nelson mandela. biography rolihlahla dalibhunga mandela was born in mvezo near umtata on 18th july...

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  • Nelson Mandela

  • BiographyRolihlahla Dalibhunga Mandela was born in Mvezo near Umtata on 18th July 1918 his father Henry Mgdala Mandela was a chief of the Thembushis family was quite wealthy Mandela had a happy childhoodat the age of nine he lost his fatherhe was given his British name Nelson at a Methodist school

  • 1939: Mandela studied at Fort Hare College, where he met Oliver Tambo there he was first confronted with the injustice of the supremacy of the whitesafter a students strike Mandela and Tambo were expelledhe met Walter Sisulu who arranged a place at Witwatersrand university where he finished his law studies

  • Political careeras a student Mandela got involved in the political opposition which struggled for equal rights for the black majority 1944: he joined the African National Congress (ANC) and two years later he founded the Youth League of the ANC (ANCYL) with Tambo and Sisulu after the National Party had won the election the ANC was forced to fight harder against Apartheid

  • Mandela demanded: the preservation of full citizenship for everyone direct representation of all South-Africans in Parliament the right of trade unions, education and culture for everyone compulsory school attendance for everybody1952: Mandela, who had become the president of the ANC and ANCYL, travelled through the country to call upon the population to protestbecause of this Defiance Campaign he received a nine months suspended sentence with probation5

  • 1956: Mandela and others were accused of high treason 1961: the defendants were set free1960: after the Sharpeville massacre the ANC was forbidden his attitude changed, he accepted that violence was necessary1961: Mandela founded the armed wing of the ANC, the Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the nation)because of forbidden journeys abroad he was sentenced to five years imprisonmentpolice found documents of the ANC which incriminated Mandela and other members they were condemned to lifelong imprisonment

  • Time in prisonHe spent 18 years of his prison time on Robben Island lived in a 6x6- cell black prisoners werent considered to be human beingsthey developed the so-called Mandela University where they passed on the political views and the history of the ANC 1982: they were sent to Pollsmore Prison 1985: Mandela refused a possibility to get free because he would have to stop fighting violently

  • many people demonstrated for Mandelas release also many important politicians visited him1988: he was moved to a prison near Paarl, where he didnt feel like a prisoner any moreFrederik Willem de Klerk became leader of the National Party and president of south Africa he abolished the ban on the ANCafter the pressure of the ANC and foreign organisations and with the help of de Klerk Mandela was released in 1990

  • Peace work1990-1994: after his release he started to negotiate with all sections of the population Mandela and de Klerk received the Noble Peace Prize1994: Mandela became the first democratically elected president of South Africahe fought for better relationships between the black and the white populationhe developed a new constitution1999: Mbeki, who was also his successor in the ANC, replaced him as president2000: he worked as a mediator in Burundi and helped to develop a peace treaty4


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