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  • SourceIndian Horticulture DatabaseData period: 201011

    Contact usShailendra Kumar, Director (NHM)Phone: 011 23389346

  • M E S S AG E

    I am delighted to learn that the Horticulture Division is bringing out a publication on the overall scenario of horticulture production in different states of the country This makes available, in a concise as well as precise, easy to read manner, very useful information on status of horticulture today

    The Government of India has been providing support for the holistic development of horticulture through various schemes such as National Horticulture Mission (NHM), Horticulture Mission for North East and Himalyan States (HMNEH), National Horticulture Board (NHB) and Coconut Development Board (CDB) In addition, schemes are also being taken up under RKVY All these concerted efforts have led to increased productivity This publication captures much of what has been achieved and should motivate all states to further take advantage of these schemes and promote horticulture

    I congratulate the Horticulture Division in bringing out this publication as a part of Year of Horticulture celebrations

    (Sharad Pawar)

  • Contents

    SUMMARY STATEMENTS

    Statewise Ranking of Fruit Production (2010-11) i

    Statewise Ranking of Vegetable Production (2010-11) ii

    Statewise Ranking of Spices Production (2010-11) iii

    Statewise Ranking of Plantation Crops (2010-11) iii

    Statewise Ranking of Flower Production (2010-11) iii

    STATE PROFILES

    Andhra Pradesh 1

    Bihar 4

    Chhattisgarh 6

    Goa 8

    Gujarat 9

    Haryana 12

    Jharkhand 14

    Karnataka 16

    Kerala 19

    Madhya Pradesh 21

    Maharashtra 23

    Odisha 27

    Punjab 29

    Rajasthan 31

    Tamil Nadu 32

    Uttar Pradesh 34

    West Bengal 36

    Himachal Pradesh 39

    Jammu & Kashmir 40

  • Uttarakhand 41

    Assam 43

    Arunachal Pradesh 45

    Manipur 46

    Meghalaya 47

    Mizoram 48

    Nagaland 49

    Sikkim 50

    Tripura 51

  • SUMMARYSTATEMENTS

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  • [ ii ][ ii ]

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  • [ iii ]

    Rank States

    1 Andhra Pradesh

    2 Gujarat

    3 Rajasthan

    4 Karnataka

    5 Madhya Pradesh

    6 Tamil Nadu

    7 Assam

    8 Uttar Pradesh

    9 West Bengal

    10 Odisha

    Statewise Ranking of Spices Production (2010-11)

    Rank Cut Flower Loose Flower

    1 West Bengal Tamil Nadu

    2 Maharashtra Karnataka

    3 Andhra Pradesh Andhra Pradesh

    4 Odisha Maharashtra

    5 Karnataka Punjab

    6 Gujarat Haryana

    7 Uttaranchal West Bengal

    8 Uttar Pradesh Gujarat

    9 Arunachal Pradesh Chhattisgarh

    10 Jharkhand Jharkhand

    Statewise Ranking of Flower Production (2010-11)

    Rank Cashewnut Coconut Cocoa Arecanut

    1 Maharashtra Kerala Kerala Karnataka

    2 Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu Karnataka Kerala

    3 Odisha Karnataka Andhra Pradesh Assam

    4 Kerala Andhra Pradesh Tamil Nadu West Bengal

    5 Tamil Nadu West Bengal Meghalaya

    6 Karnataka Odisha Tamil Nadu

    7 Goa Maharashtra Tripura

    8 Chhattisgarh Gujarat Mizoram

    9 Gujarat Assam Andaman & Nicobar

    10 West Bengal Goa Maharashtra

    Statewise Ranking of Plantation Crops (2010-11)

    [ iii ]

  • STATE

    PROFILESS TAT E W I S E H O R T I C U LT U R E S TAT U S

  • [ 1 ]

