meditation what it is and how to do it--a primer

Download Meditation What It Is and How to Do It--A Primer

Post on 02-Apr-2015

216 views

Category:

Documents

3 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Slide 1

Meditation What It Is and How to Do It--A Primer Slide 2 What Is Meditation? (from Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meditation) a family of self-regulation practices that focus on training attention and awareness a family of self-regulation practices that focus on training attention and awareness a practice that self-regulates the body and mind, thereby affecting mental events a practice that self-regulates the body and mind, thereby affecting mental events a type of discipline, found in various forms in many cultures, by which the practitioner attempts to get beyond the reflexive, "thinking" mind (sometimes called "discursive thinking"[or "logic) into a deeper, more devout, or more relaxed state a type of discipline, found in various forms in many cultures, by which the practitioner attempts to get beyond the reflexive, "thinking" mind (sometimes called "discursive thinking"[or "logic) into a deeper, more devout, or more relaxed state an imprecise term that designates a variety of widely divergent practices that alter ones state of mind an imprecise term that designates a variety of widely divergent practices that alter ones state of mind Slide 3 Physiological Effects Scientific studies are of mixed quality because of an inability to precisely define meditation and because techniques are so divergent that its difficult to compare results. Scientific studies are of mixed quality because of an inability to precisely define meditation and because techniques are so divergent that its difficult to compare results. BUT research from the University of Massachusettes suggests that meditation reduces stress, anxiety, depression, headaches, pain, and elevated blood pressure. BUT research from the University of Massachusettes suggests that meditation reduces stress, anxiety, depression, headaches, pain, and elevated blood pressure. Meditation creates a host of biochemical and physical changes in the body that alter metabolism, heart rate, respiration, blood pressure and brain activation. Meditation creates a host of biochemical and physical changes in the body that alter metabolism, heart rate, respiration, blood pressure and brain activation.metabolism respirationblood pressuremetabolism respirationblood pressure Its effects on brain activity are measurable but not understood. Its effects on brain activity are measurable but not understood. Slide 4 Psycho-Emotional Effects Increased compassion and forgiveness Increased compassion and forgiveness Decreased anxiety and judgment Decreased anxiety and judgment Improved self-awareness and acceptance Improved self-awareness and acceptance Greater relaxation Greater relaxation Increased ability to sustain focus and concentration Increased ability to sustain focus and concentration Improved memory, self-esteem, perceptual sensitivity, empathy, reaction time, and self control Improved memory, self-esteem, perceptual sensitivity, empathy, reaction time, and self control Altered state of awareness that relies less on thinking and doing and focuses on BEING Altered state of awareness that relies less on thinking and doing and focuses on BEING Slide 5 Types Wiki suggests two broad categories Wiki suggests two broad categories concentrative and mindfulness concentrative and mindfulness concentrative meditation focuses attention on a chosen object (mantra, symbol, image, quality, sensation, etc.), bringing attention back to this object, when it wanders concentrative meditation focuses attention on a chosen object (mantra, symbol, image, quality, sensation, etc.), bringing attention back to this object, when it wanders mindfulness meditation (also known as open monitoring) involves non-reactive awareness of the content of bio-emotional experience from moment to moment mindfulness meditation (also known as open monitoring) involves non-reactive awareness of the content of bio-emotional experience from moment to moment brain wave studies suggest that each type of meditation stimulates different areas of the brain; that is, each type has a different effect and a different result brain wave studies suggest that each type of meditation stimulates different areas of the brain; that is, each type has a different effect and a different result concentration and mindfulness are often linked/practice together, w/one form being given precedence concentration and mindfulness are often linked/practice together, w/one form being given precedence Slide 6 Origins Techniques are intimately bound to the religions in which they originated Techniques are intimately bound to the religions in which they originated Etymology: In the Old Testament, the Hebrew haga means to sigh or murmur, but also to meditate. When this Bible was translated into Greek, haga became the Greek melete. The Latin Bible then translated haga/melete into meditatio, which means "to