Nelson's Tech Guides: Audio, Video, and Media in the Ministry

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In a worship service, a great measure of responsibility rests on those who volunteer in the audio, video, and media ministries. When everything is going well, no one notices, but when the microphones dont work or the projected song lyrics aren't in sync, everyone does. A well-functioning audio, video, and media team can help the congregation enter into a deeper and more meaningful worship. Each area of AV ministry is included: sound, projection, lighting, audio, video, broadcast, and web. The book also provides tips and instructions on selecting equipment and the set-up, storage, operation, and maintenance of it. Other leadership topics such as trouble-shooting problems in rehearsal and during services as well as tips for working with ministry leaders, musicians, and fellow congregants are discussed.

TRANSCRIPT

  • DR. CLARENCE FLOYD RICHMONDAuthor

  • Copyright 2010 by Th omas Nelson Publishers

    All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording, scanning, or other except for brief quotations in critical reviews or articles, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

    Published in Nashville, TN, by Th omas Nelson. Th omas Nelson is a trademark of Th omas Nelson, Inc.

    Th omas Nelson, Inc., titles may be purchased in bulk for educational, business, fund-raising, or sales promotional use. For information, please email: SpecialMarkets@Th omasNelson.com

    Book Interior: Stephen Ramirez

    Editor: Gabriel Hernandez

    Technical Editor: Dan Wothke

    Series Editor: Michael Lawson

    Produced in Association with Lawson Music Media, Inc.

    Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data is available upon request.

    ISBN: 1418541745

    ISBN-13: 9781418541743

    All Rights Reserved

    Printed in the United States of America

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 13 12 11 10

  • iii

    Contents

    Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii

    Chapter 1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1Open Letter to Media Team Members . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1Scriptures for Study . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2Purpose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Importance of the Media Ministry Team . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3Its About Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4A Scriptural Foundation for Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5Th e Disciples Argue About Greatness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

    Chapter 2 Media Team Organization and Oversight . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9Th e Media Coordinator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9Media Coordinator Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10Working with the Pastor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Budget . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11Tips for Dealing with Salesmen . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12Look for Consultants Who Do the Following . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Double Purposing Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Th e Media Ministry Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13Working with Musicians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Th e Media Ministry Tasks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14Keep It Simple . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15Media Team Organization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16Editing and Preparation of the Recordings for Broadcast

    or Internet Streaming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22Oversight of the Churchs Website . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23Maintenance of Computer Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

  • iv

    CONTENTS

    Chapter 3 Sound Reinforcement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27Soundboard Operator, Platform/ Stage Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27An E ective Soundcheck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29Balancing the Ensemble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30Platform or Stage Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33Miking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34Placing Microphones for Vocals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36Placing Microphones for Instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38Electronic Instruments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45A Word About Electric Guitars and Basses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47Th e Mixing BoardHow It Works . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48About Input Signals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50Wireless Microphone Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51In-Ear Monitoring Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52A Word About Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54Media Players . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55Decibel Meter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 Testing Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57Acoustically Treating a Sanctuary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57Ampli ers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58Common ProblemsPrevention and Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59Microphone Crackles, Clicks, or Static . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61Testing a Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61Wiring and Resoldering a Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61Th ere Is a Hum in the Monitors or House Sound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64Feedback . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65Sound is Metallic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66Sound is Booming . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66Soundtrack Wont Play . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66Musicians Not Staying Together, Cant Hear Each Other,

    Cant Hear Th emselves, or Are Out of Tune . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66Speaker Mic Has Reverb, Soloist Does Not . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

    Chapter 4 Projection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69Projection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69Lyrics and Sermon Notes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70

  • vCONTENTS

    Design Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70Operational Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75Projecting Video of the Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78Equipment Selection, Setup, Operation, Storage, and Maintenance . . . . 79Common Problems: Prevention and Solutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

    Chapter 5 Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91Lighting Ideas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

    Chapter 6 Audio Recording . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97Why Record Audio? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97Microphones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99Volunteers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100Recording Board Operator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100Computer and Soft ware Operator . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100Sound Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101Music Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101Checklist for Audio Recording . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101Audio Studio within the Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103Recording . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103Gear . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105Recording and Editing Hardware and Soft ware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105Duplication Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108Audio Editing Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109Copyright and Licensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112Common Recording Problems: Prevention and Solutions . . . . . . . . 116

    Chapter 7 Video Recording . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 Video Recording and Mixing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117Soft ware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119Checklist for Video Recording . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120

  • vi

    CONTENTS

    Video Studio within the Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 Lost Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123Broken Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123

    Chapter 8 Broadcasting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .