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  • 1

    DELHI NCR

    Metropolitan Region Governance By-Thangula Harish, Rohit Dabas,

    Masters of urban and rural planning,

    department of architecture & planning,

    IIT Roorkee.

    Regional planning

    Background:

    It has been more than two decades that the National Capital

    Regional Plan was formulated for decentralizing economic

    activities from National Capital Territory of Delhi to Delhi

    Metropolitan Area (now called CNCR) and other towns of NCR.

    Gaining from the experience of planning National Capital Region

    (NCR), this evaluation study of DMA Towns attempts to assess

    their administrative governance, economic and transportation

    structure. The NCR is already witnessing boom in real estate

    development and with efforts of the State Governments

    concerned to develop Special Economic Zones, Hi-Tech Cities,

    Industrial Estates etc., are bound to have spread effect on the

    vast hinterland.

    I. INTRODUCTION

    Ever since the NCR Plan - 2001, was formulated, the

    development of Delhi Metropolitan Area Towns (DMA) has been receiving attention as important urban centers in the

    National Capital Region. Almost 20 years have passed since

    the formulation of NCR Plan - 2001and now, the NCR Plan -

    2021has also been notified. Hence, it is pertinent to explore

    the developments in DMA towns - whether they have been

    helpful in fulfilling the objectives of NCR Plan, what has been

    their overall role in contributing towards the economic

    development of NCR and also how far they have offset the

    role of NCT Delhi in terms of urban primacy. NCT Delhi has

    been experiencing rapid population growth and there has been

    no respite from unprecedented migration from small and

    medium towns and rural areas of the vast hinterland. On an

    average about 3 lakh persons are added every year to total

    population of NCT Delhi. It attracts number of migrants

    largely due to better employment opportunities, better

    infrastructure / services and above all better governance. In

    the past four decades, the population growth of NCT Delhi

    has been exceeding 50% per decade and has today resulted in

    a large population base of 13.85 million. Recent projections have indicated that population of NCT Delhi is slated to reach

    18 million in 2001 and is likely to cross 23 million by 2021.

    At this pace of population growth, the entire NCT Delhi may

    have to be declared as urban with very limited scope for horizontal expansion as the situation has reached saturation

    level. Hence, there is every possibility of catastrophic effect

    on the basic infrastructure / facilities, traffic and transportation

    and natural environment. To manage 23 million population in

    NCT Delhi by 2021 will be a challenging task for all

    concerned.

    DMA TOWNS IN

    NATIONAL CAPITAL REGION (NCR)

    Physical Setting -Ganga at its eastern boundary

    -Yamuna at north-south forming boundary between

    U.P and Haryana

    -Sand dunes and barrel hills of aravali in west

    -Gentle slope to north-east to south-west

    .

    NCR area is 1.06% of the Indias area; 86% of the Kerala 75.9% of Haryana 66.67% of Punjab

    NCR area is almost 23 times that of NCT-Delhi (1,483 sq. kms)

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    NCR area is more than the combined area of 3 States of Tripura, Nagaland and Sikkim (27,885 sq

    kms)

    National Capital Region-Delhi

    NCT Delhi cannot be viewed as the sole center of

    development in entire NCR. The Delhi Metropolitan Area

    Towns have to share the burden of NCT Delhi especially in

    terms of population redistribution, easing strain on

    infrastructure / services and effective transportation and

    communication linkages. Of late, with the emergence of new

    economic order in terms of globalization, liberalization and

    privatization, the emerging new development scenario is likely to influence the urbanization pattern, which may alter

    investment decisions. This means that with the increasing

    innovation in information 2 and communication technology

    (ICT), the forces of decentralization may gather momentum

    and thereby benefit relatively smaller urban settlements

    Formation of National Capital Region:

    Germane of Master Plan Delhi

    Delhi experienced phenomenal decennial population

    growth since 1951 recording 52.44%, 52.91%, 52.98%, 51.45%

    and 47.03% during 1951-61, 1961-71, 1971-81 and 1991-

    2001, respectively.

    However, post independence, it was observed that if Delhi

    continues to grow unabated, problems of land, housing,

    transportation and management of essential infrastructure

    would become more acute. It was this concern, the need for

    planning Delhi in regional context was felt.

    A. 1956: Interim General Plan suggested that serious consideration should be given to a planned

    decentralization to areas even outside Delhi region.