think, contemplate, devise, ponder, meditate. In the west, the use of the term meditatio as part of a formal, stepwise process of meditation goes back to the 12th-century monk Guigo II. Etymology: In the Old Testament, the Hebrew haga means to sigh or murmur, but also to meditate. When this Bible was translated into Greek, haga became the Greek melete. The Latin Bible then translated haga/melete into meditatio, which means "to think, contemplate, devise, ponder, meditate. In the west, the use of the term meditatio as part of a formal, stepwise process of meditation goes back to the 12th-century monk Guigo II. Anthropology notes that prehistoric cultures used repetitive, rhythmic chants (to appease the gods) Anthropology notes that prehistoric cultures used repetitive, rhythmic chants (to appease the gods) First written references to meditation: First written references to meditation: Judeo-Christian Bible-- 1400 BCE Judeo-Christian Bible-- 1400 BCE Hindu Vedas--15th century BCE Hindu Vedas--15th century BCE Taosit China and Buddhist India, 6th-5th centuries BCE Taosit China and Buddhist India, 6th-5th centuries BCE Slide 7 Spiritual Traditions BahaI: communion w/ones self w/focus on the Divine BahaI: communion w/ones self w/focus on the Divine Buddhism: cultivates serenity (samatha) and insight (vipassana) to illuminate and release mental obstructions to the natural state of consciousness, which is loving, compassionate, joyful and peaceful Buddhism: cultivates serenity (samatha) and insight (vipassana) to illuminate and release mental obstructions to the natural state of consciousness, which is loving, compassionate, joyful and peaceful Christian: increase personal relationship with the divine; contemplates qualities of divinity Christian: increase personal relationship with the divine; contemplates qualities of divinity Islam: 5 acts of daily prayer designed to strengthen bond between individual and God and to assist w/problems of daily life; beyond this, there are 2 primary forms of meditation w/in the Islamic tradition: Islam: 5 acts of daily prayer designed to strengthen bond between individual and God and to assist w/problems of daily life; beyond this, there are 2 primary forms of meditation w/in the Islamic tradition: Tafakkur or tadabbur, literally means reflection upon the universe; the aim is submission to God Tafakkur or tadabbur, literally means reflection upon the universe; the aim is submission to Godtadabbur universe;tadabbur universe; Sufi traditions: broad spectrum that vary greatly; some have similarities to Buddhis concentration and introspection Sufi traditions: broad spectrum that vary greatly; some have similarities to Buddhis concentration and introspection Slide 8 Spiritual Traditions, cont. Jainism: Meditation in Jainism aims at realizing the self, attaining salvation, take the soul to complete freedom. Mantra an important practice, as are asana and pranayama. Contemplation of the following are also practiced: life and non-life, the inflow, bondage, stoppage and removal of karmas, and the final accomplishment of liberation. Jainism: Meditation in Jainism aims at realizing the self, attaining salvation, take the soul to complete freedom. Mantra an important practice, as are asana and pranayama. Contemplation of the following are also practiced: life and non-life, the inflow, bondage, stoppage and removal of karmas, and the final accomplishment of liberation. Judaism: 2 traditions--the Talmud (reason and scholarship to aquire knowledge that can be easily shared w/others) and the Kabbalah (mystical practices that lead to an intuitive understanding of the Divine). According to Wiki, the ideal is to merge the 2. Judaism: 2 traditions--the Talmud (reason and scholarship to aquire knowledge that can be easily shared w/others) and the Kabbalah (mystical practices that lead to an intuitive understanding of the Divine). According to Wiki, the ideal is to merge the 2. Sikhism: the focus is on the attributes of God and on movement through each of the 10 gates (analogous to the chakras) until one reaches and is able to sustain awareness at the 10th gate, which brings a continual meditative state while in everyday life. Also important are the cultivation of love through meditation on the Lords name and mantra/kirtan (a form of call and response chanting of mantra). Note: Kundalini Yoga as taught by Yogi Bhajan is incorporates the Sikh tradition w/yoga. Sikhism: the focus is on the attributes of God and on movement through each of the 10 gates (analogous to the chakras) until one reaches and is able to sustain awareness at the 10th gate, which brings a continual meditative state while in everyday life. Also important are the cultivation of love through meditation on the Lords name and mantra/kirtan (a form of call and response chanting of mantra). Note: Kundalini Yoga as taught by Yogi Bhajan is incorporates the Sikh tradition w/yoga. Taoism: includes numerous meditation and contemplative traditions--I Ching, Tao Te Ching, Tai Chi Chuan, Qigong; some are considered moving meditations and others are sea

Recommended

View more >