met - aviation (re)insurance and underwriting - 29.04.2012

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GIC Re

AVIATION (RE)INSURANCE

-Hitesh Joshi

AVIATION MARKET - SEGMENTS AND FEATURES

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Aviation Industry --Segments

Civil

Airlines General Aviation

Military

Aviation Class of Insurance"aircraft" means any machine which can derive support in the atmosphere from reactions of the air, a[other than reactions of the air against the earth's surface] and includes balloons, whether fixed or free, airships, kites, gliders and flying machines;

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General Aviation

Commercial Corporate Business Personal / Private Sports / Recreational Instructional Experimental Aerobatics

Transport-based Non-transport-based

Aviation Insurance Market --Buyer Segments Airlines General

Aviation-RW & FW Product / Manufacturers Space Other Aviation Liability

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Aviation Insurance Market--Segments based on Coverage Hull

/ Spares / Liability Hull Deductible Hull War Excess War Liability

Rotor-wings

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Turbo-props

Jets (Turbofans)

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Airliner Census - 2009

Business Aviation

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Worldwide Helicopter Fleet Distribution --33598 aircraft

Aircraft in IndiaAugust 2010

Scheduled Non-Scheduled Corporate jets Training Private Government Amateur Helicopters 87 249 239 125 150

403

850 282 1535

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Features Catastrophe

class of business Specialized branch of insurance International / Regional in Character Data unavailable for GA Drivers-Regulators and Lessors Not

Marine Insurance

Combination

of short & long tail

Features

Less homogeneity Discontinuity due to technological changes Reinsurance-driven

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StakeholdersAdditional Insured Manufacturer / Repairer

OperatorPilots / Crew

Passengers

Financier / Lessor

Aircraft

Cargo Owner

Surveyor / Adjustor / Solicitors Broker Insurer

Third Party

Reinsurer

AVIATION COVERS and AVN 1C

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Aviation Covers

Hull All Risk / LiabilityAVN 1C Spares All Risk LPO344C Hull War Risk LSW555C-D Spares War Risk CL258/CL260 Hull Deductible War Liability WRITEBACK AVN52E/G Airport Owners & Operators Liability-Ariel Refuelling Liability -Ariel Aviation Products Liability-AVN66 Loss of Licence Cover-Creechurch Personal Accident Cover-NMA2712

Other Aviation Insurances

Hull Total Loss Insurance Personal Accident Insurance Crew and/or Passengers Cargo All Risk Insurance Engine Mechanical Breakdown Aircraft Unavailability Insurance Contingency Insurances Profit Commission Insurance

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Terminology

Combined Single Limit Maximum Agreed Value GRO Cover / FFR Cover FOD / Ingestion Damage Bodily Injury / Personal Injury Named / Open Pilot Warranty Legal Liability / Admitted Liability LeasesCharter / Dry / Wet / Damp / Financial / Operating Load Liability Documents of Carriage

Passenger ticket / luggage ticket / consignment note

Contracting Carrier / Actual Carrier

Terminology

Bank / Pitch / Yaw FOD Bird Ingestion / Hit Angle of Attack / Stall Turbulence Pressurized aircraft MTOM / MTOW Cycles Type rated

Auto-rotation Go around TBO First officer Flight /cockpit/cabin crew VFR/IFR Autopilot

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LONDON AIRCRAFT INSURANCE POLICY-AVN 1CSECTION I HULL COVER 1. Coverage Loss or damage to aircraft reasonable emergency expenses option to pay for, replace or repair. 2. Exclusions wear and tear, deterioration, breakdown, defect or failure howsoever caused in any Unit of the Aircraft / consequences within such Unit; damage to any Unit by anything which has a progressive or cumulative effect but damage attributable to a single recorded incident is covered.

HOWEVER consequential accidental loss / damage is covered.

LONDON AIRCRAFT INSURANCE POLICY AVN 1CSECTION I HULL COVER

3. Conditions no dismantling / repairs without the consent of the Insurers; repairs and transport of labour and materials by the most economical method; On indemnification, abandonment at the option of the insurer Betterment deduction No claim shall be payable if other insurance which is payable without the knowledge or consent of the Insurers.

