evaluation ...................................................................................................................................... 17

    5.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 17

    5.2 Deflection testing .................................................................................................................................. 17

    5.3 Subgrade testing ................................................................................................................................... 17

    5.4 Limiting subgrade strain criterion ......................................................................................................... 19

    6 Pavement materials ...................................................................................................................................... 20

    6.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 20

    6.2 Unbound granular materials ................................................................................................................. 20

    6.3 Modified granular materials ................................................................................................................. 20

    6.4 Cemented materials .............................................................................................................................. 21

    6.4.1 Determination of design modulus ................................................................................................ 23

    6.5 Asphalt .................................................................................................................................................. 24

    6.5.1 Introduction .................................................................................................................................. 24

    6.5.2 Rate of Loading ............................................................................................................................. 24

    6.5.3 Typical asphalt mix characteristics ................................................................................................ 25

  • New Zealand guide to pavement structural design

    NZ TRANSPORT AGENCY 12 April 2018 5

    7 Design traffic ................................................................................................................................................. 26

    7.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 26

    7.2 Procedure for determining total heavy vehicle axle groups .................... Error! Bookmark not defined.

    7.2.1 Estimating axle groups per heavy vehicle ........................................ Error! Bookmark not defined.

    7.2.2 Estimation of traffic load distribution .............................................. Error! Bookmark not defined.

    7.3 Pavement damage in terms of standard axle repetitions ........................ Error! Bookmark not defined.

    8 Design of new pavements ............................................................................................................................. 27

    8.1 General .................................................................................................................................................. 27

    8.1.1 Continuously reinforced concrete pavement ............................................................................... 28

    8.1.2 Structural asphalt .......................................................................................................................... 29

    8.1.3 HiLab pavements ........................................................................................................................... 30

    8.1.4 Foamed bitumen stabilised base .................................................................................................. 31

    8.1.5 Modified aggregate base and cemented subbase ........................................................................ 31

    8.1.6 Modified aggregate base only ....................................................................................................... 32

    8.1.7 Unbound aggregate base - delayed OGPA application ................................................................. 32

    8.1.8 Granular Pavement Limitations .................................................................................................... 32

    8.1.9 Unbound aggregate base ...........................................................................

Recommended

View more >