national soil and water resources research and bswm.da.gov.ph/content/files/national soil and water

Download NATIONAL SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH AND bswm.da.gov.ph/Content/files/National Soil and Water

Post on 25-Jan-2020

0 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • NATIONAL SOIL AND

    WATER RESOURCES

    RESEARCH AND

    DEVELOPMENT/

    EXTENSION AGENDA

    2017 – 2022

    Republic of the Philippines

    DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

    Elliptical Road, Corner Visayas Avenue

    Diliman, Quezon City

    Marc Typewritten Text ISSN : 2651-7167

  • June 2018

    NATIONAL SOIL AND WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH AND

    DEVELOPMENT/ EXTENSION AGENDA

    2017 – 2022

    Republic of the Philippines DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

    Elliptical Road, Diliman, Quezon City

  • ii

    Soil and Water Resources Research and Development/

    Extension Agenda, 2017-2022

    Table of Contents

    Pages List of Tables iii List of Figures iii List of Acronyms iv Messages vi - viii Chapter 1. Introduction 1

    1.1. State of the Philippine Soil and Water Resources 2

    1.1.1. State of the Philippine Soil Resources 2 1.1.2. State of the Philippine Water Resources 9

    1.2. The Soil and Water Resources Research and Development/Extension (SWRRD/E)Network (1999-2003)

    17

    1.3. The National Soil and Water Resources Research and Development /ExtensionAgenda (2010-2016)

    19

    1.4. Rationale and Process in the Updating of the SWRRD/E Agenda

    20

    Chapter 2.0. The Soil and Water Resources Research and Development /Extension Agenda, 2017-20122

    23

    2.1. Goal 23 2.2. Objectives 23 2.3. SWRRD/E Framework 26 2.4. Updated SWRRD/E Agenda & NAP-DLDD Complementation 28 2.5. SWRRD/E Agenda The Research and Development, and Extension Agenda on Soil and Water Resources (2017-2022)

    29

    30 References 64 Acknowledgment 65

  • iii

    List of Tables

    Table 1 Philippine Land Resources 3 Table 2 Table 3 Table 4 Table 5

    Categories of Problem Soils Inventory of Water Resources Concerns in the Philippines Water availability projection in MCM/year by water resources region Summary of Inventory of Small-scale Irrigation Projects (SSIPs) Nationwide

    3 10

    12

    13

    List of Figures

    Figure 1 BOD Contribution from Point Sources 14 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 4 Figure 5

    BOD contribution from non-point sources Soil and Water Resources R&D/E Agenda Framework (2010-2016) Process Carried Out in the Formulation of the Updated National Soil and Water Resources Research &Development/Extension Agenda Strategic Framework for the Soil and Water Resources

    R& D/E Agenda and Inter-sectoral Partnership for Climate Change Adaptation and Biodiversity(Food Security, Environment and Climate Change Nexus Relative to Soil & Water R & D)

    15

    19

    22

    27

  • iv

    List of Acronyms

    PDP AFF RDEAP BAR BSWM DA SWRRDEA UNCCD NAP-DLDD LGU UPLB DOH ENSO PNSDW JICA NWRB SSIP SSIS BOD DOST- PCAARRD CLSU VSU USM NIA PAGASA DA R&D NSWRRDEA NESAF NAP-DLDD DAR DENR DOST SDG LDN UNCCD GSP ASP SSIPs SWRRD SLM NGAs CSOs

    Philippine Development Plan Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries Research and Development, Extension Agenda and Program Bureau of Agricultural Research Bureau of Soils and Water Management Department of Agriculture Soil and Water Resources Research and Development, Extension, Agenda United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification National Action Plan to Combat Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought Local Government Unit University of the Philippines at Los Baños Department of Health El Niño Southern Oscillation Philippine National Standards for Drinking Water Japan International Cooperation Agency National Water Resources Board Small Scale Irrigation Project Small Scale Irrigation System Biochemical Oxygen Demand Department of Science and Technology - Philippine Council for Agriculture, Aquatic and Natural Resources Research and Development Central Luzon State University Visayas State University University of Southern Mindanao National Irrigation Administration Philippine Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration Department of Agriculture Research and Development National Soil and Water Resources Research and Development Extension Agenda National Extension System for Agriculture and Fisheries National Action Plan to Combat Desertification, Land Degradation and Drought Department of Agrarian Reform Department of Environment and Natural Resources Department of Science and Technology Sustainable Development Goals Land Degradation Neutrality United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification Global Soil Partnership Asian Soil Partnership Small Scale Irrigation Projects Soil and Water Resources Research Division Sustainable Land Management National Government Agencies Civil Society Organizations

