“Negro” Jobs , “White” Jobs

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Negro Jobs , White Jobs. Black and White Workers in Ante-bellum America. ROBERT SMALLS (1839 1915) Stole the Confederate USS Planter 1862 SC House of Representatives During Reconstruction. SLAVE SOCIETY COERCION VIOLENCE SEXUAL EXPLOITATION SLAVE PATROLS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Negro Jobs, White JobsBlack and White Workers in Ante-bellum America

ROBERT SMALLS (1839 1915)Stole the Confederate USS Planter 1862 SC House of Representatives During Reconstruction

SLAVE SOCIETYCOERCIONVIOLENCESEXUAL EXPLOITATIONSLAVE PATROLSLAWS CONTROLLING SLAVE AND BLACK BEHAVIOR

MARKET REVOLUTION 1812 1860Raw Materials from South, Rural North and WestManufacturing in NorthTrans-Continental TransportationCreation of Markets

THE COTTON KINGDOM

1830: South = 300,000 bales of cotton per year1860: South = 5 million bales of cotton per year 75% of worlds cotton supply 4 million slaves, more than all other slave societies combined

TASK SYSTEM OF SLAVE LABORIndividual plots of land or type of cropFoodstuffs (sweet potatoes, greens)Blacks trade / barter with poor whitespre-Revolution: interracial farm laborers1800 1865: all-black slave labor

GANG SYSTEM OF SLAVE LABORPlantation Cultivation: Set Amount per dayCash Crops (cotton, sugar, rice)Blacks work independently of whites, white overseer

I would do my best to hasten the day when the color of the skin would be no barrier to equal school rights.William C. Nell, 1855

ABIEL SMITH SCHOOL (1835 1855)

DRED SCOTT DECISION 1857Dred Scott (c. 1799 1858) Harriett Scott (d. 1873)-Scott enslaved to the Blow family in VA, sold to Dr. John Emerson of MO-1836: Scott marries Harriett; they have two children-1842: John Emerson marries Irene Sanford. -1846: John Emerson dies; his estate is handled by John Sanford-1849: After offering Irene Sanford $300 for his freedom, he sues for his freedom in court

Chief Justice Robert Brook TaneyA Negro has no rights that a White Man is Bound to RespectAfrican-Americans are Not CitizensSlavery can exist wherever slaves are brought as property Missouri Compromise is unconstitutional Citizenship is reserved for white men

AME Church, 1816 God our Father, Christ our Redeemer, Man our BrotherAfrican Free Schools Freedoms Journal, 1827 New England Anti-Slavery Society American Anti-Slavery Society Legal Challenge to White Supremacy

Rev. Richard Allen(1760 1831)Charles Lenox Remond(1810 1873)

I would do my best to hasten the day when the color of the skin would be no barrier to equal school rights.William C. Nell, 1855

1850, William and Ellen Craft

We went to bed one night old-fashioned, conservative, compromise Union Whigs and waked up stark mad Abolitionists.(Amos Adams Lawrence, former Conscience Whig, on the Burns affair.)