mfv ren ch.3

Download Mfv ren ch.3

Post on 12-Jul-2015

104 views

Category:

Education

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

Or San Michele, Florence (early 14th c.) 1406dictum to fill niches 1414K. Ladislaus, Naples threatened Florence 1423niches filled

Or San Michele, Florence (early 14th c.)1406dictum to fill niches1414K. Ladislaus, Naples threatened Florence1423niches filled1

Or San MicheleEach guild was responsible to fill a niche on the exterior of this guild building.Nanni di Banco.

Nanni di Banco. Four Saints. Or San Michele, Florence,c.1410-16

Four martyred sculptors who refused and order from the Roman emperor Diocletian to carve a pagan deity.

Early example of Renaissance artists attempt to liberate statuary form its architectural setting.

Patron: Wood and Stone Carvers Guild5Four martyred sculptors who refused and order from the Roman emperor Diocletian to carve a pagan deity.

Early example of Renaissance artists attempt to liberate statuary form its architectural setting.

Guild of Stone and Wood MastersFour Crowned Saints group1414-1417 by Nanni di Banco

7donatelloAssistant to Ghiberti until 1407Travel to Rome with Brunelleshi

David1409Marble, height 191 cmMuseo Nazionale del Bargello, Florence

It may seem odd to find a sculpture as illustrating the origins of the emerging Renaissance style in painting, but actually in the Renaissance, the sculptors were a half step ahead of the painters in delineating the new language of forms. The most influential among them was Donatello. His David is one of his earliest works in marble and was made more than a decade before the painters displayed a similar respect for the human figure.Donatello, St Mark, 1411, Marble, 79

As Giotto had succeeded his master Cimabue, so Ghiberti produced a student whose fame exceeded his own: Donatello.

Donatello was the great master of the Early Renaissance.

His skills as a sculptor were unsurpassed until Michelangelo appeared almost a century later. He completed many commissions for the city of Florence.

His St. Mark was commissioned by the Linen Weavers Guild. 10As Giotto had succeeded his master Cimabue, so Ghiberti produced a student whose fame exceeded his own: Donatello. Donatello was the great master of the Early Renaissance. His skills as a sculptor were unsurpassed until Michelangelo appeared almost a century later. He completed many commissions for the city of Florence. His St. Mark was commissioned by the weaver's guild.

St Markc. 1411Marble, height 236 cmOrsanmichele, Florence

Donatello. S. George. Or San Michele. Florencec.1417

Guild of ArmorersContinues Gothic tradition (depicting warrior saints on church facades) but here it plays a civic roleready to defend Florence.

Christian soldier, spiritually akin to the St. Theodore at Chartres Cathedral and other figures of chivalry.

13Arte dei Corazzai e Spadai(Guild of Armourers and Swordmakers)Saint George1417 by Donatello

Arte dei Corazzai e Spadai(Guild of Armourers and Swordmakers)Saint George1417 by Donatello

Two years later Donatello was commissioned to install this reliefmarks a turning point in Renaissance sculpturepainterly approachatmospheric effecta window onto an infinite vista.Two years later Donatello was commissioned to install this reliefmarks a turning point in Renaissance sculpturepainterly approachatmospheric effecta window onto an infinite vista.

17

Donatello. S. George. Or San Michele. Florence, c.1417

Guild of Armorers and SwordmakersContinues Gothic tradition (depicting warrior saints on church facades) but here it plays a civic roleready to defend Florence.18Ghiberti, S. Matthew, c.1423Bankers Guild (one of the wealthiest guilds)Bronzebankers were associated with precious metals

Ghiberti, S. John the Baptist1416, Guild of Merchants

Ghiberti, S. Matthew, c.1423Bankers Guild

Guild of MerchantsChrist and Doubting Thomas by Verrocchio1465 - 1466

brunelleschiPantheon and Brunelleschi's Duomo http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UkUyWruTclY

241. Turn your paper horizontal ("landscape" orientation) 1. Turn your paper horizontal ("landscape" orientation)

252. Line the end of your ruler up with the side of your page.

Be sure the ruler is straight and flush with the edge of the page or everything will be crooked!

