Names of the 33 First Buddhist Patriarchs

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Names of the 33 First Buddhist PatriarchsAuthor(s): G. SchlegelSource: T'oung Pao, Vol. 8, No. 3 (1897), pp. 341-342Published by: BRILLStable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4525290 .Accessed: 28/06/2014 14:32Your use of the JSTOR archive indicates your acceptance of the Terms & Conditions of Use, available at .http://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsp .JSTOR is a not-for-profit service that helps scholars, researchers, and students discover, use, and build upon a wide range ofcontent in a trusted digital archive. We use information technology and tools to increase productivity and facilitate new formsof scholarship. For more information about JSTOR, please contact support@jstor.org. .BRILL is collaborating with JSTOR to digitize, preserve and extend access to T'oung Pao.http://www.jstor.org This content downloaded from 91.213.220.176 on Sat, 28 Jun 2014 14:32:52 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/action/showPublisher?publisherCode=baphttp://www.jstor.org/stable/4525290?origin=JSTOR-pdfhttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jsphttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspVARIETES. NAMES OF THE 33 FIRST BUDDHIST PATRIARCHS BY G. SCHLEGEL. ABEL REMUSAT WaS, we believe, the first who gave in his MNlanges Asiati- ques, Vol. I, p. 143 seq, a biographical list of these patriarchs, the immediate successors of Buddha, of which the first 27 laboured in India and the other six in China. He drew his list from the japanese edition of the ITA it, Book LXIV, pp. 24 seq.; but, on account of the fragmentary knowledge at that time of the chinese and sanscrit equivalents, the names of these patriarchs are irrecogniz- able. We note f. i. the name of Yeou- pho-kiou-to, in Japanese Ouvakikta (f* t ig s,), which we now know to be Upagupta, the 4th patriarch; that of Ti-to-kia ( $ j), in Japanese Daitaka, which is the name of the 5th patriarch Dhitika t), in Tibetan Dhitika. Remusat calls the 7th patiiarch Pa- soumi, without an attempt to an identi- fication with its sanscrit equivalent. It is Vasumitra, transciribed in Chinese i B w or 4 VA RIETES. Names of the Indian patriarchs. Year of death according to the Sanscrit name Mahaka'yapa Ananda Canakavasa Upagupta Dhitika Mikkaka Vasumitra Buddhanandi Buddhamitra Parnva (chinese I Punyayagas ACvaghosa (', ^ ) Kapimala Nagardjuna Kana-deva Rahulata Samghanandi Gayasata Kumarata Gayata Vasubandhu Manbrhita Padmaratna A Aryasiffha Nagagata or Basiasita Punyamitra Pradjinatara Bodhidharma Japanese B.C. 905 ,, ,) W) ) A.D. A.D. ,, ,, C B A 17 805 760 588 533 495 417 40 -376? 332 274 212 157 113 74 13 23 74 ( tt 125? 167? uncertain 325? ? 457 495 (k Hui-kho f 4 4) ) 485- Seng-ts'an f) { , 606 Tao-sin J , % - >) 651 Hung-jin J j > 673 Hui-neng ) t | 4) A 713 hft , a "7t 'hinese .C. 905 - 0 PI latest researches B.C. 458 -,, ," = 370 > 741 2 210 , -- 4 160) -, _ , 637 " 590 A.D. -t 1002) - B.C. 535 (?) - ,, 487 ?) > 442 A.D. 1)00 - B.C. 383 (?) 327 A.D. 140 , 269 D 137 , 212 i= 194 " - " t 215 - B.C. 113(?) 1 43 . 13 .D. - A.D. 22 7th year) 74 " -- t: 470 . - - 1 65 . -- . 209 -, ,, 259 > 325 325 . -- . 388 , 457 D 457 + Y V0 S ) ) " 529 -592 -ia3) - il AMI ^M aT A.D. 638-713 1) Eitel says A.D. 692, but this is surely an error. 2) Eitel is very confused. On page 51 he states that Kaniska reigned from 15 B.C. - 45 A.D.; and page 164 he places the 3d or 4th Synod under Kaniska in B.C. 153. sic! 3) Mayers, Manual, II, No. 215. 4) Abel Remusat, Melanges asiatiques, I, 125, has wrongly 'soui-klho for lHom-kko and Soui-neng for Houi-neng. 342 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 40. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 48. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. + A & This content downloaded from 91.213.220.176 on Sat, 28 Jun 2014 14:32:52 PMAll use subject to JSTOR Terms and Conditionshttp://www.jstor.org/page/info/about/policies/terms.jspArticle Contentsp. [341]p. 342Issue Table of ContentsT'oung Pao, Vol. 8, No. 3 (1897), pp. 261-360Zwei Mandschu-Chinesische kaiserliche Diplome [pp. 261-308]MlangesNote sur une inscription Persane trouve sur les bords du fleuve Orkhon en Mongolie [pp. 309-321]Les Inseriptions chinoises de Bouddha-Gay: III-V (Suite) [pp. 322-340]VaritsNames of the 33 First Buddhist Patriarchs [pp. 341-342]NcrologieJan Pieter Nicolaas Land [p. 343]Lallemant-Dumoutier [p. 344]le docteur Ernest Martin [pp. 344-345]Bulletin critiqueReview: untitled [pp. 346-348]Review: untitled [pp. 348-350]Review: untitled [pp. 350-352]Chronique [pp. 353-358]Notes and Queries [p. 359]Errata [p. 360]