Modeling and Prototypes Foundations of Technology Modeling and Prototypes © 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEM 

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<ul><li><p>Foundations of Technology</p><p> Modeling and Prototypes 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology Teacher Resource Unit 2 Lesson 5</p><p> STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning </p></li><li><p>The BIG IdeaBig Idea: </p><p> At various intervals of the Engineering Design Process, conceptual, mathematical, and physical models are used to evaluate the design solution.</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Why Do We Use Models?Models are used throughout the Engineering Design Process to make observations and develop predictions.</p><p>Those observations and predictions are then evaluated and, if necessary, solution is redesigned. </p><p>Modeling allows an engineer/designer to test ideas against real-world conditions without incurring the cost of developing the product. </p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Types of ModelsModels can be conceptual, mathematical, or physical.</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Conceptual ModelsConceptual models are abstract models that use language and graphic-based representations to convey meaning. </p><p>They can include: Technical WritingGraphs and ChartsAnnotated SketchesTechnical Drawings</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Conceptual Models Technical WritingTechnical Writing is a very precise style of writing. Good technical writers practice: </p><p>Clarity the accurate use of words. Avoid jargon, abbreviations, slang, and unknown terms.</p><p>Brevity only essential language should be included. The key information should be stated first.</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Conceptual Models Technical WritingGood technical writers practice: </p><p>Simplicity provide necessary details. Do not use flowery language or needlessly complex language.</p><p>Active Voice use straightforward and strong language. Do not use a passive voice. </p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Conceptual Models Graphs and ChartsGraphs and charts are commonly used to show a relationship between two or more variables and to highlight a trend(s) for the audience. </p><p>Graphs and charts are commonly used to show data and results from evaluations.</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Conceptual Models Graphs and ChartsGraphs and charts commonly appear in the form of:Line Graph used to show the relationship between two or more objects and/or a trend.</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p>Chart1</p><p>4.32.42</p><p>2.54.42</p><p>3.51.83</p><p>4.52.85</p><p>Series 1</p><p>Series 2</p><p>Series 3</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>Series 1Series 2Series 3</p><p>Category 14.32.42</p><p>Category 22.54.42</p><p>Category 33.51.83</p><p>Category 44.52.85</p><p>To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.</p></li><li><p>Conceptual Models Graphs and ChartsGraphs and charts commonly appear in the form of:Bar Graph used to show the relationship between objects by measuring frequency.</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p>Chart1</p><p>4.32.42</p><p>2.54.42</p><p>3.51.83</p><p>4.52.85</p><p>Series 1</p><p>Series 2</p><p>Series 3</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>Series 1Series 2Series 3</p><p>Category 14.32.42</p><p>Category 22.54.42</p><p>Category 33.51.83</p><p>Category 44.52.85</p><p>To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.</p></li><li><p>Conceptual Models Graphs and ChartsGraphs and charts commonly appear in the form of:Pie Chart used to compare parts/percentages within one set of data.</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p>Chart1</p><p>8.2</p><p>3.2</p><p>1.4</p><p>1.2</p><p>Sales</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>Sales</p><p>1st Qtr8.2</p><p>2nd Qtr3.2</p><p>3rd Qtr1.4</p><p>4th Qtr1.2</p><p>To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.</p></li><li><p>Conceptual Models Graphs and ChartsGraphs and charts commonly appear in the form of:Venn Diagram used to show overlap between two or more sets of data.</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p>Data 1Data 2</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Conceptual Models Annotated SketchesAnnotated Sketches are sketches that include notes or labels, dimensions, and/or symbols.</p><p>Sketches are often used to show an idea or visibly capture a thought.</p><p>All sketches should include some type of annotation. 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Conceptual Models Technical DrawingsTechnical drawing is a visual communication language that is used to communicate how something works or is constructed.</p><p>All technical drawings include:Standard symbolsUnits of measurement </p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Conceptual Models Technical DrawingsTechnical Drawings can be produced using paper and pencil or on a computer using computer-aided design (CAD).</p><p>We will use two basics types of technical drawings:Orthographic projectionIsometric projection </p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Mathematical ModelsMathematical models are abstract models that use the language of mathematics to describe the behavior of the solution.</p><p>They can include:Statistical modelsDifferential equationsGame theoretic models (computer simulation) 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Mathematical ModelsMathematical models are used to simulate how a system or product might behave.They frequently use symbolic algebra to represent and explain mathematical relationships.Computers are often used to improve mathematical models by performing long, complicated, and/or repetitive calculations.Mathematical models are used to express ideas precisely. 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Creating a Mathematical ModelPrior to developing a mathematical model you must first determine:</p><p>The output or what you would like the model to achieve.The available data or what information can be used in the model.What research has been done to develop similar models.</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Creating a Mathematical ModelOnce the background information and output have been developed, you should:</p><p>Identify relationships among variables.Create/use an equation that relates those variables.Check the model for accuracy against similar systems or products.</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Physical ModelsPhysical models are three-dimensional models that represent the solution.</p><p>They can include:Mock-Up a representation of the final solution that does not function. Prototype performs the final solution and can be used for testing/evaluation. 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Physical Models Mock-UpA mock-up is a scale or full-size model primarily used for testing or demonstration. </p><p>Mock-Ups are primarily used by engineers/designers to collect feedback from potential users. 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p></li><li><p>Physical Models - PrototypeA prototype is a scale or full-size working or partially working model. </p><p>Prototypes are primarily used by engineers/designers to test and evaluate the design to further develop the product.</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p> 2013 International Technology and Engineering Educators Association STEMCenter for Teaching and Learning Foundations of Technology</p><p>STEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSlide #*TITLE SLIDE12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign[Authors: Please include teacher notes appropriately.] International Technology Education AssocSlide #*12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign[Authors: Please include teacher notes appropriately.] International Technology Education AssocSlide #*12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign[Authors: Please include teacher notes appropriately.] International Technology Education AssocSlide #*12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign[Authors: Please include teacher notes appropriately.] International Technology Education AssocSlide #*12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesignExample for Clarity avoid terms found on the Internet / text chat</p><p>Example for Brevity Despite a poor first half, the Ravens won the Superbowl vs. The Ravens won the Superbowl despite a poor first half. International Technology Education AssocSlide #*12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesignExample Simplicity Use vs. Utilization / At this time vs. Now / Made arrangements for vs. Arranged</p><p>Example Active Voice We completed X in order to determine Y vs. Y was determined by the group through several activities, which included X. International Technology Education AssocSlide #*12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign[Authors: Please include teacher notes appropriately.] International Technology Education AssocSlide #*12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign[Authors: Please include teacher notes appropriately.] International Technology Education AssocSlide #*12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign[Authors: Please include teacher notes appropriately.] International Technology Education AssocSlide #*12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign[Authors: Please include teacher notes appropriately.] International Technology Education AssocSlide #*12/01/2009STEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign International Technology Education AssocSTEMCenter for Teaching &amp; Learning Engineering byDesign[Authors: Please include teacher notes appropriately.] International Technology Education AssocSlide #*12/01/2009STEMCenter f...</p></li></ul>

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