Migration of Tribal Groups From Asia – America During the Ice Age

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<ul><li><p>8/14/2019 Migration of Tribal Groups From Asia America During the Ice Age</p><p> 1/5</p><p>Research paper</p><p>Migration of tribal groups from Asia America during the Ice Age</p><p>Much has been said about how the first humans reached the</p><p>Americas and there are several hypotheses that try to explain this</p><p>fact, however, scientists agree on the same idea, the first humans to</p><p>arrive in the New World moved from Asia to the Americas through the</p><p>Bering Strait during the last Ice Age of the Pleistocene, which took</p><p>place approximately between 110,000 to 10,000 years before the</p><p>present time or BP.</p><p>Some theories state that humans might have travelled by boat</p><p>those 55 miles that separate the two continents, as theres evidence</p><p>that others reached Australia about 40,000 years ago, still the</p><p>strongest theory assumes that they did it by land, migrating along a</p><p>pack of ice called Beringia, which connected Siberia to the north west</p><p>of Canada working as a bridge for the migrating humans.</p><p>Even though modern humans crossed the Beringia, it is said it</p><p>took them thousands of years until they reached the north of the</p><p>Americas and finally entered the New World and these certainties are</p><p>proved by genetic archaeologists that state: There is much genetic</p><p>diversity in the first population than was previously thought in</p><p>comparison to the humans in Asia. For according to genetic</p><p>archaeologists humans endured the extremely cold weather in the</p><p>Beringia area for a long period. According to Ripan Malhi, a geneticist</p><p>1</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 Migration of Tribal Groups From Asia America During the Ice Age</p><p> 2/5</p><p>in the department of anthropology at the University of Illinois: The</p><p>ancestors of Native Americans who first left Siberia perhaps as much</p><p>as 30,000 years ago, came to a standstill on Beringia, a landmass</p><p>that extended from Northeastern Siberia to Western Alaska, and they</p><p>were isolated long enough as much as 15,000- to maturate and</p><p>differentiate themselves genetically from their Asian brothers.</p><p>Why did the homo sapiens migrate to the north crossing the</p><p>landmass that joined the continents? The answer is: because they</p><p>were following their sustenance, since it is well proved that by that</p><p>time the modern human in Asia and Siberia was a skillful hunter, who</p><p>chased several animals like mammoths, mastodons, bisons and deer,</p><p>which began to migrate to the New World and consequently, led the</p><p>first Natives of America to new lands unknown to them. However,</p><p>these hunters were so fierce that they butchered almost all the</p><p>animals on the area and soon had to move looking for more</p><p>mammals following the herds, therefore, little by little they entered</p><p>the Americas peopling the northwest of the Canadian area known as</p><p>Yukon, where great findings were made in Old Crow Basin such as it</p><p>is stated in the National Geographic Magazine (September 1979):</p><p>And here we emerge from the realm of speculation into</p><p>archaeological acceptance - the earliest widely acknowledged</p><p>occupation site in the New World, carbon dated to at least 27,000</p><p>years ago.. A prominent discovery on this area is a fossil bone from</p><p>a caribou, carbon dated to be 27,000 years old and used as a tool to</p><p>2</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 Migration of Tribal Groups From Asia America During the Ice Age</p><p> 3/5</p><p>remove flesh and/or hides from animals, which shows a clear</p><p>evidence of human manufacture</p><p>During this time, Canada and the northern part of United States</p><p>were almost completely covered with ice, nevertheless, there is a</p><p>hypothesis which states that about 25,000 to 10,000 BP there were</p><p>two huge ice sheets called the Laurentiade in the east and the</p><p>Cordilleran in the west, which had a passage in between called the</p><p>Ice free Corridor, this extent was free of ice and early humans could</p><p>follow herds along this corridor to Central North America and</p><p>subsequently, to Central America and South America.</p><p>Some archaeologists believe that the true discoverers of the</p><p>New World and first inhabitants of the Americas were the Clovis</p><p>people, who migrated through Beringia going down along the Ice</p><p>Free Corridor and settling near a town called Clovis, in New Mexico,</p><p>where different types of evidence, including a mammoth fossil</p><p>skeleton with a spear-point in its ribs, were found. However, not all</p><p>archaeologists accept this version, for there are some who claim that</p><p>there have been earlier inhabitants called Pre Clovis in other areas</p><p>such as Dutton and Selby, but there is still no solid evidence to</p><p>support this new argument.</p><p>The Clovis People, who belonged to the early Paleo-Indian Era</p><p>(approximately 12,000 years BP) used the animals hides to make</p><p>their clothes, which they tailored with precision, for protection against</p><p>3</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 Migration of Tribal Groups From Asia America During the Ice Age</p><p> 4/5</p><p>the inclement weather. They were also hunters and foragers, they</p><p>hunted animals like mammoth, bison, horse and camel and they did it</p><p>using a highly mobile hunting strategy and fluted spear points as</p><p>weapons which they made and were found much later on the</p><p>discovery area mentioned before. These samples of spear points</p><p>show how developed the Clovis people were, being considered by the</p><p>Wiscosin Historical Society members as ingenious, when they state:</p><p>The Early Paleo-Indian tradition is characterized by the distinct</p><p>production of fluted projectile points, which possess a longitudinal</p><p>groove, or flute on one or both faces. Fluted points are an example of</p><p>the incredible ingenuity and resourcefulness of the early peoples that</p><p>inhabited North America</p><p>All things considered, I strongly believe in the theory developed</p><p>before, since they rely on findings made by professionals. It is a fact</p><p>that human beings are deeply involved in knowing more about their</p><p>past as if this reassured their existence and showed them their</p><p>purpose in life, which would be fundamentally surviving, that is why</p><p>thanks to uncounted researchers we are able to know more about our</p><p>ancestors and it is my belief that the early Natives of the Americas</p><p>have survived throughout history, unintentionally peopling the New</p><p>World. They are then, a sample of the faculty and potential our</p><p>species has and quite deserving, the owners of the title of the most</p><p>developed species in the world.</p><p>4</p></li><li><p>8/14/2019 Migration of Tribal Groups From Asia America During the Ice Age</p><p> 5/5</p><p>Sources</p><p>http://www.geneticarchaeology.com/research/researchers posit new ideas.</p><p>National Geographic Magazine, September 1979, pages 330 363.</p><p>http://yukon.taiga.net/vuntutrda/archaeol/pleis.htm</p><p>http://www.wisconsinhistory.org/museum/artifacts</p><p>http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/08071193203.htm</p><p>5</p>http://www.geneticarchaeology.com/research/researchershttp://www.wisconsinhistory.org/museum/artifactshttp://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/08071193203.htmhttp://www.geneticarchaeology.com/research/researchershttp://www.wisconsinhistory.org/museum/artifactshttp://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/07/08071193203.htm</li></ul>


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