263. Draw a horizontal line one or two inches down from top of the page. This is your horizon line.

274. Draw a dot in the middle of your horizon line. This is your vanishing point.

285. Now draw a square or rectangle in the right or left bottom area of your page.

296. Now connect three corners of your rectangle or square to the vanishing point. These are orthogonals.

307. Draw a horizontal line between the top two orthogonals where you want your form to end.

318. Draw a vertical line down from the horizontal line to complete the side.

329. Erase the remaining orthogonals.

3310. Add details and experiment!

34Filippo Brunelleschi (13771446) is widely considered the first Renaissance architect. Trained as a goldsmith in his native city of Florence, Brunelleschi soon turned his interests to architecture, traveling to Rome to study ancient buildings. Among his greatest accomplishments is the engineering of the dome of Florence Cathedral (Santa Maria del Fiore, also known as the Duomo). He was also the first since antiquity to use the classical orders Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian in a consistent and appropriate manner.Although Brunelleschi's structures may appear simple, they rest on an underlying system of proportion. Brunelleschi often began with a unit of measurement whose repetition throughout the building created a sense of harmony, as in the Ospedale degli Innocenti (Florence, 1419). This building is based on a modular cube, which determines the height of and distance between the columns, and the depth of each bay.

Brunesslechi, Hospital of the Innocents, 14211st Ren. bldg.Patron: Silk Merchants Guild and GoldsmithsThe commission enabled him to apply the principles of:balance, harmony and proportionhe discovered during his study of ancient Roman buildings.37Brunesslechi, Hospital of the Innocents1st Ren. bldg.Long, low, graceful, symmetrical, dominated by a continous faadesix bay logiaunified system of cubes and squares

Details:Loggiacovered walkwayArcadeseries of columns spanned by archesPedimented windowstriangular treatment

balance, harmony and proportion

38Brunesslechi, Hospital of the Innocents1st Ren. bldg.Long, low, graceful, symmetrical, dominated by a continous faadesix bay logiaunified system of cubes and squares

Andrea della Robbia - Glazed terra-cotta reliefs of swaddled babes

Andrea della Robbia - Glazed terra-cotta reliefs of swaddled babes (added about 1487)

39BRUNELLESCHIDOME OF FLORENCE CATHEDRAL, 1423-38

The Cathedral of Florence was begun in 1298. Santa Maria del Fiore (our Lady of the Flower, the lily was a symbol of Florence) was the third cathedral built on the site. Brunelleschi submitted the winning plan for the dome in 1420. He combined his knowledge of Roman engineering principles with innovative building techniques to construct a 100 dome w/o any visible means of support.41A hundred years later, the cathedral was still unfinished. It had been planned with such audacity by the architect (Arnolfo di Cambio) that it had space for a dome the size of the Pantheon's, and no one in Italy had any idea how to actually build it. Across the piazza from the Cathedral's facade was the baptistery. (the white octagonal roof) Every child born in Florence (heathens excepted) was baptized into the Church there. It was decided that the baptistery needed new doors. The city fathers of Florence held a competition to solicit plans for the dome's completion and for door designs in bronze. Brunelleschi, dome of Florence Cathedral, 1420-36

42The exteriors of Roman architecture tended to be plain. The interiors were grand. It is the same with this Classically inspired interior. The barrel vaulted nave with its richly coffered ceiling are reminiscence of a Roman basilica.The completed cathedral was finally dedicated in 1436 and today is the signature of Florence's skyline: IL Duomo. Both Brunelleschi and Ghiberti improved upon the perspective of Giotto. Linear perspective is the sense that a picture plane is opening a window into another world. This other world, in order to be convincing, had to be spatially cohesive, and spatial relationships could be measured mathematically.

The Cathedral of Florence was begun in 1298. Santa Maria del Fiore (our Lady of the Flower, the lily was a symbol of Florence) was the third cathedral built on the site.

Brunelleschi placed dome over 140 crossing by designing a thin double shell that was ogival (pointed arch) in section.The domes weight is borne by 8 marble ribs that span the dome form base to lantern. These ribs are supplemented by 16 concealed ribs radiating from the center.43

San Lorenzo, Florence, Italyby Filippo Brunelleschi,, 1421 to 1440.