    Andhra Pradesh

    Andhra Pradesh produces about 2332 m MT of horticulture produce from an area of 19 m ha, accounting for 970% of total horticulture production in the country Major share of production is from vegetables (51%) and fruits (40%)

    Andhra Pradesh is the third leading fruit producing state in the country after Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra and its share accounts for 126% of the total production of fruits in the country The main fruits are Mango, Banana, Citrus, Papaya, Guava and SapotaAndhra Pradesh is the fourth leading producer of vegetables after West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh and Bihar and contributes to about 81% of the total vegetable production in the country The main vegetables areBrinjal, Okra, Onion , Peas and Tomato7209 lakh MT of fruits have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs 699/kg1069 lakh MT of vegetables have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs 1013/kg

    MangoAndhra Pradesh is the second largest producer of Mango in the country after Uttar Pradesh With a production of 336 m MT tonnes from an area of 039 m ha, Andhra Pradesh produces about 22% of the mango in the country The major mango producing belts are Krishna, East & West Godavari, Khammam and Vijayanagar The commercial mango varieties grown are Bangnapalli, Suvarnarekha, Neelum and Totapuri, of which Bangnapalli is an early variety The productivity of mango is 86 t/haA large number of processing units have been set up in the Chittoor belt, mainly processing for Totapuri variety for pulp, which is being exportedLarge areas under senile mango plantations, with seedling origin, needs replacement in the State

    241 lakh MT of mango have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs 1128/kg

    GrapesAndhra Pradesh is ranked fourth in the major Grapes producing States in the country and accounts of 22% of total production of Grapes in the countryThe State produces 003 m MT of Grapes from an area of 0001 m ha with productivity of 2100 t/ha which is the highest among the grape producing States in the country

    BananaAP has emerged as a major producer of Banana over the years, producing about 93% of the banana and is ranked fourth most banana producing state in the country The total production is 28 m MT from an area of 008 m ha, the productivity being 35 MT/ha The growing belts are East and West Godavari, Kurnool and Cuddapah The varieties being grown are Dwarf Cavandish, Robusta, Rasthali, Amritpant and Thellachakrakeli, Karpoora Poovan, Chakrakeli, Monthan and Yenagu BonthaA FAO assisted project was implemented in the state during 2003-04, which has helped in promoting the latest technologiesLack of post harvest infrastructure is still a constraint2468 lakh MT of banana have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs 540/kg

    Citrus (Sweet Orange, Mosambi)Andhra Pradesh is third leading producer of orange mandarin and accounts for 17% of the production of orange mandarin production in the country with productivity of 135 MT/ha

  • [ 2 ][ 2 ]

    With a production of about 181 m MT, Andhra Pradesh is a leader in the production of Citrus, mainly sweet orange Andhra Pradesh produces about 24% of the citrus in the country Andhra Pradesh is a leading lime/lemon producing state in the country with production of 069 m MT from 005 m ha with productivity of 15 MT/ha The state contributes about to 33% of the total production of lime/lemon in the countryAndhra Pradesh is the second most Mosambi producing state after Maharashtra and contributes to about 42% of the total production of mosambi in the country with production of 055 m MT from an area of 004 m ha with productivity of 137 MT/ha which is the second highest after KarnatakaAndhra Pradesh is the third highest Orange producing state after Punjab and Madhya Pradesh to contribute about 17% of the total production of orange in the country with production of 057 m MT from an area of 004 m ha with productivity of 135 MT/haCommercial processing juice is the need of the hour1367 lakh MT of citrus have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs 683/kg

    PomegranateAndhra Pradesh is the fourth leading producer of pomegranate and accounts for 37% of total production of pomegranate in the countryState produces 003 m MT of pomegranate from an area of 0003 m ha with productivity of 1000 MT/ha