    B. 1961: A High Powered Board was set up under Union Minister for Home Affairs.

    C. 1962: Delhi Master Plan was published that emphasized Planning of Delhi in regional context.

    D. 1973: High Powered Board reconstituted under Union Minister for Works and Housing

    E. 1985: Enactment of the National Capital Region Planning Board Act by the Union Parliament, with the concurrence

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    of the participating States of Haryana, Rajasthan and

    Uttar Pradesh, NCR Planning Board was constituted.

    With continuing population growth trends, the projected

    population of National Capital Territory, Delhi by 2011 and

    2021 would be 18.20 million and 22.50 million persons,

    respectively.

    To maintain the sustainable growth of Delhi, NCR is the

    base for future investment opportunities.

    Sub-region wise Growth / Distribution of Population (in

    Lakhs):

    Population Projection as per Regional Plan-2021 for

    NCR

    Urban-Rural Components of Population in NCR (1981-

    2001)

    The four mega cities- mumbai , kolkata, delhi and chennai

    together account for more than 17% population and 4.5%

    reside in NCT-Delhi

    0

    50

    100

    150

    200

    250

    300

    350

    400

    1981 1991 2001

    Delhi

    Har

    Raj

    UP

    NCR

    Urban-Rural Comp Percent share (%)

    /Year 1981 1991 2001

    Urban NCR 45.87 50.23 56.39

    Rural NCR 54.13 49.77 43.61

    Urban NCR* 24.53 29.39 34.47

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    II. METROPOLITAN REGION GOVERNANCE:

    Board Members of NCR Planning Board

    The 19 members of the re-constituted Board, 2 Additional

    Co-opted members and 1 Co-opted member are as follows :

    Planning Process:

    To be prepared by the State Government or ulbs

    To be prepared by the State Government

    To be prepared by NCRPB

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    Metropolitan Region Governance:

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    Regional Plan-2021: Settlement

    Pattern

    7 Metro Centres/Complexes Faridabad Ghaziabad-Loni Complex Meerut Sonepat - Kundli Complex Greater Noida

    8 Counter-magnet area Bareilly (UP) Gwalior (MP) Hissar (Haryana) Kota (Rajasthan) Patiala (Punjab) Ambala (Haryana) Dehradun (Uttrakhand) Kanpur (U.P.)

    11 Regional Centres Bahadurgarh Panipat Rohtak Palwal Rewari-Dharuhera-Bawal Hapur Bulandshahr-Khurja Baghpat-Baraut Complex Alwar Greater Bhiwadi Shahjahanpur-Neemrana-Behror

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    III. TRANSPORTATION:

    NCR planning board prepared functional plan on transport- integrated multimodal transport plan (imtp)

    Functional plan was proposed after revising demand and supply of transport infrastructure in NCR

    The aim is to improve mobility of both people and goods and fast & efficient movement of transport.

    Plan Components: Regional rapid transit system New rail lines Regional mass rapid transit system Up-gradation of roads Expressways Bus-transport system Bus terminals Logistic hubs Integrated freight complexes Highway facility Airports

    Objectives -To provide efficient and economical transportation system

    -Provide accessibility to all parts and discourage transit

    through the core area of NCT-Delhi.

    Existing Transport System Road networks- 36,305km, Bus fleet- 58,300 buses, Rail

    network more than 1000km, Airport- domestic &international airports

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    Road network (radial in nature)

    Road density

    Transport scenario

    Volume to Capacity Ratio Measure of extent of utilization of road capacity .

    Ideally it should be less than 1

    Rural-0.5

    Urban-0.7

    As per norms

    Currently it exceeds the limit

    Rural-0.6

    Urban- 1.01 to 2.83

    Traffic and travel pattern On an average 2,21,575 vehicles travel in and out of ncr per

    day.Different passenger traffic modes for outer, middle and

    inner cordons

    Rail system Three zonal railways - Northern, North western, North

    central.625 trains -253 passenger long distance , 176 EMU

    trains(sub-urban)

    Metro rail in ncr 190km completed 136km sanctioned and under execution and

    completion estimated in december 2016

    Average daily ridership around 20lakh Bus transport

    Existing number of buses in NCR- 58,346 New sanctioned buses delhi-1600,

    faridabad- 150, meerut-150.

    Average 132 buses against 1 lakh population

    Air transport 3 operational runwa