multiple choice golden rules

Download Multiple Choice Golden Rules

Post on 22-May-2015

2.047 views

Category:

Entertainment & Humor

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • 1. This presentation was developed for the exclusive use of students enrolled in: Educational Testing & Grading,Professor Gregory E. Stone. 2004 Gregory E. Stone. All rights reserved. This presentation may not be reproduced in any form, in part or as a whole, without the express written permission of the author.

2. 1. Simple, Direct, Concise Avoid presenting irrelevant information. 3. Of the following gentlemen, who was elected president by a majority of the citizens of the United States after the Civil War?A. Abraham Lincoln B. Andrew Jackson C. Andrew Johnson D. Ulysses S. Grant 4. Of the following gentlemen, who was elected president by a majority of the citizens of the United States after the Civil War?A. Abraham Lincoln B. Andrew Jackson C. Andrew Johnson D. Ulysses S. Grant 5. Of the following, who was elected president of the United States after the Civil War?A. Abraham Lincoln B. Andrew Jackson C. Andrew Johnson D. Ulysses S. Grant 6. 2. Parallel response options Make certain options aregrammatically correct and of parallel content. 7. Christopher Columbus travelled to America in aA. airplane. B. boat. C. car. D. forest. 8. Christopher Columbus travelled to America in aA. airplane. B. boat. C. car. D. forest. 9. Christopher Columbus travelled to America in a/anA. airplane. B. boat. C. car. D. train. 10. 3. Plausible and real Dont make up nonsense terms. Ensure that incorrect answers arereasonable but clearly incorrect. 11. The free-floating structures within the cell that synthesize protein are calledA. chromosomes. B. free ribosomes. C. lysomenes. D. mediocrities. 12. The free-floating structures within the cell that synthesize protein are calledA. chromosomes. B. free ribosomes. C. lysomenes. D. mediocrities. 13. The free-floating structures within the cell that synthesize protein are calledA. chromosomes. B. free ribosomes. C. lysomenes. D. mitochondria. 14. 4. Alphabetize optionsAlphabetizing options ensures a true randomization of responses(i.e. A is not always the correct answer). 15. Which of these instruments is used to measure humidity?A. hygrometer B. barometer C. anemometer D. thermometer 16. Which of these instruments is used to measure humidity?A. hygrometer B. barometer C. anemometer D. thermometer 17. Which of these instruments is used to measure humidity?A. anemometer B. barometer C. hygrometer D. thermometer 18. 5. Option length similarEnsure that your correct answer and incorrect answers are of the same length. 19. Which of the following best illustrates the law of diminishing returns?A. Short supply B. Over population C. Decreased utility D. A factory doubled its labor force and increased production by 50 percent. 20. Which of the following best illustrates the law of diminishing returns?A. Short supply B. Over population C. Decreased utility D. A factory doubled its labor force and increased production by 50 percent. 21. Which of the following best illustrates the law of diminishing returns?A. A factory doubled its labor force and increased production by 50 percent. B. A machine decreased in utility as its parts became worn. C. The demand for a farm product increased faster than the supply of the product. D. The population of a country increased faster than the means of subsistence. 22. 6. Avoid repeating wordsIf all the options begin with the,simply move the up into the stem. 23. Pascals Law may be used to explain the operation ofC. a lever B. an electric fan. C. an empty bucket. D. a syringe. 24. Pascals Law may be used to explain the operation ofA. a lever. B. an electric fan. C. an empty bucket. D. a syringe. 25. Pascals Law may be used to explain the operationof a/anC. electric fan. B. hydraulic break. C. empty bucket. D. syringe. 26. 7. Dont be ambiguous Avoid using terms like usually often or rarely - these require speculation. Be specific! 27. 8. Avoid the Use of NegativesReverse thought questions maybe easy to write but are generallyjust confusing - and perform poorly. 28. Which of the following states is not north of the Mason-Dixon line?A. Maine B. New York C. Pennsylvania D. Virginia 29. Which of the following states is not north of the Mason-Dixon line?A. Maine B. New York C. Pennsylvania D. Virginia 30. Which of the following states is south of the Mason- Dixon line?A. Maine B. New York C. Pennsylvania D. Virginia 31. 9. Avoid abbreviations Use abbreviations only wherethey are standard, should be remembered and are printed intextbooks/standards. 32. 10. Avoid regional biasesNot all students come from YOURcommunity or background. Ensure all items are fair for a diverse culture. 33. 11. Order numbers and letters When letters or numbers are theoptions, ensure that they arealphabetized and/or in numerical order. 