# micro correlations and tail dependence

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Micro correlations and tail dependence. Roger Cooke Resources for the Future & Dept. Math TU Delft Vine-Copula workshop Dec. 16-17, 2008 . - PowerPoint PPT PresentationTRANSCRIPT

Micro correlations and tail dependenceRoger CookeResources for the Future &Dept. MathTU DelftVine-Copula workshopDec. 16-17, 2008

Subsequently, insurers were required by September 30, 2007 to make true up filings based on their actual reinsurance costs and pass on to the insureds the actual savings which resulted from the expanded FHCF coverage. State officials are perplexed over the failure of the 2007 insurance reforms to bring about meaningful rate reduction. In October 2007, the OIR served Allstate with broad subpoenas, demanding an explanation of the criteria Allstate used when it began dropping 300,000 homeowners policies starting in 2005 and justification for its rate filings. FLORIDA INSURANCE REFORM: One year after a massive legislative overhaul, is Florida any closer to finding a solution to its property insurance problems? By Fred E. Karlinsky, Shareholder, and Richard J. Fidei, Partner Colodny, Fass, Talenfeld, Karlinsky & Abate, P.A.

Background: Catastraphe insurance market failure

insurers were required by September 30, 2007 to make true up filings based on their actual reinsurance costs and pass on to the insureds the actual savings which resulted from the expanded FHCF coverage. State officials are perplexed over the failure of the 2007 insurance reforms to bring about meaningful rate reduction. In October 2007, the OIR served Allstate with broad subpoenas, demanding an explanation of the criteria Allstate used when it began dropping 300,000 homeowners policies starting in 2005 and justification for its rate filings. FLORIDA INSURANCE REFORM: One year after a massive legislative overhaul, is Florida any closer to finding a solution to its property insurance problems? By Fred E. Karlinsky, Shareholder, and Richard J. Fidei, Partner Colodny, Fass, Talenfeld, Karlinsky & Abate, P.A.

Here in Lee County, property insurance premiums are proving to be the straw that broke the camel's back in so many foreclosure proceedings. A mortgage is in default if insurance premiums are not paid. These high premiums, coupled with escalating adjustable mortgages, are the main reasons there were more than 1,000 foreclosures in July with no end in sight. http://www.taylor.house.gov

Micro CorrelationsLet X1,...X2N be identically distributed randomvariables with variance 2 and COV(Xi,Xj) = c. Then

( i=1..NXi , i=N+1..2NXi) =

N2c 1 (N ) N2 + N(N-1) c

Eg 2=1, c=0.01, N = 1000

( i=1..NXi , i=N+1..2NXi) = 0.91

Lp processes may be the natural way to get tail dependent, fat tail distributions (X1,..) have a L1 symmetric distribution with gamma prior if, for any n, the n-dimensional marginal density is given byp(x1,xn) = e-xi -1a e-a (1/()) d.

Setting n = 1 and integrating over , the univariate density =p(x) = a / (a+x)+1

The sum of n L1 vbls is a (gamma gransform of) an Ln process The density of the sum of the n variables is

p(i=1..n Xi = r) = (1/(n))nrn-1e-r -1ae-a(1/())d

= rn-1a(+n) / [()(a+r)+n].

Tail DependenceFor variables X,Y with the same distribution, the upper tail dependence of X and Y is

UTD(X,Y) = limR P(X>R Y>R) / P(X>R).

The upper tail dependence of sums of N L1 variables is

k,j=0..N-1 (1/2)j+k (+k+j) / [ ()k!j!] (1/2) k=0..N-1 (+k) / [k!()]

UTD, correlation depend on shape and on n

Lower tail dependence(no closed formula)

Lower quadrant conditional correlations

Idem, log scale

ideaFix claims type (eg coastal)Fix time windowModel claims aggregation as Lp processFind aggregation level and indemnity level R st correlation Sum < R is small. Private insurance markets can work under claim level R.Above R, own risk or govt risk

illustration NPolicy packages

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