ne 110 – introduction to ndt & qa/qc overview of qa/qc; ndt & qa/qc certification requirements...
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NE 110 Introduction to NDT & QA/QC Overview of QA/QC; NDT & QA/QC Certification Requirements Prepared by: Chattanooga State Community College Slide 2 Definitions Quality Assurance: All the planned and systematic activities implemented within the quality system, and demonstrated as needed, to provide adequate confidence that an entity will fulfill requirements for quality. Quality Control: Operational techniques and activities that are used to fulfill requirements for quality. Slide 3 Comparison of QA and QC QA - a program set up by management to develop procedures to follow to ensure that standards of quality are being met QC involves the actual testing of products to uncover defects or to ensure a product meets design specifications Slide 4 Key QA/QC Concepts Quality auditing independent review Metrology science of measurement Root cause analysis identification of the original reason for process nonconformance Preventive/corrective actions change enacted to eliminate nonconformance Continual improvement on-going effort to improve a process Slide 5 QA/QC Concentrations Civil Soil testing, inspection of structural steel or concrete 1 st inspectors needed to support new construction Mechanical Inspection of valves, pumps, piping systems, hangers/supports, lubrication systems, etc. Slide 6 QA/QC Concentrations Continued Electrical/I & C Need basic understanding of electrical equipment such as batteries, breakers, transformers, relays, motors, grounding systems, etc. Inspection of raceways, cable trays, wire terminations Receipt of equipment All QC personnel must be trained in methods of documentation, reporting, and records management Slide 7 American Society for Quality (ASQ) Offers 17 quality certifications Web-site provides description and education/experience requirements for: CQI (Certified Quality Inspector) CQE (Certified Quality Engineer) CQA (Certified Quality Auditor) CQT (Certified Quality Technician) CQM/OE (Certified Manager of Quality/Organizational Excellence) Slide 8 Certified Quality Inspector Description: performs laboratory procedures inspects products measures process performance records data/prepares formal reports Requires two years OJT (with high school diploma or GED) Exam topics include: Mathematics (20%) Metrology (30%) Inspection and test (30%) Quality assurance (20%) Slide 9 International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations Founded in 1947 Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland Slide 10 International Organization for Standardization (ISO) ISO derived from the Greek word isos, meaning equal (pronounced the same in all languages) Members from 163 countries ANSI is the US-representative to ISO ISO standards voluntary agreements based on consensus of international expert opinion Slide 11 ISO Quality Management Standards Provide a model to follow in setting up and operating a management system Slide 12 ISO 9000 Family An international consensus on good quality management practices ISO 9001:2008 a set of standardized requirements for a quality management system against which organizations can be certified Outlines requirements for: Control of documents/records Internal audits Control of nonconforming product/service Corrective action/preventive action ISO 9712 NDT Qualification and Certification of Personnel Slide 13 ISO 9001 Criticisms Amount of money, time, and paperwork required for registration Certification does not guarantee products produced are any good (as long as manufacturing consistent and well- documented) Slide 14 ANSI Founded in 1918 to enhance global competitiveness of U.S. businesses and U.S. quality of life by promoting and facilitating voluntary consensus standards Accredits procedures of standards-developing organizations More than 10,000 ANSI standards in publication ANSI History Slide 15 ANSI Standards ANSI N45.2 series QA program standards for design and construction of nuclear power plants ANSI N45.2.6 Delineates the qualification requirements for persons who perform inspections, examinations, and test to determine conformance of safety-related items to specific criteria Excludes NDT (covered by SNT-TC-1A) Not applicable for purposes other than verifying conformance Not applicable to personnel who perform technical specification surveillance testing Slide 16 ANSI 45.2.6 Qualification for Inspectors Levels I, II, and III (III is highest level) Requires formal training, OJT, and the satisfactory completion of a written exam TVAs NQAP (Nuclear Quality Assurance Program) provides alternate qualification requirements Slide 17 Level I/II Functions Level I technicians responsible for: Recording of test data Implementation of test procedures Level II technicians also responsible for: Planning inspections, including test set-up Evaluating validity and acceptability of test results Reporting of test results Supervision of lower level personnel Qualification of lower level personnel Slide 18 Level III Functions Level III technicians also responsible for: Evaluating the adequacy of programs to train and test inspection personnel Qualification of same level personnel Slide 19 ASNT American Society for Nondestructive Testing ASNT exists to create a safer world by promoting the profession and technologies of nondestructive testing Key Certification Standards: SNT-TC-1A, Personnel Qualification and Certification in Nondestructive Testing ANSI/ASNT CP-189, ASNT Standard for Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel Slide 20 NDT Certification Standards detail minimum training, education, and experience requirements Require employers to establish a procedure for certification of NDT personnel (called a written practice) Qualification vs. Certification 6 Levels of Qualification (CP-189): Trainee, Level I, Level II Limited, Level II, Level III, NDT Instructor Slide 21 NDT Certification Requirements Level I or II certification usually provided by employer For certification, individuals must pass: General written exam Specific written exam addressing equipment, procedures, techniques, codes, etc. for the organization Practical exam (demonstration of test and recording of results) Level III certification requirements may require testing by ASNT or ASME Slide 22 ATA Air Transportation Association, a trade organization for U.S. airlines Founded in 1936 Two ATA documents serve as guidelines for the training of inspection personnel ATA Specification 105, Guidelines for Training and Qualifying Personnel in Non-Destructive Testing Methods ATA Specification 107, Visual Inspection Personnel Training and Qualification Guide for FAR Part 121 Air Carriers Slide 23 AIA Aerospace Industries Association, represents major manufacturers of commercial, military, and business aircraft and spacecraft Established in 1919 NAS 410, Certification & Qualification Of Nondestructive Test Personnel replaces MIL- STD-410E (military test standard) NAS 999, Nondestructive Inspection of Advanced Composite Structure