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Monthly publicationa magazine devotedhis life, works, and

of the HORATIOto the study of

influence on the

ALGER SOCIETY,Horatio Alger, Jr.,culture of America.

ilIHIITft^.2,

1832 - 1899

Founcled 1961 by Forresl Campbell & Kenneth B. Butler

1979 Number 10Volume XVIT

Help the Algerwith all proceedsber Louis Bodnar,

Society stay solvent ! ! Please clonategoing to the HAS treasury. (CartoonJr., 1502 Laurel Ave., ChesaPeake, Yi

items for the annual auction,created and drawn by HAS mem-rginia 2T25).

NEWSBOY

HORATIO ALGEB SOC]ETY

To further the philosophy of HoratioAlger, J.., and to encourage the spiritof Strive anil Succeed that for half acentury guided Algerrs undauntedheroes

- |afls whose struggles epito-

mized the Great American Di'eam andflamed hero ideals in countless millionsof young Americans.

OPFTCERS

JERRY B. FRIEDLANDBRADFORD S. CHASECARL T. HARTMANNDALE E. THOMASRALPH D. GARDNERLESLIE I. POSTELEO (BOB) BENNETTMAX GOLDBERG

PRESIDENTYICE-PRESTDENT

SECRETARYTREASURER

DlRECTORDIR,ECTORDIRECTORDIRECTOR

Newsbo.y, the official organ of theHoratio Alger Society, is publishedmonthly (bimonthly January-February andJune-July) and is distributed to HASmembers. Membership fee for any twelvemonth period is $1O.OO. Cost for singleissues of Newsboy is $1.O0 apiece.

Please make aIl remittances payableto the Horatio Alger Society. Member-ship applications, renewals, changes ofaddress, claims for mlssing issues, analorders for single copies of current orback numbers of Newsboy shoulcl be sentto the Soclety's Secretary, Carl T.Hartmann, at 49OT Allison Drive , Lant-sing, Michigan 48910.

A subject index to the first ten yearsof Newsboy (Juty, 1962

- June, 1972) is

available for $1.5O from Carl Hartmannat the above adilress.

Manuscripts relating to HoratioAlgerrs life and works are solicited,but the editor reseryes the rlght toreject submitted material.

JilC XREMEI{BER: The HAS Convention -theItCleveIand Connection'r will soon be

here! I Donrt forget the dates, Thurs-day, May 1O through Saturday, NIay 12,1979, in Cleveland, Ohio.

J(*

NEW I\MMBER,S REPORTED

PF-5BO Floyd R. Martin6O25 North MontanaHelena, Montana 59601

Floyd heard. of HAS in the People t sAlmanac. Owner of an IC-L Cro"!fr rrraMeat Supermarket, he owns 'l 36 Algertitles. Besides book collecting, heis interested in coins and photography.

***PF-5191 Max Lanctot, of Burlington,

Vermont, has recently passed away. Ourcondolences are expressed to his family.

BOOK MART

The listing of Alger books in thisd.epartment is free to HAS members.Please list titte, publlsher, condition,and price.

Offered by John Juvinal}, 820 N.County Line Roac1, Hinsdale, fllinois60521. (Ter. : 312-32)*6112).

v,.-

VCast Upon the Breakers

(paperback, Popular Llbrary)Erie Train Boy l{hitmanFacing the World S&SThe Cash Boy Dono.Jackrs 'l{ard NfBJed the Poorhouse Boy Dono.Joers Luck Dono.Mark Masonrs Vlctory NfBMark Masonrs Yictory Dono.Phil the Ficldler Dono.Samr s Chance 'l{hitmanSamts Chance WhitmanShifting. for Himself WinstonSilas Snobdenrs Offlce Boy

(paperback, Popular Library)Slow and Sure l{hitmanStrong and Steady WhitmanStruggling Upward CanyonTom Tracy S&STry and Trust WhitmanWait and Hope Dono.Making His Way l{hitmanThe Young Adventurer Dono.The Young'Musician Dono.Tom Temple?s Career Whitman

(please add postage to eachbooks )

E $1.OO

F 2.OOF 4.OOG 4.OOP 3.OOP 2.O0P 3.00F 4.00F 3.00F 1.00G 3.O0P 2.OOG 5.OOE 1.00

F 2.OOF 2.OOE 1.O0G 20.00F 2.OOF 3.OOF 2.OOF 3.O0F 3.O0F 5.OO

ord.er of

May

I

I

I

I

NEWSBOY

Dan the Newsboy (1893)Frank tr'ow1er (1887)Tony the Hero (1890)Tom the Bootbfack (-1889)

Offered by J. Gary Newton, 91 5 HayStreet, P.0. Box 5-3401, FayettevilIe,N.C. 28305.

Gary announces that he has more t.h"'10O Algers for sale or trade, allpriced from $1.O0 to $1O.00. Pleasewrite him for list.

Offered by Emily F. Spalding, 7411l7th Avenue, Kenosha, Wisconsin 53142.

The following are all published- byA. L. Burt Co., New York.

HAS member Gilbert K. Westgard wroteme stating that the style of vritingwas def initely not Alger t s . HAS memberEddie LeBlanc adviseo me that my sourceof information was usually correct.

My reason for this letter is that fhave locaied another story by CarlCantab. Gleason?s Weekly Pictor.La!,January 1!, 1878, on page 43 carries astory entitled, "EIiphalet Foggi 0rrThe Man Who Couldnrt Say Noil by Cantab.

