music in the renaissance (1450-1600)

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Music in The Renaissance (1450-1600). N.H.S. Humanities. Renaissance time line. 1450-1500 Josquin Desprez: Misse Pange Lingua “ Kyrie ” Arts and letters: Botticelli, La Primavera (1477) Historical events: Fall of Constantinople (1453) Gutenberg Bible (1456) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  • Music in The Renaissance (1450-1600)N.H.S. Humanities

  • Renaissance time line1450-1500

    Josquin Desprez:Misse Pange Lingua KyrieArts and letters: Botticelli, La Primavera (1477) Historical events:Fall of Constantinople (1453)Gutenberg Bible (1456)Columbus reaches America (1492)

  • Renaissance time line1500-1600Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina:Pope Marcellus Mass (1563) Qui TollisLeonardo Da Vinci, Mona Lisa (c. 1503)Michelangelo, David (1504)Raphael, School of Athens (1505)Titan, Venus and the Lute Player (c. 1570)

  • Renaissance time line1500-1600Thomas Weelkes: As Vesta Was Descending (1601)Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet (1596)Martin Luthers ninety-five theses, start of the Reformation (1517)Council of Trent (1545-63)Elizabeth I, queen of England (1558-1603)Spanish Armada defeated (1588)

  • The Renaissance Rebirth, or renaissance of human creativityPeriod of exploration and adventure (Columbus, Vasco da Gama, Ferdinand Magellan)Curiosity and individualism (Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci). Interest in realismHumanismCatholic Church is less powerful than during Middle Ages Martin Luthers Protestant ReformationMore books are printed in Europe

  • Music in the Renaissance 1450-1600

    Every educated person is expected to be trained in musicRenaissance town musicians: higher pay and statusFlemish composers: parts of the Netherlands, Belgium, and northern France. Germany, England and Spain other countries with a vibrant musical life

  • Characteristics of Renaissance music Words and music

    Vocal music is more important than instrumentalMusic enhances the meaning and emotion of the text. Word painting: musical representation of specific poetic imagesModerate, balanced way of expression: no extreme contrasts of dynamics, tone color or rhythm

  • Characteristics of Renaissance music TextureChiefly polyphonic. 4, 5 or 6 voice parts with equal melodic interestImitation is commonHomophonic texture is also usedFuller sound than medieval: bass registerMild and relaxed: consonant chords.Golden age of a cappella

  • Characteristics of Renaissance music Rhythm and melodyRhythm is a gentle flow: Each melodic line has great rhythmic independenceMelody usually moves along a scale with few large leaps

  • Sacred music in the Renaissance 2 main forms: Motet and Mass

    Motet polyphonic choral work set to sacred Latin text other than the ordinary of the mass

    Mass polyphonic choral work with 5 sections: KyrieGloriaCredoSanctusAgnus Dei

  • Josquin Desprez (1440-1521) and the MotetA Flemish composer from Belgium, contemporary of Leonardo Da Vinci and ColumbusAve Mariavirgo serena: 4-voice motetTexture is varied: polyphonic and homophonicDuple/triple meter change

  • Palestrina (1525-1594)and the Mass

    Italian Renaissance composer Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina104 masses and some 450 other sacred worksFor centuries, his masses are regarded as models of church music

  • Palestrinas Pope Marcellus MassA capella choir SATTBBKyrie 1st section of the mass:Kyrie EleisonChriste EleisonKyrie Eleison

  • Secular music Vocal music: groups of solo voices with the accompaniment. Word painting was commonMadrigal a piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love. Combines homophonic and polyphonic textures. More unusual harmoniesOriginated in Italy around 1520. Became popular in England. English madrigals are lighter and more humorous than ItalianAs Vesta Was Descending by Thomas Weelkes (1575-1623), and organist and church composer

  • The Renaissance Ballet (Fa-La)A simpler type of secular vocal music A dance-like song for several voicesMostly homophonic in structure. Fa-la syllables are used as refrainNow Is the Month of Maying (1595) by Thomas Morley (1557-1603), English composerEach stanza: AA refrain BB - refrain

  • Instrumental music

    Instrumental music becomes more independentMost music is for dance:Pavane or passamezzo duple meterGalliard triple meterHarpsichord, organ, lute, recorder, trumpet, cornett, sackbut (early trombone), viol, regal (small organ with reed pipes), shawm (ancestor of the oboe)Instrumental form of theme and variations

  • The Venetian School: from Renaissance to Baroque16th century Venice a center of instrumental and vocal musicVenetian School music directors and organists of St. Marks Cathedral and their colleagues

  • Giovanni Gabrieli (1555-1612)and the polychoral motetThe most important Venetian composer of the late Renaissance before MonteverdiPolychoral motets motets for 2 or more choirs, often with instrumentalistsPlaudite (Clap Your Hands), 1597. Written for a large vocal and instrumental ensemble of 12 voice parts divided into 3 choirs: low, middle and high register choirsThe homophonic structure of this piece brings it closer to Baroque style

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