    PapayaAndhra Pradesh produces about 271% of the Papaya in the country and is the largest producer of papaya in the country, involving a production of 114 m MT from an area of 002 m ha having productivity of 80 t/ha This has been achieved through the use of good quality seeds along with drip irrigation The cultivation is concentrated in Cuddapah, Medak, Kurnool and Rangareddy districts Taiwan, Co-l, and Co-2 are the main varieties grownLack of quality seeds and proper post harvest infrastructure are the main constraints012 lakh MT of papaya have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs 613/kg

    GuavaAndhra Pradesh contributes to about 52% of the total production of Guava in the country with production of 013 m MT from an area of 001 m ha with productivity of 15 MT/ha

    Major guava producing belts in the state are East Godavari, West Godavari, Guntur, Krishna and Ananthapur082 lakh MT of guava have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs 800/kg

    SapotaAndhra Pradesh is one of the leading producer of Sapota growing states, with production of 012 MT from an area of 0012 m ha having productivity of 10 MT/haThe state produces about 86% of the total production of sapota in the countrySapota producing belts in the state are East and West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Kurnool and Medak The main varieties are Pala, Kirtibarthi, Cricket ball, Dawaaepudi and Guthi, Jonavalasa683 lakh MT of sapota have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs 183/kg

    OkraAndhra Pradesh is the leading okra producing state in the country and contributes to about 20% of the total production of okra in the countryThe production of okra is 118 m MT from an area of 008 m ha with productivity of 150 MT/haThe major okra growing belts in the state are Guntur, Prakasham, Kurnool and Rangareddy017 lakh MT of okra have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs 1028/kg

    TomatoAndhra Pradesh is producing about 36% of tomatoes in the country and is the leading producer of tomato involving a production of 59 m MT from an area of 030 m ha with productivity of 20 MT/ha The main tomato producing areas are Rangareddy, Mahboobnagar, Prakasham, Vishakhapatnam and Chittoor397 lakh MT of tomato have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs 730/kg

    BrinjalAndhra Pradesh is the third leading producer of Brinjal after West Bengal and Odisha and contributes to about 11% of the total brinjal production in the countryThe production of brinjal in the State is 15 m MT from an area of 008 m ha with productivity of 20 MT/haThe production of brinjal is concentrated in East and West Godavari, Krishna, Guntur, Vellore, Kurnool, Ananthapur, Sri Kakulam and Vishakhapatnam

  • [ 3 ]

    018 lakh MT of brinjal have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs 712/kg

    OnionAndhra Pradesh is a major onion producing state in the country and contributes to about 5% of the total production of onion in the countryThe production of onion in the state is 08 m MT from an area of 005 m ha with productivity of 17 MT/haMajor onion growing belts in the state are Kurnool, Cuddapah and Rangareddy428 lakh MT of onion have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs 1029/kg

    PeasAndhra Pradesh contributes to about 23 % of the total production of Peas in the country with productivity of 35 MT/ha which is the highest among the peas growing states0004 lakh MT of peas have been traded in organized markets with average price of Rs 2228/kg

    TapiocaAndhra Pradesh is the third largest producer of Tapioca in the country involving production of 006 m MT from 0003 m ha having productivity of 20 MT/ha

    Sweet PotatoAndhra Pradesh contributes to about 1% of the total production of Sweet Potato in the country but with highest productivity of 202 MT/ha among the leading sweet potato growing states in the country

    SpicesAndhra Pradesh is the leading producer of Spices in the country It produces about 1998% of spices in the country, involving an area of 029 m ha producing 107 m and MT of spices having productivity of 371 MT/ha

    CashewnutAndhra Pradesh is the second largest producer of Cashewnut in the country after Maharashtra It produces 011 m MT of cashew which is 159% of the total production of cashew in the country Varieties of cashew viz BPP-4, BPP-8 and VRI-2 are grown in the state

    CocoaAndhra Pradesh is producing about 208% of the total cocoa in the country and is third leading producer in the country

    CoconutAndhra Pradesh is the fourth largest producer of coconut and is producing 62% of total production of coconut in the country Released coconut varieti

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