  • v

    LGUs DA-RFO PNRI PhilRice BAFS BPI Philrootcrops NPRCRTC NGO PO SCU NCIP FPA HLURB RAED AFP DENR-EMB UPLB-IPB AT M&E DEPEd CHED ATI NEDA DTI SWT

    Local Government Units Department of Agriculture – Regional Field Office Philippine Nuclear Research Institute Philippine Rice Research Institute Bureau of Agriculture and Fisheries Standards Bureau of Plant Industry Philippine Root Crops Research and Training Center Northern Philippine Root Crops Research and Training Center Non-Government Organizations Peoples’ Organizations State Colleges and Universities National Commission on Indigenous Peoples Fertilizer and Pesticide Authority Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board Regional Agricultural Engineering Division Armed Forces of the Philippines Department of Environment and Natural Resources - Environmental Management Bureau University of the Philippines Los Baños – Institute of Plant Breeding Agricultural Technician Monitoring and Evaluation Department of Education Commission on Higher Education Agricultural Training Institute National Economic Development Authority Department of Trade and Industry Soil and Water Management Technology

  • vi

    Message The Bureau of Soils and Water Management is recognized as the Nationally Mandated Agency on Soils and Water Resources Management for Agriculture. Hence, the management of soil and water resources is its prime responsibility. Considering that 11.45 million hectares or 38% of the total land area of the Philippines are vulnerable to soil / land degradation, it is a tough challenge for BSWM to addresses the natural causes like volcanic eruptions and problem soils; human-induced and policy- related causes of soil / land degradation. The Soil and Water Resources Research and Development/Extension (SWRRD/E) Agenda is an integral component of the Department of Agriculture’s Research and Development, Extension Agenda and Programs (RDEAP) for the Agriculture sector. Agricultural research and development provides the necessary policy framework, investment and support services in the implementation of national programs to actively respond to the specific needs of the sector. For the past decades, the Department’s goal is to assist farmers by providing inputs to increase yields. This approach has overlooked its impact on natural resources, as it relies heavily on the application of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides without consideration of proper soil fertility and nutrient management. Moreover, as the area in the lowlands decreases because of conversion to non-agricultural uses, farmers plant in the sloping uplands without practicing soil conservation management strategies. These practices resulted to various forms of soil degradation such as decline in soil organic matter, erosion, compaction, acidification, nutrient mining and biological degradation. This has also led to lossof biodiversity and declining ecosystem services thereby aggravating the negative impacts of climate change including flooding and drought. In addition, the demand of increasing population for increased food production and housing requirements resulted in the decline of agricultural lands from 9.6 million hectares in CY 2002 to 7.2 million hectares in CY 2012. Hence, there is an urgent need to focus on research and development / extension on appropriate soil and water management technologies and practices to ensure that ecosystem services provided by soil and water resources are sustained to contribute in the attainment of agricultural productivity and environmental protection. The updating of the Soil and Water Resources Research Development / Extension (SWRRD / E) Agenda (2017 – 2022) continuously responds to the Department’s mandate – “We must go back to its basic mandate to produce food for its people.” With the support of our partners and stakeholders, we can achieve our goal. Moreover, this shall serve as our guide in crafting policies that will address the current concerns and issues on soil and water management as an input to agricultural productivity.

    Republic of the Philippines Department of Agriculture OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY Elliptical Road, Diliman Quezon City 1100, Philippines

  • vii

    I commend the BSWM for taking the initiative, in collaboration with the Bureau of Agricultural Research in supporting this crucial undertaking. I would also like to thank our partners from the regional field offices, national government agencies, local government units, and academe who actively participated in the