34. With which of the following vitamins is milk most often fortified?A. Vitamin D B. Vitamin C C. Vitamin B D. Vitamin A 35. With which of the following vitamins is milk most often fortified?A. Vitamin D B. Vitamin C C. Vitamin B D. Vitamin A 36. With which of the following vitamins is milk most often fortified?C. Vitamin A B. Vitamin B C. Vitamin C D. Vitamin D 37. 12. Options should be independent and mutuallyexclusive. Do NOT overlap item options 38. The founding fathers includedA. Jefferson, Lincoln and Washington B. Lincoln, Jefferson and Adams C. Adams, Jefferson and Washington D. Washington, Lincoln and Nixon 39. The founding fathers includedA. Jefferson, Lincoln and Washington B. Lincoln, Jefferson and Adams C. Adams, Jefferson and Washington D. Washington, Lincoln and Nixon 40. Who among the following is considered to be one of Americas founding fathers?A. Jackson B. C.JeffersonLincoln D. Nixon 41. Disco was a dominant musical form between which years?A. 1960-1970 B. 1970-1980 C. 1980-1990 D. 1990-2000 42. Disco was a dominant musical form between which years?A. 1960-1970 B. 1970-1980 C. 1980-1990 D. 1990-2000 43. Disco was a dominant musical form between which years?A. 1960-1969 B. 1970-1979 C. 1980-1989 D. 1990-1999 44. 13. Dont clue the answerAvoid using associations, phrases or similarity in option wording thatmy clang with the stem. 45. Which of the following organizations should you contact to find out about a tornado warning in your locality?A. Local radio station B. State farm bureau C. United States Post Office D. United States Weather Bureau 46. Which of the following organizations should you contact to find out about a tornado warning in your locality?A. Local radio station B. State farm bureau C. United States Post Office D. United States Weather Bureau 47. Which of the following organizations should you contact to find out about a tornado warning in your locality?A. Nearest radio station B. State farm bureau C. United States Post Office D. United States Weather Bureau 48. 14. Dont teachExams are not meant as learning exercises. Leave teaching to theschools. Let the learning occurbefore and after the exam. 49. Most of South America was settled by colonists from Spain. How would you account for the large numbers of Spanish colonists settling there? TheyA. wanted lower taxes. B. were seeking religious freedom. C. were adventurous. D. were in search of wealth. 50. Most of South America was settled by colonists from Spain. How would you account for the large numbers of Spanish colonists settling there? TheyA. wanted lower taxes. B. were seeking religious freedom. C. were adventurous. D. were in search of wealth. 51. Spanish colonists settled most of South America in search ofA. adventure. B. lower taxes. C. religious freedom. D. wealth. 52. 15. Watch those negatives Negative questions are sneaky -- ensure that there is no reverse polarity 53. Which of the following is not a safe driving practice on icy roads?A. Accelerating slowly. B. Holding the wheel firmly. C. Not slamming on brakes. D. Not slowing down gradually. 54. Which of the following is not a safe driving practice on icy roads?A. Accelerating slowly. B. Holding the wheel firmly. C. Not slamming on brakes. D. Not slowing down gradually. 55. Which of the following is considered a safe driving practice on icy roads?A. Accelerating quickly. B. Braking gently and slowly. C. Holding the wheel with one hand. D. Making sharp turns. 56. 16. Refer to a learning objectiveEnsure that all items closely match your objectives - you canttest what you dont talk about 57. 17. Avoid biased language Try not to be offensive to any particular racial, ethnic, gender etc group. 58. 18. Present a Problem A complete problem should be presented in the stem. Dont make candidates read the entire item before they figure out yourquestion. 59. The artificial satellite with the highest orbital speedA. is the most recently launched satellite. B. is the satellite in the higher orbit. C. is the satellite in the lower orbit. D. is the satellite with an orbit closest to the equator. 60. The artificial satellite with the highest orbital speedA. is the most recently launched satellite. B. is the satellite in the higher orbit. C. is the satellite in the lower orbit. D. is the satellite with an orbit closest to the equator. 61. Does the artificial satellite in higher or lower orbit have the higher orbital speed?A. Higher orbit. B. Lower orbit. C. Orbit speeds are identical. 62. 19. Straightforward vocabulary Dont use $100 words when a $25 word will do just fine. 63. 20. All and NothingAvoid the use of All or None of the Above in your responses. 64. Which of the following characteristics is not a difference between a trumpet and a trombone?A. Both are made primarily of metal. B. Both can play notes an octave below middle C. C. Both can change pitch primarily with valves. D. All of the above. E. None of the above. 65. Which of the following