If Alger wrote these stories, andperhaps others under this name, I wouldlike to add these to my Alger collection.If on the other hand Cantab anil Algerwere entirely different story t,ellersf would like to know that. I will ap-preciate any information pro or con.

Regards,

Dlck Seddon**

1 {1;gi1y $fi eer iee $t:r. rt.t{ T{k!f, } (*atr * *rsit8it,-Y:iim,tli ;,,,:i1

*iyin. 1?!\| \rrrwtxlf,t., ft, !. "'ll"':r,,,,,,,, :'ttitl:{**i**iiiilti;

E $1 2.50E 20.00E 1r.O0E 15.00

Dick Bales, 1518 Plum Street, Aurora,Illinois 605O6 wri,tes that he has 5Ovarious volurnes of the hardcover maga-zine Amer:Lcan Heritage for sale for$50.0O. He collects glass antiquemarbles which he would also take insteadof the money. A1so, let him know if youhave any marbles for sale.

ABBREY]AT]ONS USED IN THTS MONTHTSrrBOOK MART"! E = Excellent, G = Gooil,F = Fair, P = Poor, Dono. : DonohuerS&S = Street and Smith, NYB = NewYortrr Book*

* J(A NEW ALGER SHON,T STORY?

by Dick Seddon

+&&

gl riri

ils.tsEftils

4 Edgewater PlaceWinchester, Mass.

01 890March 17, 1978

Dear Jack,

In the December, 1977 Newsboy you pub-lished a story by Carl Cantab whom Ihave reason to believe was Horatio A1-ger, Jr., r+rlting under yet anotherpseudon3,.rn. I had hoped that some one ofour research minded members would writein with evidence which would prove ordisprove my belief. Actually, I heardfrom two members who by reason of theirconflicting opinions leaves me where Istarted.

1979

d$l

&

$tfiB

I*s

li33K

NEWSBOY

ITALIAN CHILD SLAIMBYAND TI{E PADRONE SYSTEM

(Part II)

byDouglas Tarr

(faitorts note: Part I of thispaper rras presented in the April , 1979issue of Newsboy).

I{ho first campaigned against thepadrone system is not clear. Certainlythe Childrenrs Aid Society played amajor ro1e, encleavoring to arouse publicopinion in both Italy and the UnitedStates. An 1 873 report to the ItalianChamber of Deputies commended the C.A.S.for its work. Charles Brace himself re-ceived a meilal from the King of ftalyfor his ro1e. (18) Another crusaderwas G. F. Sechi de Casali who in 1 849established the first important ftalianlanguage nev'spaper in New York City,LrEco drItalia. De Casali had supportedBracers Italian School in 1855 andthrough his paper actively worked to im-prove the lot of Italian immigrants,both chililren ancl adutts . (1 9)

Horatio A1ger, Jr., famecl author ofboysr books, brought the issue to publicattention in his own way. In 1 872 hisPhil. the Fiildler was published. Phil,or Filippi, is in the hanrls of a paclroneas the story opens, but like Algerrsother heroes, rises to a position ofrelative vealth and respectability.Though its plot resembles other Algerbooks, Phil, the Fidd"ler is a faithfulportrayal of the pad"rone system albeittoned do.wn, probably because the bookwas clirected. primarily to young boys.In a preface Alger acknowled,ges A. E.Cerqua ancl Secchi cle Casali as sourcesfor PhiI, the Ficldler. Alger te1lsus, rrlf the story of tPhil, the Fid.dlerrtin revealing for the first time to theAmerican public the hardships and i11-treatment of these r+andering musicians,shall excite an active syrnpathy in theirbehalf, the author will feel abund.antlyrepaid. for his labors.r' (20)

Alger provides further documentationin a footnote r.i'hen one of Philrs friends

dies in the padroners house. Algercites a Neapolitan physician, quoted inLtEco -d"rIta1ia, who said only twentypercent of the children returned homewhile thirty percent stayed in theUnitecl States and adopted various occu-pations when they grew up. The otherfifty percent d.ied from their i11-treatment. (21)

As the book ends, Alger reminils us thatthat rrthere are hundreds of young streetmusicians vho have not met vith his[ffrifts] good fortune, but are compellecl,by hard necessity, to submit to the sameprivations and hard.ships from which heis happily relieved. May a brighierday dawn for them also I " (22)

Some writers give Alger sole creditor the major credit for ending thepadrone system. (n) However, padroneoperations were not eliminated foranother ten years after the publicationof Phil, the Fiddler. As we shall see,the evidence strongly supports givingthe New York Society for the Preventionof Cruelty to Children the credit foreliminating the padroni. The exactextent of Algerrs role remains unkno.wn,but unquestionably Phi1. the Fiddlerhelped av'aken public interest in thepadroni.

Regardless of who initiated. the cam-paign, by 1872 various newspapers hadbegun their own expcises. The Ny YorkTimes, for example, sent one of itsreporters along vith A. E. Cerqua tothe center of padrone operations, Cros-by Street. fn one build.ing on this

(18) Childrenrs Aid Society, TheChildrenrs Aid SS_"rgjy. of Nev YorkG"* Y"rk, @fooop a U"rr"nr""tolTSO+),p. 28q Bracel Life, p. 2O7.

(19) Iorizzo ancl Mondello, p. 26.(ZO) Horatio A1ger, Jr., Phil, the

Fiddler (1872; rpt. Chicago: M. A. Dono-