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SECTION II THIRD PARTY LIABILITY (EXCL.PASSENGERS)1. Coverage Indemnity for legal liability for compensatory damages (including costs awarded) in respect of accidental bodily injury and damage to property by the Aircraft or by person or object falling therefrom. 2. Exclusions director /employee /partner / flight, cabin or other crew / passengers loss of / damage to any property belonging to or in the care, custody or control of the Insured; 3. Limit of Indemnity any legal costs / expenses incurred with insurers written consent in regard to any claim for compensatory damages If award higher than indemnity, pro-rata allocation of expenses.

SECTION III PASSENGER LEGAL LIABILITY1. Coverage Indemnity for legal liability as compensatory damages in respect of

(a) accidental bodily injury (fatal or otherwise) whilst entering, on board, or alighting from the Aircraft and (b) loss of or damage to baggage and personal articles

Provided always that Insured to take measures to limit liability to the extent permitted by law; In the event of failure to comply, the liability of the Insurers shall not exceed the amount of the legal liability, otherwise would have existed. 2. Exclusions (a) director / employee / partner in the Insured's business whilst acting in the course of his employment with or duties for the Insured; (b) member of the flight, cabin or other crew whilst engaged in the operation of the Aircraft. 3. Limits of Indemnity applicable to this Section In addition any legal costs / expenses incurred with their written consent in defending any action in respect of any claim for compensatory damages If award higher than indemnity, pro-rata allocation of expenses.

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SECTION IV GENERAL EXCLUSIONSany illegal purpose / any purpose other than those stated 2. outside the geographical limits 3. piloted by any person other than as stated 4. landing on / taking off / attempting to do so from a place not complying with the requirements laid down by the manufacturer of the Aircraft 5. contractual liability 6. number of passengers exceeded1.

CONDITIONS PRECEDENT FOR ALL SECTIONS1. Due diligence. Compliance with all air navigation and airworthiness orders and requirements issued by any competent authority (a) the Aircraft is airworthy at the commencement of each Flight; (b) all Log Books / other records be kept up to date and shall be produced to the Insurers or their Agents on request; (c) the employees and agents of the Insured comply with such orders and requirements. 3. Immediate notice of any event likely to give rise to a claim shall be given. In all cases the Insured shall (a) furnish full particulars in writing of such event and forward immediately notice of any claim with any letters or documents relating thereto; (b) give notice of any impending prosecution; (c) render information and assistance to the Insurers; (d) not act in any way to the detriment or prejudice of the interest of the Insurers. No admission of liability / offer or promise of payment by the Insured without the written consent of the Insurers.

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GENERAL CONDITIONS1. The Insurers entitled to take absolute control of all negotiations and proceedings and in the name of the Insured to settle, defend or pursue any claim. 2. Subrogation upon indemnity given / payment made by the Insurers-the Insured shall cooperate with and assist the Insurers to exercise such rights and remedies. 3. Cancellation by giving 10 days notice in writing. cancelled by the Insured, a return of premium shall be at the discretion of the Insurers. There will be no return of premium in respect of any Aircraft on which a loss is paid or is payable under this Policy. 4. No Assignment with out insurers consent. Assignment by endorsement only.

Definitions

1. "ACCIDENT" means any one accident or series of accidents arising out of one event. 2. "UNIT" means a part or an assembly of parts (including any sub-assemblies) of the Aircraft which has been assigned an Overhaul Life as a part or an assembly. Nevertheless, an engine complete with all parts normally attached when removed for the purpose of overhaul or replacement shall together constitute a single Unit. 3. "OVERHAUL LIFE" means the amount of use, or operational and/or calendar time which, according to the Airworthiness Authority, determines when overhaul or replacement of a Unit is required. 4. "OVERHAUL COST" means the costs of labour and materials which are or would be incurred in overhaul or replacement (whichever is necessary) at the end of the Overhaul Life of the damaged or a similar Unit.

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Definitions

5. "PRIVATE PLEASURE" means use for private and pleasure purposes but NOT use for any business or profession nor for hire or reward. 6. "BUSINESS" means the uses stated in Private Pleasure and use for business or professional purposes but NOT use for hire or reward. 7. "COMMERCIAL" means the uses stated in Private Pleasure and Business and use for the carriage by the Insured of passengers, baggage accompanying passengers and cargo for hire or reward. 8. "RENTAL" means rental, lease, charter or hire by the Insured to any person, company or organisation for Private Pleasure and Business uses only, where the operation of th