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Download MUSICAL STYLE the way in which a composer or performer treats the following elements Melody Harmony Rhythm Tone Color Dynamics Texture Form

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  • MUSICAL STYLE the way in which a composer or performer treats the following elements Melody Harmony Rhythm Tone Color Dynamics Texture Form
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  • MUSICAL STYLE often times outside factors play into the style of a piece or artist TIME PERIOD / LOCATION / WHAT IT WAS MEANT FOR king, under class, ect.. concert hall or dinning room, dance, religious rite, drama, ect
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  • MUSICAL STYLE Music is not created in vacuum much borrowing and contrast occurs. to better understand music & style we turn to Music History
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  • Overview of Time periods Time periods are tied to World History events Ancient Greece, Rome, Egypt, Israel had music but nothing survives, JAZZ/R&B/ROCK HISTORY is mostly 20 th /21 st Century....a very small part of world music history
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  • MUSIC HISTORY TIME PERIODS MIDDLE AGES (450 1450) RENAISSANCE (1450 1600) BAROQUE (1600 1750) CLASSICAL ( 1750 1820) ROMANTIC (1820 1900) 20 th CENTURY to 1945 1945 to PRESENT
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  • MUSIC HISTORY TIME PERIODS MIDDLE AGES (450 fall of Rome 1450 printing press invented) RENAISSANCE (1450 1600 Birth of Opera) BAROQUE (1600 1750 death of BACH) CLASSICAL ( 1750 1820 death of Beethoven) ROMANTIC (1820 1900 start of 20 th cen. Industrial rev) 20 th CENTURY to 1945 (end of WWII) 1945 to PRESENT
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  • THE MIDDLE AGES 2 types of music Church & Secular little of manuscript survives & has no tempos dynamics or instrument names singers & instruments in paintings and literary descriptions but not certain exactly how
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  • Gregorian Chant for 1000 years official Roman Catholic Church music Monophonic in LATIN sung to enhance parts of religious services NAMED after POPE Gregory I (the great) who reorganized liturgy 590-604
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  • RENAISSANCE (1450-1600) (age of Humanisim) -printing press -Universal Man every educated person was expected to be musicians along with other education -Age of Shakespeare and rebirth of the arts -Church continues to be major patron of music but secular attention to courts begins to rise -Musicians enjoy higher status and pay; no longer content to be unknown
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  • BAROQUE (1600-1750) (The Birth of Opera) -Two Giants of the era Handel & Bach -Most other composers forgotten until rediscovered in the 20 th century
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  • THE CLASSICAL PERIOD (1750-1820) CP BACH & JC BACH Pioneers of pre-classical period (1730-1770) shift to simplicity, clarity, and balance in musically style most equate Classical Music title to anything non-pop / rock / jazz because of three greats are the most known & regarded Three greats of this period are MOZART, HAYDN, and BEETHOVEN
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  • THE ROMANTIC PERIOD (1820-1900) Similarities to Classical but Uses greater range of. Tone color Dynamics Pitch The harmonies are broader The use of unstable chords
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  • The Early 20 th Century (Age of Musical Diversity) OLD FORMS EXPAND Avant Garde / Atonal (12 Tone Music) NEW FORMS ARISE Blues Jazz Rhythm & Blues Rock & Roll
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  • JAZZ HISTORY TIMELINE The Blues & Ragtime (early 1900s) New Orleans Jazz / Chicago Jazz (1910s-1920s) Swing / Big Band (1930s-1940s) Be-Bop (1940s-1950s) Cool Jazz (1940s-1950s) Hard Bop (1950s-1960s) Funky Gospel (1950s-1970s) Avant Garde (1950s-1970s) Fusion (1970s) ** WATCH JAZZ HISTORY DVD 1 (0:00-31:30)
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  • The Blues Early blues Pre-Civil War Result of slaves singing very sad songs No chords No set form Sung in unison Songs were performed privately of for groups of slaves only
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  • The Blues Early blues After Civil war Music could be performed more openly Lyric became AAB (2 part form) Standardized chords 4 measure groups - 3 lines (12 BARS) 2 measures lyric, 2 measure fill Still topics were -usually unhappy situations
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  • Ragtime Originated in Sedalia, MO St. Louis became the Ragtime center around 1901 General Public first exposed to Ragtime at a series of Worlds Fairs held in Omaha, Chicago, Buffalo, and the 1904 Worlds Fair in St. Louis
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  • New Orleans Possibly the Birth place of Jazz but We must keep in mind that slaves were first brought to the Americas in 1619 to Virginia were African & European musical traditions most likely first mixed Also the first recorded instrumental Jazz was produced in New York around 1917. Pinning down Jazz musics exact time & place of birth is somewhat of an Historical mystery New Orleans is certainly a good place to look at
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  • New Orleans DIXELAND JAZZ FLOURISHES BECAUSE Early New Orleans melting pot of cultures City has rare racial mixing Congo Square Creoles 1 st Opera company and Symphonies in USA Marching bands, Parades, & Mardi Gras Storyville
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  • Chicago Style JAZZ (the roaring 1920s) Chicago was prosperous Many job opportunities Close to Detroit, model Ts and model A Fords Prohibition (1920-1933) Gangsters ruled Chicago Like the Storyville, Chicago provided musicians with many night clubs to play Recording studios mostly in Chicago and New York
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  • SWING THE SWING ERA Most noteworthy Jazz of all eras has an element of rhythm or feel that is referred to as swing The Swing Era general refers to. The period after Boogie-Woogie in the development of Jazz in the 1930s & early 1940s. The music of large dance bands that played written arrangements with the occasional improvised solo
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  • ROCK & ROLL HISTORY TIMELINE Boogie Woogie / R&B (late 1940s/early 1950s) Elvis / Teen Market (mid 1950s) Surf Music / Folk Rock (late 1950s) Motown / Atlantic Records (1950s / early 1960s) The British Invasion (mid 1960s) Soul music / Acid Rock & Woodstock (late 1960s) Heavy Metal / Punk Rock (1970s) Disco / Smooth Pop-Rock (1970s) MTV & Hip Hop (1980s) Generation X & Boy Bands (1990s) The New Millennium (2000s)
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  • HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT Tracing your favorite bands Musical History by tracing their influences Trace backwards from present day to as far as you can go most likely into Jazz or Blues influence