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  • Model Training Course on Integrated Nutrient Management for improving soil health and

    enhancing nutrient use efficiency

    October 13-20, 2014

    Course Director

    Dr S K ShuklaPrincipal Scientist (Agronomy)

    Indian Institute of Sugarcane ResearchRai Bareli Road, P.O. Dilkusha, Lucknow-226 002 U.P.

    www.iisr.nic.inAn ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institute

    Sponsored by

    Directorate of ExtensionDeptt. of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture

    Govt. of India, New Delhi. 110012

    Atmospheric CO2

    Sugarcane-ratoon-Wheat Rice - wheat

    Plant biomass

    Leaf , Stalk

    Roots + Stubbles

    Plant biomass

    Trash, Stubbles, Root exudatesSMBC

    Canopy Air CO2

    Mixing

    Below ground Respiration

    CO2

    Soil Organic Carbon Stock

    Root exudates

    SMBC

    Decomposition

    Respiration

    Photosynthesis

    Respiration

    CO2Sequestration

    + Photo-respiration

    CO2Sequestration

    PhotosynthesisRespiration

    C 4 - C4 -C 3

    Leaf

    Culms Roots

    C 3 - C 3

    Biotic & Abiotic

    interactions

    Crop management :

    Variety, Tillage, Fertilizers and

    irrigation

    Soil , Microbes,Roots

    Micro and Macrofauna

    Carbon storage

  • Background

    About the Institute

    About the Model Training Course:

    High levels of added fertilizers inhibit interaction and association between microorganisms and their host plants. Association between N -fixing bacteria and 2plants may be severely limited when N fertilizers are supplied in excess. Diazotrophs as ectophytic or as endophytic bacteria may improve crop productivity either by the involvement in plant growth regulating substances or by supplying nitrogen, or both. Soil organic carbon plays an important role in sustaining crop productivity. Biological methods are more ecofriendly and also supply minor elements to crop. The scientific management of bio-resources to meet the present and future needs, without detrimental effects on soil quality and crop productivity is inevitable for system sustainability. It is in this context that the continuing search for promising cropping systems with integration of appropriate technologies is needed to exploit positive interactions between farm residues produce and market purchased inputs and enhances their use efficiencies. With the increase in food grains production, the turnout of crop residues has also proportionately gone up. Recycling of these residues in the field becomes limiting factor due to socio-economic compulsions as the major portion of these residues is used as animal feed and as fuel in rural homes. Some residues have also begun to find use as industrial raw materials. Some small paper mills are using rice and wheat straw for pulp making. Such competitive uses further reduce the availability of crop residues for recycling in the field. Even where crop residues are available for hand application, problems of their collection and transport to the field exist. The manual handling is also laborious due to the bulkiness of the materials involved. In addition, most residues need some type of pre-incorporation physical processing for example chopping of cane trash to facilitate their rapid biodegradation in the soil.The use of organics in association with chemical fertilizers has proved superior over its individual component. Moreover, organics increase the nutrient use efficiency and brings an economy in fertilizer use. The fertilizer and manurial schedules in the system help in correcting the emerging deficiencies of nutrients other than, N, P and K particularly the micronutrients. Bio-manurial nutrient management strategies include: i. integration of organics with fertilizers ii. nutrient management through legumes including green manuring iii. Crop residues recycling with an accent on input economy and iv. bio-manuring integrating biofertilizers with organics. Consequently an integrated approach involving chemical, organic and biological sources of nutrients will have to be adopted in an intensive cropping system for long-term maintenance of soil fertility.

    The Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research (IISR), Lucknow was established in 1952 by the erstwhile Indian Central Sugarcane Committee for conducting research on fundamental and applied aspects of sugarcane as well as to coordinate the research work on this crop in different states of the country. The Government of India took over the Institute from the Indian Central Sugarcane Committee on 1st January, 1954. On April 1, 1969, it was transferred to the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), New Delhi along with other central agricultural research institutes. Presently, Indian Institute of Sugarcane Research, Lucknow conducts research on fundamental and applied aspects of sugarcane and sugarbeet crops covering production and protection techniques, developing high sugar breeding stocks of sugarcane and varieties of sugarcane/sugarbeet, especially for sub-tropical region, developing linkages with SAUs, Research Centres and other organizations for collaborative research, exchange of information and material and providing training, consultancy and advisory services to farmers, industries and other users at regional, national and international levels.

    There will be a series of lectures and hands-on practical sessions on identifying nutrient deficiency symptoms and their ameliorative measures, crop residues recycling, bio fertilizer production technology, nutrient management for targeted

  • yield, nutrient management in abiotic stress conditions, ways to improve nutrient use efficiencies, determination of pH, EC and organic carbon in soil and their importance in crop production, role of sugar factory wastes in improving crop productivity and sustaining soil health, determination of bulk density and infiltration rate of soil, determination of soil enzymes responsible for transformation of nutrients, scope of organic cultivation, nutrient responsive sugarcane varieties for subtropical India, advances in biological control of sugarcane insect-pests and its effect on crop productivity, bioagents, their conservation, multiplication and application in field for crop protection, ddetermination of plant photosynthesis, respiration, stomatal conductance through Photosynthetic measurement system, determination of available nitrogen content in soil, determination of available phosphorus , determination of available potassium contents in soil, mechanization in agriculture vis--vis input use efficiency, interpretation of soil testing report, critical limits of various nutrients and calculation of quantity of fertilizer doses, soil sampling and determination of sand, silt and clay components and determination of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and sulphur through CHNS Analyser. Besides, visit to the nearby research institutes, sugar industry have also been planned for the participants to gain some insight in to other crops/ commodities.The main objectives of Model Training Course (MTC) are: 1. To improve the professional competence and upgrade the knowledge and

    develop technical skills of subject matter specialists/extension workers.2. To provide an opportunity of experience sharing, problem solving and

    interaction between experts and subject matter specialists.

    The highly experienced scientists and technical staff at IISR will form the major part of the faculty for the Model training course. Guest speakers from all over India including those from other ICAR/ SAUs will also be invited to deliberate on their area of expertise.

    All the officers / SMS / Trainees of the State Development Departments are eligible in Model Training Course. The senior technical officers / SMS / Trainees of KVK or State Agriculture University/ICAR are also eligible.

    The provision to meet traveling expenses has been made by the Government of India for the Officers / SMS / Trainees of the State Development Departments only. Traveling Expenses will be reimbursed on actual basis as per entitlement of the official who attended the training and will be asked to produce money receipts / tickets in support of his claim. If the Officers / SMS / Trainees of KVK or State Agriculture University/ICAR are attending the course, TA & DA may be borne by the concerned nominating institute. However, all participants are entitled to avail the lodging and boarding and other facilities. Any non-government organization (NGO), Farmers Organization interested to participate in the training course may have to bear the cost for lodging, boarding, course material and expenditure on TA & DA. In case of non-availability of normal reservation, the reimbursement of Tatkal reservation charges are allowed to the participants. A certificate from the participants will be required to be submitted to the institute to the effect that no claim is being made for T.A. by him from any other source/State Govt. A certificate from the participants will also be obtained by the institute to the effect that he has not received TA advance from the sponsoring state department/agency. The institute/university while inviting nomination of the participants must have indicated in the letter that the traveling expenses of the officer will be borne by the institute on behalf of the Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India.Seat: Twenty (20) participants will be selected on the basis of their ability to derive benefit from the programme.How to apply: Interested candidates may apply on prescribed proforma completed in all respects and duly forwarded by competent authority. However, an advance copy of application form may be submitted through e mail.

    Faculty

    Eligibility

    TA and Accommodation facilities

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