metropolitan museum of art, new york: picture gallery, the masterpieces (part3)

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  • ROUSSEAU, HenriThe Repast of the Lion (detail)c. 1907Oil on canvas, 114 x 160 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • ROUSSEAU, HenriThe Repast of the Lion (detail)c. 1907Oil on canvas, 114 x 160 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • ROUSSEAU, HenriThe Repast of the Lion (detail)c. 1907Oil on canvas, 114 x 160 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • ROUSSEAU, HenriThe Repast of the Lionc. 1907Oil on canvas, 114 x 160 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

    Picture Gallery, The Masterpieces

    (Part 3)

  • GAUGUIN, PaulIa Orana Maria (Hail Mary)1891Oil on canvas, 114 x 88 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • GAUGUIN, PaulIa Orana Maria (detail)1891Oil on canvasMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • GOGH, Vincent vanThe Siesta between 1892 and 1894 Oil on canvas, 88.9 116.2 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • GOGH, Vincent vanThe Siesta (detail)between 1892 and 1894 Oil on canvas, 88.9 116.2 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • MANET, EdouardBoating1874Oil on canvas, 97 x 130 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • MANET, EdouardBoating (detail)1874Oil on canvas, 97 x 130 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • GOGH, Vincent vanWheat Field with Cypresses1889 Oil on canvas, 73 x 93.4 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • GOGH, Vincent vanWheat Field with Cypresses (detail)1889 Oil on canvas, 73 x 93.4 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • GOGH, Vincent vanL'Arlsienne: Madame Ginoux with BooksNovember 1888, ArlesOil on canvas, 91 x 74 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • GOGH, Vincent vanL'Arlsienne: Madame Ginoux with Books (detail)November 1888, ArlesOil on canvas, 91 x 74 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • CZANNE, PaulCard Players1892-93Oil on canvas, 65 x 81 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • CZANNE, PaulCard Players (detail)1892-93Oil on canvas, 65 x 81 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • MONET, ClaudeCamille Monet on a Garden Bench1873Oil on canvas, 61 x 80 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • MONET, ClaudeCamille Monet on a Garden Bench (detail)1873Oil on canvas, 61 x 80 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • TOULOUSE-LAUTREC, Henri deThe Englishman at the Moulin Rouge1892Oil and gouache on cardboard, 88 x 66 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • TOULOUSE-LAUTREC, Henri deThe Englishman at the Moulin Rouge (detail)1892Oil and gouache on cardboard, 88 x 66 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • DEGAS, EdgarThe Dance Class1874 Oil on canvas, 83.5 x 77.2 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • DEGAS, EdgarThe Dance Class (detail)1874 Oil on canvas, 83.5 x 77.2 cm Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • RENOIR, Pierre-AugusteBy the Seashore1883Oil on canvas, 92 x 72 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • RENOIR, Pierre-AugusteBy the Seashore (detail)1883Oil on canvas, 92 x 72 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • cast Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York_Picture Gallery, The Masterpieces, (Part 3)

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    RENOIR, Pierre-AugusteBy the Seashore (detail)1883Oil on canvas, 92 x 72 cmMetropolitan Museum of Art, New York

  • The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City is the most comprehensive collection of art in the USA and one of the greatest in the world. It was founded in 1870 and the present building in Central Park was opened in 1880. The museum is owned by the city, but is supported mainly by private endowment, and the history of its foundation and growth illustrates the rapid rise of New York at the end of the 19th century as the financial and cultural capital of North America, and the growing economic supremacy of America over Europe.

    Between 1880 and 1925, at a time when the major public collections in Europe were engaged in consolidation, relying largely on their purchase grants and other state aid, the Metropolitan Museum was being built up out of the private fortunes of great businessmen, who collected rather for prestige than out of connoisseurship, but collected only first-class works of art. It has also benefited from a number of endowed purchase grants, many of them unconditional, which have enabled it to progress not only as a collection of outstanding works, but as a comprehensive and representative one.

  • The museum is rich in virtually every field of the fine and applied arts from all parts of the world and also houses one of the world's largest art libraries.

    Much of the collection of medieval art is housed in a separate building called the Cloisters in Fort Tryon Park, overlooking the Hudson River. Opened in 1938, the Cloisters is a Medieval-style structure, largely made up of parts of Romanesque and Gothic buildings transported from Europe. Many of the works it houses were collected by the American sculptor George Grey Barnard (1863-1938), who lived in France for much of his career.